Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Zhang, Xue; Datta, Ayan; Hrovat, David A. & Borden, Weston T., 1943-
Description: This article discusses calculations that predict a large inverse H/D kinetic isotope effect. Abstract: Tunneling rates are expected to decrease exponentially with the square root of the effective tunneling mass. Therefore, on substitution of a heavier for a lighter isotope, the observation of a large kinetic isotope effect (KIE), involving a substantial decrease in rate constant, is a commonly used diagnostic for a large contribution from quantum mechanical tunneling to a reaction. However, in this communication, the authors report the results of calculations that make the opposite prediction about some of the KIEs on the ring opening of cyclopropylcarbinyl radical (1) to 3-butene-1-y1 radical (2) by tunneling at cryogenic temperatures. Substitution of a heavier for a lighter isotope at the radical center (C1) of 1 is calculated to accelerate the rate of tunneling, giving KIEs at this carbon that are inverse. Of particular note is the authors' prediction that substitution of deuterium for both hydrogens at C1 will lead to a nearly 3-fold increase in the rate of reaction at temperatures so low that ring opening proceeds exclusively by tunneling from the lowest vibrational level.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences