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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Country: Philippines
 Collection: UNT Oral Histories
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Oral History Interview with George E. Fortenberry, September 24, 2003

Oral History Interview with George E. Fortenberry, September 24, 2003

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Date: September 24, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Fortenberry, George E.
Description: Interview with George E. Fortenberry, who is an Army veteran and college professor from Arlington, Texas. In the interview, Fortenberry discusses his experiences in the Southwest Pacific Theatre during his time as a member of the 112th Cavalry of the Texas National Guard during World War II. He also describes what it was like growing up during the Great Depression and attending various different schools in both Texas and Oklahoma. Fortenberry discusses why he decided to join the National Guard, and also his experiences in early basic cavalry training. During much of the interview, Fortenberry reminisces about many of his various assignments and duties while serving in the war. Among these discussed include his assignment as a clerk to the veterinary section, time in Fort Bliss and Fort Clark, his shipment overseas to Noumea in New Caledonia, his transfer to the Medical Detachment as a clerk, and his time in New Britain, New Guinea and the Philippines. Fortenberry also recollects about everyday life in the Southwest Pacific, and includes details on tropical diseases and combat-related psychological problems that many of his comrades suffered through.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Dolphus Compere III, June 9, 2009

Oral History Interview with Dolphus Compere III, June 9, 2009

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Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Hegi, Benjamin P. & Compere, Dolphus E., III
Description: Interview with World War II veteran Dolphus E. Compere III as part of the Tarrant County War Veterans Oral History Project. The interview includes Compere's personal experiences of childhood in Dallas, Texas, medical school at Baylor College of Medicine in Dallas, and interning at the University of Michigan prior to his enlistment in the Army Air Corp as a surgeon with the Third Air Commando Group. Additionally, Compere discusses his experiences in the Philippines providing medical care to military personnel and local civilians, his post-war medical career in Fort Worth, Texas, and his experience of returning a war souvenir, a Japanese ceremonial sword, to its ancestral family. Photographs are included throughout the interview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004

Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004

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Date: November 24, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Garbo, William, Sr.
Description: Interview with landscape architect and Army veteran William Garbo Sr. The interview includes Garbo's personal experiences about the G Troop, 112th Cavalry, in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World-War II, growing up in an Italian-American family in Mississippi during the Great Depression, volunteering for the draft and processing at Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, basic training at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia, being assigned to the 26th War Dog Platoon and to New Guinea in 1944, the Battle of the Driniumor River and his attachment to elements of the 32nd Infantry Division, jungle patrols on New Guinea with his dog, his transfer to Troop, 112th Cavalry and the invasion of Layte, Philippines, and the living condition in the Philippine jungles. Additionally, Garbo speaks about the fighting prowess of his comrades in the 112th Cavalry, jungle patrols on Leyte and Luzon, the 112th's activities around Marungko and Antipolo, Luzon, descriptions of cannibalism by Japanese soldiers, his wounds from artillery shrapnel and evacuation by helicopter, his return to the 112th Cavalry and preparations for the invasion of Japan, witnessing the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, occupation duty at Tateyama, Honshu, relations between Japanese civilians and American occupation troops, the destruction of Japanese defensive fortifications ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

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Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

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Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with George Koury, Jr., April 27, 1972

Oral History Interview with George Koury, Jr., April 27, 1972

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Date: April 27, 1972
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Koury, George, Jr.
Description: Interview with George Koury, Jr., Marine Corps veteran and survivor of the Bataan Death March. The interview includes Koury's personal experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Koury talks about the Fall of Bataan and his capture, the Bataan Death March, Camp O'Donnell, Nichols Field, hell ship to Formosa and to Japan, Prison Camp No. 7, and liberation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harcourt G. Bull, July 31, 1972

Oral History Interview with Harcourt G. Bull, July 31, 1972

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Date: July 31, 1972
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Bull, Harcourt G.
Description: Interview with tax consultant Harcourt G. Bull, Army veteran and survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bull's personal experiences as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II. Bull talks about the Fall of Corregidor and his capture, the Bilibid Prison in 1942, Tanagawa and Zentsuji, Honshu, and liberation. The interview includes an appendix with a notebook and a narrative written by Bull.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

Oral History Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, November 13, 1999

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Date: November 13, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumbling, Warren D.
Description: Interview with Warren D. Crumbling, Army veteran, special agent, and member of the White House Security Detail for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The interview includes Crumbling's personal experiences about education and employment before entering the military, basic training, various assignments, and being appointed to the White House Security Detail at President Lyndon B. Johnson's LBJ Ranch. Additionally, Crumbling talks about relations between the military and civilian law enforcement authorities in San Antonio during World War II, his marriage, his fourth enlistment and assignment to Kobe, Japan, various stateside assignments, his retirement from the Army, President and Mrs. Johnson, and his retirement from the Secret Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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