Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Hedrich, Mara & Oppong, Joseph R.
Description: This paper discusses research on the geography of viral hepatitis C in Texas from 1992-1999. Abstract: This study examines the relationship between viral hepatitis C (HCV), race, gender, and population density in Texas counties. Previous studies related HCV rates to residence in urban areas, race, and gender as common risk markers. HCV morbidity rates in Texas counties from 1992 to 1999 were obtained from the Department of State Health Services (DSHS). Race, gender, and population density data were extracted from the 2000 U.S. Census. Simple linear regression, Pearson's rank correlation, and Friedman's test were used for the analysis. The results indicated that population density was not a significant indicator of HCV rates, but race and gender were significant. For example, Black males have a much higher risk than White and Hispanic groups. Thus, HCV rates in Texas counties seem to be influenced not by urbanization, but by ethnicity and gender. Previously considered as having low risk for HCV, rural areas in Texas appear to have a higher risk than urban areas. Yet, the latter have been the main focus of previous intervention efforts. New intervention efforts in Texas must focus especially on minorities in rural areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College