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The 21st Century Library: Collaborative Services, Standards, and Interoperability
This presentation discusses the collaborative services, standards and interoperability of libraries in the 21st century. The topics include information about the emerging library environment, interoperability, key standards, and designing services for the networked library.
Access to Film and Video Works: Surrogates for Moving Image Documents
This doctoral dissertation discusses access to film and video works. Physical and intellectual access to moving image documents is insufficient, often insignificant, at the level of the individual user. Existing access tools suffer from a lack of recognition of the differences between linguistic text communication and image communication. Browsing and relevance judgements are made difficult by the physical realities of film and video documents - one cannot flip through them - and by the habits of serial and passive viewing.
Adding a User Developed Vocabulary in DSpace
Poster presented at the 2008 ALISE Annual Conference. This poster discusses adding a user developed vocabulary in DSpace.
An Alternative Approach to Interoperability Testing
This presentation discusses an alternative approach to interoperability testing and the use of special diagnostic records in the context of Z39.50 and online library catalogs. This research is part of Z-Interop, an Institute of Museum and Library Sciences' (IMLS) National Leadership Grant funded project.
Analysis Logic and Procedures for Creating a Test Dataset of MARC 21 Records for the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed: Phase 1 Testing
Report on the logic and procedures to create a test dataset of more than 400,000 (400K) MARC 21 records from the OCLC WorldCat database. This test dataset (hereafter referred to as the dataset) provides a controlled set of data for use in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (hereafter referred to as Z-Interop). OCLC selected a 1% weighted sample from its WorldCat database, which contains approximately 45 million records. This document focuses on the analysis procedures used to prepare for Phase 1 Testing in Spring 2002. A subsequent version of this document will address the additional procedures for Phase 2 Testing scheduled for Summer 2002.
Analysis of Management and Employee Job Satisfaction
This article describes an analysis of management and employee job satisfaction. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of job satisfaction as defined by both nonmanagement and management employees. This study suggests that little difference exists in the perceptions of job satisfaction importance between management and nonmanagement employees.
The Apiary Project: High-Throughput Workflow for Computer-Assisted Human Parsing of Biological Specimen Label Data
This presentation discusses research on high-throughput workflow for computer-assisted human parsing of biological specimen label data. This is part of the Apiary Project, a collaboration of the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas.
An Application Profile Using Darwin Core Rendered in the New Dublin Core Application Profile Framework
Poster presented at the 2009 Taxonomic Database Working Group Annual Conference. This poster discusses an application profile using Darwin Core rendered in the new Dublin Core application profile framework. This is part of the Apiary Project, a collaboration of the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas.
Applying Technology to Online Counseling: Suggestions for the Beginning E-Therapist
This article discusses e-therapy. Abstract: This article briefly outlines online counseling for readers who may be interested in delivering therapy via the internet. The article should very much be understood to be a beginner's primer based upon research literature and the personal recommendations of the authors. Readers will also benefit from several online resources for counselors mentioned throughout the article.
Are you Ready? Resource Description and Access (RDA)
This presentation was given at the School of Library and Information Sciences at the University of North Texas. The author discusses Resource Description and Access (RDA), what it is, the intention, functionality, structure, and implementation strategies, debates and issues, and recommendations.
Assessing Descriptive Substance in Free-Text Collection-Level Metadata
This presentation discusses free-text collection-level metadata. When many collections are brought together in a federation or aggregation, the attributes of the original collections can get lost. Collection-level metadata has the potential to provide important context about the purpose and features of individual collections, but these qualitative aspects are difficult to describe in a systematic way. This presentation reports on a content analysis of collection records in the IMLS Digital Collections and Content Collection Registry, conducted to analyze the kinds of substantive and purposeful information provided about 202 cultural heritage collections.
Assessing Descriptive Substance in Free-Text Collection-Level Metadata
This paper discusses assessing descriptive substance in free-text collection-level metadata. Abstract: Collection-level metadata has the potential to provide important information about the features and purpose of individual collections. This paper reports on a content analysis of collection records in an aggregation of cultural heritage collections. The findings show that the free-text Description field often provides more accurate and complete representation of subjects and object types than the specified fields. Properties such as importance, uniqueness, comprehensiveness, provenance, and creator are articulated, as well as other vital contextual information about the intentions of a collector and the value of a collection, as a whole, for scholarly users. The results demonstrate that the semantically rich free-text Description field is essential to understanding the context of collections in large aggregations and can serve as a source of data for enhancing and customizing controlled vocabularies.
Assessing Interoperability in the Networked Environment: Standards, Evaluation, and Testbeds in the Context of Z39.50
This book chapter discusses interoperability in the networked environment. An underlying assumption of any network is that various components and processes will work together to produce desired results (e.g., data transmission, data interchange, reliability of services, etc.). The term interoperability has been used to characterize this working together, especially, the workings of lower level data communication components. Usage of the term has evolved to refer more generally to the extent to which different types of computers, networks, operating systems, and applications work together effectively to exchange information in a useful and meaningful manner. Miller (2000) suggests a perspective That is even more encompassing: he says that to be interoperable means "one should actively be engaged in the ongoing process of ensuring that the systems, procedures and culture of an organisation are managed in such a way as to maximize opportunities for exchange and re-use of information, whether internally or externally."
Assessing Metadata Utilization: An Analysis of MARC Content Designation Use
This paper discusses metadata utilization. Abstract: Metadata schemes emerge to meet community and user requirements, and they evolve over time to meet changing requirements. This paper reports results of an analysis of a large sample of MARC 21 bibliographic records. MARC 21 is an encoding scheme related closely to metadata elements occurring in library bibliographic records. The records were analyzed for the utilization of content designation available in MARC 21. Results indicate that less than 5% of available content designation accounts for over 80% of occurrences. The implications of these findings affect indexing policies, system design, and can inform setting requirements for extending a metadata scheme based on a threshold of community requirements.
Beyond Searching Metadata
Poster presented at the 2012 Texas Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) Annual Conference. This poster discusses information discovery and strategies for creating consistency in metadata schemas.
Beyond Size and Search: Building Contextual Mass in Digital Aggregations for Scholarly Use
This paper discusses building contextual mass in digital aggregations for scholarly use.
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 1: Papers Presented at a Conference
These papers are a compilation presented at a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The papers discuss issues in cataloging and archiving African-American literature including relevant subject headings, sources of texts, and collection development. Index starts on page 293.
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 2: Presentations and Discussions
These papers are a compilation of presentations at a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The text includes speeches and discusses regarding the topics as well as a summary of conference recommendations.
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 3: Evaluation of the Conference
These papers offer discussions and conclusions regarding a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The text includes a summary of the reasons for the conference, a report from a conference evaluator, and evaluation forms, as well as minutes and letters regarding the proceedings.
Book Jacket as Access Mechanism: An Attribute Rich Resource for Functional Access to Academic Books
This article discusses book jackets as access mechanisms. Abstract: Book jackets provide a model for access to documents on the World Wide Web. They demonstrate a means for making available many of the representational attributes important to making relevance judgements. Such attributes have been posited for retrieval models for some time, but have not been implemented in most formal access systems. Even in the Web environment physical availability is not the same as accessibility. The attribute categories discussed here emerged from 228 book jackets for non-fiction works in a medium size academic library. Models of document searching and book jacket design are discussed in relation to the individual scholarly searcher and new modes of document searching.
Campus Chaplains: Cult Training and Perceptions
Abstract: This article examines the perception of 43 college chaplains across the United States with regard to cult training and perceptions of college and university cult activity. Campus chaplains are in a unique and challenging position on college campuses to assist students and confront cult issues. The results of the survey indicated that most campus chaplains have had surprisingly little formal training with regard to cultic groups and often perceive faculty, staff, and students as requiring additional education regarding cult issues on college campuses.
Cataloger Tasks: Work In Progress
This presentation discusses cataloging tasks, including Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (FRSAD), and concepts related to the tasks and decisions involved in cataloging.
The Challenges of Training and Retraining Mature Learners
This article discusses challenges in training mature learners. Abstract: By 2005, older workers are projected to comprise 20 percent of the workforce (Barber, Crouch, & Merker, 1992). AT&T, General Electric, McDonalds, Traveler's Insurance, and Days Inn are just a few of the many companies that have already implemented older worker training programs to better utilize this growing older workforce (Hale, 1990; McNaught, 1994). Moloney and Paul (1992) suggest that updating older workers' skills cost less than hiring new graduates. Inter-generational secondary classroom and other retraining facilities must begin to prepare for the expected workforce of the future. In addition, vocational special needs educators must be aware of the special needs of the older learner associated with the aging process. This article explores the aging process from physical, cognitive, social and psychological perspectives, accommodations for age related changes, retraining mature learners, adaptations of the classroom environment, training technology issues, and successful corporate retraining programs to better prepare vocational educators for the workforce of the new millennium.
Chinese Information Retrieval Using Lemur: NTCIR-5 CIR Experiments at UNT
This paper discusses Chinese information retrieval using Lemur. Abstract: This paper describes our participation in NTCIR-5 Chinese Information Retrieval (IR) evaluation. The main purpose is to evaluate Lemur, a freely available information retrieval toolkit. Our results showed that Lemur could provide above average performance on most of the runs. We also compared manual queries vs. automatic queries for Chinese IR. The results show that manually generated queries did not have much effect on IR performance. More analysis will be carried out to discover causes behind hard topics and ways to improve the overall retrieval performance.
Chinese QA and CLQA: NTCIR-5 QA Experiments at UNT
Abstract: This paper describes our participation in the NTCIR-5 CLQA task. Three runs were officially submitted for three subtasks: Chinese Question Answering, English-Chinese Question Answering, and Chinese-English Question Answering. We expanded their TREC experimental QA system EagleQA this year to include Chinese QA and Cross-Language QA capabilities. Various information retrieval and natural language processing tools were incorporated with their home-built programs such as Answer Type Identification, Sentence Extraction, and Answer Finding to find answers to the test questions. Future development will focus on investigating effective question translation and answer finding solutions.
The CIMI Profile: Z39.50 Application Profile for Cultural Heritage Information
This document describes an application profile for the use of 'ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1995, Information Retrieval (Z39.50): Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification' [10] for search and retrieval of cultural heritage information. This profile is named the CIMI Profile, where CIMI refers to the Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information. Cultural heritage information includes resources covering art, architecture, cultural history, and natural history. The CIMI Profile includes specifications for using Z39.50 in this application, although specifications in the Profile, such as the CIMI-1 Attribute Set for searching museum information, may have utility outside of Z39.50 implementations.
CIMI's Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed: Search and Retrieval of Distributed Cultural Heritage Information
This paper discusses the Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI)'s international effort to provide distributed search and retrieval of cultural heritage information. A primary aspect of CIMI's work utilizes ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1995, and American National Standard protocol for information retrieval. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recently approved Z39.50 as ISO 23950. CIMI chose Z39.50 to enable uniform access to existing and emerging digital collections and the vast repositories of cultural heritage information resources. These resources include a variety of physical and digital objects--physical artifacts and digital derivatives of those artifacts, descriptive records designed for collection management, bibliographic records, full-text documents, online tools such as thesauri and authoritative lists of artists' names, and more. CIMI's application Z39.50 in the networked cultural heritage information environment is breaking new ground in distributed and integrated access to textual and non-textual digital collections.
Collaboration and Crowdsourcing: The Cases of Multilingual Digital Libraries
Article discussing research on collaboration and crowdsourcing. The purpose of the study is to understand existing multilingual digital libraries and to suggest strategies for building and sustaining multilingual digital libraries.
Collection-Level Subject Access in Aggregations of Digital Collections: Metadata Application and Use
This doctoral dissertation is about collection-level subject access in aggregations of digital collections. The author discusses metadata richness and user interaction.
Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements
Article discussing competencies required for digital curation. Abstract: With digital curation's increasingly important role in the fast-paced and data-intensive information environment, there is a need to identify a set of competencies for professionals in this growing field. As part of a curriculum development project funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services, a total of 173 job advertisements posted between October 2011 and April 2012 were collected from various sources to take into account varying types of professionals in the field of digital curation across North America. Position title, institution types and location, educational background, experience, knowledge and skills, and duties were examined and analyzed. The results of the analysis show that digital curation jobs are characterized by a complex interplay of various skills and knowledge. The findings of this study present emerging requirements for a qualified workforce in the field of digital curation.
Competency-Based Approach for Curriculum Development in Digital Curation
Presentation for the Association of Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Annual Conference. This presentation discusses a competency-based approach for curriculum development in digital curation.
Contextual Metadata in Digital Aggregations: Application of Collection-Level Subject Metadata and its Role in User Interactions and Information Retrieval
Article discussing a study of contextual metadata in digital aggregations. Results of this study prove importance of provision of collection-level metadata in general and subject metadata in particular to enhance user experiences and information retrieval in digital libraries.
Copyright and Fair Use: An Issue of Ethics in a Changing Learning Environment
This article discusses copyright issues. Abstract: Copyright infringement is one of the most talked about, yet most misunderstood topics in the curriculum and instructional development areas. The field of copyright protection is fraught with gray areas that undermine an individual's honest ability to discern what might be lawful uses of copyrighted materials. This article begins with a brief history of copyright law in the U.S. and provides examples, references, and discussion of "fair use." Additionally, issues related to the Internet are addressed, including: Web Linking, Framing, Plagiarism, Web-based referencing. Finally, considerations and suggestions for teaching and using ethical practices in the industrial and educational classroom are discussed. Fair use and copyright in educational institutions is largely an ethical issue. Ethics are not dependent on individual's actions. All parties involved must contribute to the ethical nature of an event and must accept both the responsibility for their actions or their non-actions.
Counterfactual Image of Don and Marge 1946
This photograph depicts a couple standing on the sidewalk next to a street. There are buildings in the background and snow along the ground. The couple appears in black and white and the surroundings appear in color. The photographer placed the black and white photograph of the couple taken in 1946 and put it on top of a photograph of the same location taken over 50 years later.
Creating Radioactive MARC Records and Z Queries Using the MARCdocs Database
This document describes how the authors can extend a relational database of MARC documentation to store the appropriate information that will support the automatic generation of the special, diagnostic MARC records the authors will call radioactive MARC (RadMARC) records. The information contained in the database will also support the generation of the Z queries used in the interoperability testing.
Cross-Cultural Training and Success Versus Failure of Expatriates
This article discusses cross-cultural training (CCT) and success versus failure of expatriates. Abstract: The past few decades has seen an explosion in research on expatriates and CCT. There has been controversy and an unending debate on the goals, effectiveness, implementation, and processes of CCT. There are very few reviews that have condensed literature detailing the best practices of CCT. This review also details the success and failure of expatriates. The antecedents or moderators that play a role in the evaluation of success and failure have been outlined in this literature review. It also brings to light certain solutions that will make CCT more effective and provides directions for future research.
Cross-language search: The case of Google Language Tools
This article discusses cross-language search. Abstract: This paper presents a case study of Google Language Tools, especially its cross-language search service. Cross-language search integrates machine translation (MT) and cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) technologies and allows Web users to search and read pages written in languages different from their search terms. In addition to cross-language search, Google Language Tools provides various language support services to multilingual information access. Our study examines the functions of Google Language Tools and the performance of its cross-language search. The results and analysis show that Google Language Tools are useful for Web users. Its cross-language search service provides quality query translation while the automatic translation of result pages needs further improvement. The paper suggests that cross-language search could be used by different types of Web users. The authors also discuss the strategies and important issues with regard to implementing multilingual information access services for information systems.
CTR-NT: A Survey of Local Cataloging Tool and Resource Utilization
This presentation discusses a grant project on Cataloging Tools and Resource: North Texas (CTR-NT). The study aimed to discover the extent and utilization of cataloging tools and resources within technical service departments in the public libraries of the North Texas Regional Library System (NTRLS) and the North East Texas Library System (NETLS).
Current Quality Assurance Practices in Web Archiving
Poster presented at the 2013 Texas Conference on Digital Libraries. This poster discusses research on the current quality assurance practices in the web archiving community.
Data Normalization Procedures on Decomposed MARC 21 Records
In this document, the authors present some aspects of data normalization of the decomposed records to improve the results of analysis. The data normalization processes use pattern-matching techniques to eliminate and/or generalize anomalous characters and terms. Since the unit of analysis in preparing the test dataset of 400,000 MARC 21 records is a "word," there was a need for data normalization to provide reliability in the subsequent analysis.
Decomposing MARC 21 Records for Analysis
This document discusses decomposing MARC 21 records for analysis. To prepare the test dataset of the 1% sample of MARC 21 records from the WorldCat database for use in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed, the authors need to be able to efficiently analyze the records to determine relevant records to be returned for a set of test searches. The first step in that analysis is to determine the occurrence of test search terms in specific records. This document describes the general approach for this analysis and identifies specifications for the analysis.
Developing an Alternative Approach for Interoperability Testing of Library Z39.50 Servers
Paper describing a plan of work to develop and test an alternative approach for interoperability testing. This approach builds on the conceptual and technical infrastructure developed during the Z-Interop Project.
The Development and Assessment of an Instrument for Measuring Mental Model Styles in Korea
This article discusses a research study on the development and assessment of an instrument for measuring mental model styles in Korea. Abstract: This research study documents the development and validation of a new instrument for measuring individual mental model styles. In particular, the instrument is developed for use in organizational performance and change settings. Existing approaches to accessing and assessing mental models are reviewed, and the conclusion is drawn that none are survey-based, quantitative measures useful in organizational settings. Instrument development procedures with an expert panel are described, as well as data collection and analysis. The resulting instrument is provided along with exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis results. Recommendations for further research and establishing continued validity are provided.
Digital Curation and Data Management Capacity Building: Curricula and Workforce
Poster presented at the 2012 ALISE Annual Conference. This poster discusses digital curation and data management capacity building, as part of the iCAMP project.
Digital Curation in the Academic Library Job Market
This paper discusses digital curation in the academic library job market. With the increasingly important role librarians play in the fast-paced and data-intensive digital curation movement, there is a need to identify the qualifications and responsibilities expected by employers. An investigation of 110 recent job advertisements was conducted to identify competencies required of individuals working in the digital curation field. The job ads analysis serves as an important indicator of the emerging requirements for a qualified workforce in the field of digital curation in the academic library job market.
Digital Information Curation for 21st Century Science and Scholarship: Experience-Based Learning for Information Professionals and Disciplinary Researchers
This paper proposes a project on experience-based learning for information professionals and disciplinary researchers. Proposal written for the Institute of Museum and Library Services' (IMLS) Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program.
A DSpace Foundation for a Teaching and Research Commons: The Metadata Education and Research Information Commons
Poster presented at the 2007 International Conference on Open Repositories. This poster discusses the Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC). MERIC originated from an action plan of the Library of Congress and addresses the need to prepare future information professionals to organize and provide access to digital resources.
Educators', Administrators' and Students' Perceptions of Principles of Technology Programs in Pennsylvania
This article discusses educators', administrators' and students' perceptions of principles of technology programs in Pennsylvania. Abstract: This study assesses the Principles of Technology Applied Science high school courses taught in Pennsylvania. Specifically, this study determines: 1) the number of Level I and II Principle of Technology courses taught; 2) teachers', administrators' and students' perceptions toward the Principle of Technology high school curriculum; 3) Principle of Technology teachers' perceptions of student achievement on state outcomes in science and technology; and 4) how Principle of Technology courses are being infused into the existing curriculum. Findings from this study indicate that both administrators, teachers, and students react favorably to the Principle of Technology Applied Science high school courses.
Enhancing Assignment Completion in Academically Diverse Vocational Classes
Abstract: This article describes methods and procedures for (a) planning assignments in vocational settings that will meet the special learning needs of all students in the class and (b) teaching students a self-checking process to evaluate their own work for quality before turning it in to the teacher. In cooperation with Individual Education Plans, the planning component of The Quality Assignment Routine provides vocational special needs educators an additional tool to better facilitate learning in diverse vocational classrooms.
An Evaluation of the Federal Government's Implementation of the Government Information Locator Service (GILS): Final Report
This document reports the results of the evaluation study commissioned in response to the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) Board's request for an assessment of GILS. The study began in September 1996, data collection ended in March 1997, and the final report was completed in June 1997. The goal of the study was to understand how: GILS serves various user groups, GILS improves public access to government information, agencies are progressing with their implementations, and GILS works as a tool for information resources management.