Date: October 15, 1987
Creator: Andrews, M. C.; McDaniel, Floyd Del; Duggan, Jerome L.; Miller, P. D.; Pepmiller, P. L.; Krause, H. F. et al
Description: This article discusses L- and M-shell x-ray production. Abstract: L- and M-shell x-ray production cross sections have been measured for thin solid targets of neodymium, gadolinium, holmium, ytterbium, gold and lead by 25-MeV ₆¹²C(q)+ (q=4,5,6) and by 32-MeV ₈¹⁶O(q)+ (q=5,7,8). The cross sections were determined from measurements made with thin targets (less than 2.25 μg/cm2). For projectiles with one or two K-shell vacancies, the target x-ray production cross sections were found to be enhanced over those for projectiles without a K-shell vacancy. The sum of direct ionization to the continuum (DI) plus electron capture (EC) to the L,M,N,... shells and EC to the K shell of the projectile have been extracted from the data. The results are compared to the predictions of first Born theories, i.e., plane-wave Born approximation for DI and Oppenheimer-Brinkman-Kramers formula of Nikolaev for EC, and to the ECPSSR that accounts for energy loss and Coulomb deflection of the projectile as well as for relativistic and perturbed stationary states of inner-shell electrons.
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