Date: June 15, 1984
Creator: Wilson, Scott R.; Paulson, W. M.; Gregory, R. B.; Hamdi, A. H. & McDaniel, Floyd Del. (Floyd Delbert), 1942-
Description: This article discusses rapid idothermal annealing of As-, P-, and B-implanted silicon. Single-crystal silicon wafers have been implanted with As, P, and B to doses of 1x1013–1x1016/cm2 and given a transient anneal using a Varian IA-200 Rapid Isothermal Annealer. The system uses infrared radiation to heat the wafers to temperatures in excess of 1000 °C for times on the order of 10 sec. Sheet resistance and Hall measurements have been used to determine the effect of the anneal on the electrical properties of the wafers. Rutherford backscattering and secondary ion mass spectroscopy have been used to measure lattice damage and dopant profiles before and after annealing. As and P are lost during the anneal unless the wafer is capped. Complete activation can be achieved with very little dopant diffusion. Residual damage is minimal in (100) oriented wafers that had been implanted with As. However, for (111) wafers damage is less in (111) wafers implanted to doses ≤5.0x1015/cm2. The diffusion of As during this transient anneal has been modeled using a concentration enhanced diffusion coefficient and the wafer temperature profile obtained from an optical pyrometer.
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