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 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
The Effects of the Use of English 3200, a Programed Textbook, on Achievement in English Grammar at the Twelfth-Grade Level in a Large Metropolitan High School

The Effects of the Use of English 3200, a Programed Textbook, on Achievement in English Grammar at the Twelfth-Grade Level in a Large Metropolitan High School

Date: August 1965
Creator: Munday, Robert Gwyn, 1934-
Description: The problem of this study m a an analysis of the relationship between a group who received a certain kind of programed instruction in English grammar and a group who received instruction by conventional teaching procedures. The purposes of the study were: 1. To determine the effects of the use of English 3200 on total group performance in achieving an improved understanding of English grammar at the twelfth-grade level. 2. To determine the effects of the programed textbook on sub-group achievement when total groups were divided into three levels according to achievement test scores. 3. To determine the effects of the programed textbook on the progress of the total groups and on the progress of the sub-groups in achieving an improved understanding of English grammar at the twelfth-grade level as measured by tests over individual units within English 3200. 4. To determine the effects of the programed textbook on group performance in the retention of grammar skills. 5. To determine the effects of the programed textbook in improving written composition. 6. To determine the effects of teacher supervision on the progress of the total groups and on the progress of the sub-groups in achieving an improved understanding of English grammar. ...
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The Effects of the Use of the Calculator in Algebra I Classes on Basic Skills Maintenance and Algebra Achievement

The Effects of the Use of the Calculator in Algebra I Classes on Basic Skills Maintenance and Algebra Achievement

Date: December 1989
Creator: Whisenant, Martha A. (Martha Ann)
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were any differences in basic skills maintenance between Algebra I students who used calculators during classroom mathematics instruction and Algebra I students who did not use calculators during classroom mathematics instruction. Another purpose of this study was to determine whether there were any differences in algebra achievement between Algebra I students who used calculators during classroom mathematics instruction and Algebra I students who did not use calculators during classroom mathematics instruction. This study also investigated the effects of the use of the calculator in Algebra I classes on students' attitudes toward mathematics.
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Effects of the Why Try Social Skills Program on Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders at an Alternative Campus

Effects of the Why Try Social Skills Program on Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders at an Alternative Campus

Date: December 2010
Creator: Wilhite, Shannon
Description: Approximately 20% of students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) are sent to an alternative campus for their lack of social competence. Social skills training (SST) is an evidence-based intervention to help increase social competence for students with E/BD, but there is limited research that addresses SST for students with E/BD at alternative campuses. A mixed-methods design was utilized to examine SST at an alternative campus for students with E/BD. Pre-intervention data were collected for students' attendance, grades, office disciplinary referrals, and behavioral rating scales, after which, the Why Try SST program was implemented. Following the intervention, the same type of data were collected. Nonparametric statistics guided the quantitative analysis, because of the small population being studied. Differences from pre- to post-intervention were examined. Triangulation methods drove the qualitative data collection and analysis through observations, student interviews, and teacher interviews. Students exhibited significant differences from pre- to post-intervention in the number of office disciplinary referrals and several areas on the behavioral rating scales. Important insight into motivation and perceptions was gained through the observations and interviews.
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The Effects of Three Conditions Involving Active or Passive Observers Upon Performance of College Females on a Volleyball Overhand Serve Test

The Effects of Three Conditions Involving Active or Passive Observers Upon Performance of College Females on a Volleyball Overhand Serve Test

Date: August 1978
Creator: Ketterer, Patti
Description: The purposes of the study were to determine if college females perform best on the AAHPER Volleyball Serve Test with classmates passively or actively observing, or instructor only actively observing, and to determine which condition was best for high, medium, and low skilled beginners. Subjects were sixty-three college females. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. Conclusions of the investigation were beginners perform better with active than passive observers present; highly skilled beginners perform better with active observers than instructor only present; medium skilled beginners perform better with active observers and instructor only than passive observers present; and low skilled beginners showed no significant difference between conditions.
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The Effects of Three Conditions of Reinforcement on the Performance of Three Learning Tasks by Hospitalized Chronic Schizophrenics

The Effects of Three Conditions of Reinforcement on the Performance of Three Learning Tasks by Hospitalized Chronic Schizophrenics

Date: January 1970
Creator: Carley, John Wesley
Description: This study is concerned with determining the relationship among functional educational level of groups, three types of reinforcement, and length of the study and with their resulting effects on schizophrenic performance.
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The Effects of Three Experimental Presentations on the Acquisition of Vocabulary by Graduate Students

The Effects of Three Experimental Presentations on the Acquisition of Vocabulary by Graduate Students

Date: June 1970
Creator: Brumbach, Virginia Whitcomb
Description: The first purpose of this study was to ascertain the gains in vocabulary of three selected groups of graduate students presented material by different methods: audio, visual, and audio-visual. The second purpose of this study was to determine whether these gains were maintained after a lapse of time of four weeks.
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Effects of Three Interventions with International College Students Referred for Adjustment and Language Difficulties: A Preliminary Study

Effects of Three Interventions with International College Students Referred for Adjustment and Language Difficulties: A Preliminary Study

Date: May 2007
Creator: Lee, Eunah Kim
Description: This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of three interventions with international college students referred for adjustment and language difficulties. Fifty-four international students were assigned to treatment groups including expressive group counseling (n = 14), group speech therapy (n = 14), interdisciplinary counseling/speech intervention (n = 13), and the no treatment control (n = 13). Three null hypotheses were analyzed using a two factor repeated measures analysis of variance to determine whether the four treatment groups behaved differently across time according to pre- and posttest results of the ASR Total and Internalizing Problems scales and the CCSR total scores. Two null hypotheses were rejected at the alpha .05 level of statistical significance with large treatment effects. Post hoc analyses were conducted when a statistically significant interaction effect was found. The no treatment control group was established as a baseline to examine how each intervention group performed over time when compared to the no treatment control group. Results of the post hoc analysis for Total Problems indicated that international students in all three treatment groups demonstrated statistically significant improvements in total behavior problems at the alpha .025 level (Expressive counseling: p = .002, Speech: p = .01, and Interdisciplinary: p = .003) ...
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The Effects of Three Methods of Practice on Improving the Performance of a Modified Free-Throw by Sixth Grade Girls

The Effects of Three Methods of Practice on Improving the Performance of a Modified Free-Throw by Sixth Grade Girls

Date: August 1971
Creator: Pruner, Sherry W.
Description: This investigation is concerned with the problem of determining the effects of three kinds of practice (mental-physical, distributive, and physical) on improving the performance of the Modified Free-Throw. In addition, this study investigates whether or not any one of the practice methods used was superior to the others.
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The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

Date: June 1970
Creator: Hampton, Gary Wade
Description: This study was designed to investigate the relative effects of selected physical education activities upon four components of physical well-being of college men. This study was intended to determine if changes occur in endurance, flexibility, balance, and agility by groups participating in either apparatus gymnastics, wrestling or swimming.
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Effects of Time Spent on Computer-Assisted Instruction on Attitudes of Sixth Grade Students Toward Computers

Effects of Time Spent on Computer-Assisted Instruction on Attitudes of Sixth Grade Students Toward Computers

Date: December 1987
Creator: Campbell, Penny Renae
Description: The purposes of this study were threefold: (1) to examine the effects of time spent on CAI on student attitudes, (2) to examine the effects of time spent on CAI among ability groups, and (3) to determine whether initial attitudes would be maintained throughout a school year, and if not, determine variables associated with an attitude shift.
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The Effects of Trade Liberalization Policies on Human Development in Selected Least Developed Countries

The Effects of Trade Liberalization Policies on Human Development in Selected Least Developed Countries

Date: December 2006
Creator: Ray, Elizabeth Thompson
Description: This dissertation examines the effects of trade liberalization policies (represented by membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization on selected Least Developed Countries' (LDCs) human development (represented by the Human Development Index). In this dissertation, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies are theorized to have two distinct types of effects: their direct effect and their indirect effect. Two questions are focused on: first, what is the effect (total, direct and indirect) of WTO policies on human development for selected LDCs? Second, what is the effect (total, direct and indirect) of WTO policies on human development for selected developing/developed countries (i.e. non-LDCs) holding economic development constant? Using the dependency theory of development as a theoretical basis, this dissertation examines the assumptions of modernization-theory-based policies as expressed in trade liberalization policies (i.e. the implementation of comparative advantage and now market fundamentalism) with world-system analysis techniques. To examine these questions, four panel regression models are constructed to measure the total, direct and indirect effects of WTO policies during the near-term (1998-2003) and during a longer historical term (1975-2000). The data for the analyses are taken from seven different sources of international data. ...
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The Effects of Traditional Report Cards Upon the Grading of students of South Park Elementary School, Beaumont, Texas

The Effects of Traditional Report Cards Upon the Grading of students of South Park Elementary School, Beaumont, Texas

Date: August 1938
Creator: Hackler, Vivien
Description: In this study, the writer has attempted to judge the effects of different types of report cards upon the accuracy of the teachers' grades of South Park Elementary School. The data used in this study, is located in Beaumont, Texas.
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Effects of Training Accurate Component Strokes Using Response Constraint and Self-evaluation on Whole Letter Writing.

Effects of Training Accurate Component Strokes Using Response Constraint and Self-evaluation on Whole Letter Writing.

Date: December 2006
Creator: Cline, Tammy Lynn
Description: This study analyzed the effects of a training package containing response constraint, self-evaluation, reinforcement, and a fading procedure on written letter components and whole letter writing in four elementary school participants. The effect on accuracy of written components was evaluated using a multiple-baseline-across components and a continuous probe design of components, as well as pre-test, baseline, and post-test measures. The results of this study show that response constraint and self-evaluation quickly improved students' performance in writing components. Fading of the intervention was achieved quickly and performance maintained. Results also show that improvement in component writing improved whole letter and full name writing and letter reversals in the presence of a model were corrected.
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The Effects of Training History on Retention and Reacquisition of Stimulus Control

The Effects of Training History on Retention and Reacquisition of Stimulus Control

Date: August 2013
Creator: Tucker, Kathryn Lynn
Description: The purpose of this experiment was to study the effects of training history on retention and re-acquisition of stimulus control of previously learned behaviors. In Phase I, two pairs of behaviors were alternately trained. Circle and touch behaviors were trained concurrently until two consecutive errorless sessions were run. Spin and down behaviors were trained together in the same manner. Probe sessions, in which all four cues were presented, were conducted each time a pair of behaviors reached this criterion. Training of one pair did not occur until the other pair had reached criterion and probe sessions were run. Despite achieving the designated criterion during training, stimulus control changed during probes. During probe sessions, errors increased under the cues that were not currently being trained. In most cases, the type of errors emitted for each cue was the same as the behavior that was trained concurrently. The number of training sessions required to reach criterion accuracy was high during the first set of sessions and decreased over the course of the experiment. In Phase II, spin and circle behaviors were trained concurrently. The number of sessions required to reach stimulus control criteria remained low, and the number of errors emitted under ...
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The Effects of Training in Interaction Analysis on Teachers' Interpersonal Behavior

The Effects of Training in Interaction Analysis on Teachers' Interpersonal Behavior

Date: August 1970
Creator: Buckner, John Wordy
Description: The specific purposes investigated were to ascertain the effect of training in interaction analysis upon the levels of 1. accurate empathy in teachers, 2. nonpossissive warmth in teachers, 3. genuineness in teachers, and 4. an analysis of the relationship between interaction analysis and the interpersonal behavior of the classroom teacher in view of its implications in teacher education.
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The Effects of Transition From the Sixth to the Seventh Grade Upon Student Status, Attitude, and Achievement

The Effects of Transition From the Sixth to the Seventh Grade Upon Student Status, Attitude, and Achievement

Date: May 1969
Creator: Myers, Eddie Earl
Description: The problem of this study is the effect of movement from the sixth grade to the seventh grade upon student social status, attitude toward school, and achievement.
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Effects of Triclosan, Triclocarban, and Caffeine Exposure on the Development of Amphibian Larvae.

Effects of Triclosan, Triclocarban, and Caffeine Exposure on the Development of Amphibian Larvae.

Date: August 2009
Creator: Palenske, Nicole Marie
Description: Triclosan and triclocarban are antimicrobials found in numerous consumer products, while caffeine is the most commonly consumed stimulant by humans. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of triclosan, triclocarban, and caffeine on the development and physiology of amphibian larvae. LC50 values of triclosan and triclocarban were determined after 96 hours for three North American larval species: Acris crepitans blanchardii, Bufo woodhousii woodhousii, Rana sphenocephala, and for a common amphibian developmental model: Xenopus laevis. Amphibian larvae were most sensitive to triclosan and triclocarban exposure during early development based upon 96-hour LC50 values. Heart rates for X. laevis and North American larvae exposed to triclosan were variable throughout development. However, significantly lower heart rates were observed in all larvae exposed to triclocarban. Metabolic rates of X. laevis and R. sphenocephala larvae exposed to triclosan were significantly affected in larvae exposed to ½ LC50 and the LC50 concentration. Metabolic rates of X. laevis larvae exposed to triclocarban were significantly affected by exposure to ½ LC50 concentrations in three of four stages investigated. No significant differences were observed in North American larvae exposed to triclocarban. Tissue uptake, lipid uptake, tissue bioconcentration factor (BCF) and lipid BCF of triclosan and triclocarban were investigated ...
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Effects of Turbidity on Gilling Rates and Oxygen Consumption on Green Sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus

Effects of Turbidity on Gilling Rates and Oxygen Consumption on Green Sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus

Date: May 1974
Creator: Horkel, John Duane
Description: Laboratory studies conducted at 5, 15, 25, and 35 C measured changes in gilling rates and oxygen consumption of green sunfish in response to exposure to bentonite clay suspensions. The tests indicate that gilling rates are not affected by bentonite clay suspensions below 2125 FTU at 5 C, 1012 FTU at 15 C, and 898 FTU at 25 C. At turbidity levels exceeding 1012 FTU at 15 C and 898 at 25 C, gilling rates increased 50-70%. Tests were inconclusive at 35 C. Oxygen consumption rates were found to be unaffected by turbid suspensions below 3500 FTU at all four temperatures. Evidence suggests that increased gilling rates under highly turbid conditions are a means of compensating for reduced respiratory efficiency and a strategy for maintaining a constant oxygen uptake. Evidence indicates that the cost of increased gilling rates is probably met by a reduction in activity.
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The Effects of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon the Oral Language Development of First Grade Pupils

The Effects of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon the Oral Language Development of First Grade Pupils

Date: January 1966
Creator: Giles, Douglas Elbert, 1932-
Description: The problem of this study was to compare the relative gains made in the development of oral language skills in two groups of first grade pupils when two different approaches to beginning reading instruction were used. The two approaches were: (a) the language experience approach, Approach A, and (b) the traditional basal reader approach, Approach B. The six aspects of oral language development considered were: extent of verbalization, spoken vocabulary, expressions of tentativeness, use of structural patterns, colorful and vivid expressions, and use of mazes.
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The Effects of Two Different Types of Background Music on Bowling Scores and Attitudes

The Effects of Two Different Types of Background Music on Bowling Scores and Attitudes

Date: August 1981
Creator: Beasley, Tom S.
Description: None
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The Effects of Two Extrinsic Incentives on the Classroom Success of Disadvantaged Middle-School Students

The Effects of Two Extrinsic Incentives on the Classroom Success of Disadvantaged Middle-School Students

Date: August 1973
Creator: Ward, Gerald W.
Description: None
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The Effects of Two Methods of Training on Arm Strength

The Effects of Two Methods of Training on Arm Strength

Date: August 1966
Creator: Thompson, Charles J.
Description: A study was made to investigate the relative effectiveness of two methods of training on the development of arm strength. The purposes of the study included the following: 1. To determine functional arm strength of male students enrolled in physical education classes selected for the study. 2. To conduct specific exercise programs in each of the selected classes. 3. To determine the relative effectiveness of the selected programs in developing arm strength.
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The Effects of Two Types of Consequence Delivery on Task Acquisition.

The Effects of Two Types of Consequence Delivery on Task Acquisition.

Date: August 2005
Creator: Jenkins, Juliet
Description: The effects of two consequence delivery methods on task acquisition were evaluated within a multi-element design. A typical 3 year-old child and a 4 year-old child with autism participated in this study. The task for both children was to select a picture after the experimenter said its name. The consequence in one condition consisted of the experimenter handing the edible item to the children. The consequence in the other condition consisted of the children retrieving the edible item directly from the apparatus, located in a crevice underneath each picture. Results show slightly quicker acquisition in the condition where children retrieved the edible consequence. However, it is possible that other variables had greater influence on the task acquisition.
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The Effects of Two Types of Group Counseling Procedures with Junior College Students

The Effects of Two Types of Group Counseling Procedures with Junior College Students

Date: August 1971
Creator: West, William George
Description: The problem with which this investigation was concerned was to measure personal adjustment, emotional adjustment, home adjustment, and self-concept changes that took place in junior college students as a result of one-counselor group counseling and male-and-female co-counselor group counseling. The rationale for male-and-female co-counselor group counseling relied on the formation of a simulated family in which individuals could socialize their feelings.
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