Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Parks, Eddie; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: This poster discusses research on perceived stress as a mediator between self-efficacy and depression in persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In persons living with HIV, treatment has shifted towards chronic illness management since the introduction of highly active retroviral therapy. Coping with life threatening illness is stressful. Stress occurs when environmental stressors (e.g., HIV+ stigma) overwhelm an individual's ability to handle them effectively. HIV+ individual's inability to cope with stress is associated with increased depression, and worse treatment outcome (Remien et al., 2006). Thus, coping resources are indispensable for managing stress and depression in the HIV+ community (Remien et al., 2006). Self-efficacy is a perceived feeling of control over a taxing situation. Behaviorally, HIV+ self-efficacious individuals adaptively manage stress (Colodro, Godoy-Izquierdo, & Godoy, 2010). Stress uses resources needed to deal with depression; managing stress may reduce psychological impairment (Scott-Sheldon, Fielder, & Kalichman, 2008). The authors hypothesize that higher self-efficacy is associated with decreased depression, and that stress mediates this relationship. Future longitudinal studies focusing on self-efficacious stress interventions may reduce depression in HIV+ individuals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College