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 Degree Discipline: Home Economics
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
The Effects of Maternal Employment Status on the Evening Meals of Adolescents

The Effects of Maternal Employment Status on the Evening Meals of Adolescents

Date: August 1987
Creator: Hebert, Karen A. Fleischman (Karen Ann Fleischman)
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal employment contributed to the general inadequacy of the adolescent's evening meal, and to examine the attitudes of adolescents regarding the mother's role in evening meal preparation. A questionnaire was administered to 1180 high school students in a suburban area of Dallas-Ft.Worth in May, 1987. The hypotheses were tested using Chi square, Pearson product moment correlation, and Anova. Results indicated that maternal employment affects adolescent evening meals in the number of meals offered per week, fully prepared by mother, and eaten away from home. The amount of adolescent participation in meal preparation was higher for the employed group. Attitudes are different between the sexes and those with employed and unemployed mothers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Evening Meal Patterns and Meal Management Decisions in Families of Employed and Nonemployed Mothers

Evening Meal Patterns and Meal Management Decisions in Families of Employed and Nonemployed Mothers

Date: August 1986
Creator: Stubbs, Rochelle L. (Rochelle Lundberg)
Description: The purpose of this research was to determine if evening meal patterns and meal management decisions are related to the marital and employment status of mothers. Two hundred eighty-two usable questionnaires were completed by mothers who attended elementary school parent-teacher meetings in a suburban city in North Texas. The questionnaire gathered data about family demographics, family evening meal patterns, and factors affecting meal management decisions. Little difference was found between meal patterns of employed and nonemployed mothers in single and two-parent households. Factors found to affect meal pattern decisions were values, traditions, time, energy, nutrition, and family influence. A traditional family evening meal was important to the families studied.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Effects of Oat Fiber and Corn Bran on Blood Serum Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels

The Effects of Oat Fiber and Corn Bran on Blood Serum Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels

Date: August 1985
Creator: Broeder, Craig E. (Craig Elliot)
Description: Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly placed in five groups with eight rats per group. Each group varied in dietary composition for fiber type and carbohydrate source. Groups one and two received oat fiber and either sucrose or corn starch as the carbohydrate source. Groups three and four received corn bran as the fiber source and either sucrose or corn starch as the carbohydrate source. Group five (considered the control group), received Purina standard rat chow. Analysis of variance showed only significant differences for food intake, and the control group had a significantly higher food intake. Weight gain, serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels showed no significant differences.
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The Effect of Maternal Employment on the Sex Role Orientation of Adolescents

The Effect of Maternal Employment on the Sex Role Orientation of Adolescents

Date: August 1984
Creator: Gardner, Kaye E.
Description: The sex-role orientation was determined for 352 high school seniors in Plano, Texas. Using maternal employment status as the independent variable, the students were divided according to full-time employed mothers or full-time homemaker mothers. Results indicated that adolescents of employed mothers had a more liberal sex-role orientation and attitude towards the division of household tasks than adolescents of homemaker mothers. When male and female scores were analyzed separately, the order from most liberal to least liberal was females of employed mothers, females of homemaker mothers, males of employed mothers, and males of homemaker mothers. The mean scores indicated a nontraditional attitude. The study also indicated that maternal happiness with employment did not affect male and female sex-role orientation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
An Investigation of Food Patterns and Defecation Habits of Texas Latter-Day Saint Adult Males

An Investigation of Food Patterns and Defecation Habits of Texas Latter-Day Saint Adult Males

Date: December 1983
Creator: Gaddy, Gail
Description: The objective of this study was to investigate food consumption frequency patterns, defecation habits, and incidence of disease states associated with colon cancer by active LDS adult males, residing in Texas, which may help explain the lower incidence of colon cancer observed in the religious group. To accomplish this objective, a sample of 50 was randomly selected and administered a questionnaire, designed to gather information covering personal and demographic characteristics, defecation habits, incidence of associated disease states, and frequency of consumption of 132 selected foods. Data was analyzed by comparison of percentages, means, and frequencies, and a Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Results reported LDS males chose a wide variety of foods with a high frequency of fruits, vegetables, and cereals. A low incidence of problems associated with colon cancer and "western" or refined diets was also reported. Defecation habits were more frequent than general population and compared favorably to another low-risk population, rural Scandinavians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Adolescents' Attitudes Toward Mate Selection

Adolescents' Attitudes Toward Mate Selection

Date: December 1982
Creator: Curtner, Mary Elizabeth
Description: This study investigated the attitudes of sixty-four adolescents who completed an instrument designed to measure attitudes toward factors which influence mate selection. The hypotheses examined attitudes toward mate selection and gender, socioeconomic status, educational goals, family structure, and preferred age at marriage. The data were analyzed by calculating percentages and mean scores. The analysis of data revealed that adolescents valued personality-oriented characteristics as the most important characteristics desired in a mate; males and females held different values for certain factors; adolescents from various socioeconomic levels held different values for certain factors; adolescents with different educational goals, and adolescents residing in various family structures held similar values for each factor; and adolescents with various preferences for age at marriage held different values for certain factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Effects of a High School Teaching Unit on Adolescent Self-Esteem

The Effects of a High School Teaching Unit on Adolescent Self-Esteem

Date: December 1982
Creator: Tatum, Carol Baskin
Description: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a teaching unit for improving self-esteem in high school students. To measure the level of self-esteem, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was chosen. The data were compiled from twenty-one high school students in a rural Texas high school. The female level of self-esteem was significantly lower than the male self-esteem level prior to studying the class unit. There were no significant differences in levels of self-esteem on the pretest and post test, although there was a slight improvement in the female level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Employee Attitudes Toward Shoplifting

Employee Attitudes Toward Shoplifting

Date: December 1982
Creator: Railsback, Crystal
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of retail sales personnel toward shoplifting as well as toward procedures and devices designed to minimize shoplifting. The study also sought to examine employees' recall of training in regard to shoplifting and its prevention. It was concluded that most of the employees are aware of the high cost of shoplifting to retail stores. The majority of the employees do not define shoplifting in terms of the value of the merchandise taken. Uniformed guards, locked display cases and electronic article surveillance devices were ranked high in terms of effectiveness as shoplifting prevention devices. The majority of employees reported they had received training to prevent shoplifting but also indicated they desired more training in certain areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Analysis of the Housing Status of the Elderly

Analysis of the Housing Status of the Elderly

Date: August 1982
Creator: Astler, Char Rae Long
Description: Quality of housing was examined in relation to living arrangement, race, socioeconomic status, age, gender, income, health, and renter-owner status. There appeared to be differences in housing quality for those of younger ages, females, and owners. White subjects occupied good quality housing while Blacks occupied fair quality housing. Proportion of income allocated to housing was examined by renter-owner status, race, gender and living arrangement. Renters allocated an average of 34 per cent compared to 17 per cent for owners. Females living alone occupied good quality housing, committed the highest proportion of income to housing, and one-third had incomes below the poverty threshold while two-thirds were near poverty. Subjects allocated more for utilities than others over sixty-five, nationally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Factors Determining the Extent of Father Involvement in Infant Caretaking Activities

Factors Determining the Extent of Father Involvement in Infant Caretaking Activities

Date: August 1982
Creator: Owen, Susan Snyder
Description: This study is an investigation of factors which determine father involvement in infant caretaking activities. Concerns involved fathers' past parental relationships, fathers' preparation for childbirth, sex of the infant, complexity of the caretaking task, fathers' participation in childbirth, fathers' desire for a male or female infant, and amount of early physical contact between father and infant. Data indicated significant relationships between father participation and the sex of the child, complexity of the caretaking activity, and amount of early physical contact between the father and infant. Data indicated no significant relationships between father participation and fathers' past parental relationships, fathers' preparation for childbirth, fathers' participation in childbirth, and fathers' desires for a male or female infant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Factors Influencing the Selection of Apparel Worn to Work by Women in the Dallas-Forth Worth Metroplex

Factors Influencing the Selection of Apparel Worn to Work by Women in the Dallas-Forth Worth Metroplex

Date: August 1982
Creator: Russell, Jean, 1958-
Description: This study investigated factors influencing the selection of apparel worn to work by women who attended fashion and wardrobe seminars in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Clothing selection factors were analyzed by computer according to age, marital status, work status and education. The majority most frequently wore suits and separates to work. Single participants preferred separates. Most wore sizes considered average. Respondents most frequently purchased apparel from department stores. Brand name and designer apparel were occasionally purchased. Though interested, few respondents had taken advantage of personal consultant services. It was recommended that retailers make wardrobe services known to the public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Male High School Students' Perceptions of the Child Development Course and Father Role

Male High School Students' Perceptions of the Child Development Course and Father Role

Date: August 1982
Creator: Moody, Ralphanne C. (Ralphanne Carter)
Description: This study analyzed male high school students' perceptions of the child development course and father role. A two-part questionnaire was administered to 192 males. In Part I, descriptive statistics determined that more males would enroll in child development if the female-oriented image was changed, if they knew more about the course, and if their friends enrolled. In Part II, a t-test was used to analyze the results of the FRO. Six hypotheses examined the perceptions of males with and without parent training toward father roles of nurturing, problem solver, provider, societal model, recreational, and total scores of both groups. Results indicated males without parent training had a more traditional view toward the problem-solver role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Effect of Home Economics Child Development Education on Disciplinary Techniques Used by Parents of Kindergarten Children

The Effect of Home Economics Child Development Education on Disciplinary Techniques Used by Parents of Kindergarten Children

Date: December 1981
Creator: Parker, Helen Jean
Description: To determine if home economics child development education affected disciplinary techniques used by parents of kindergarten children, 298 parents of kindergarten children completed an eleven-part questionnaire. Comparisons were made of disciplinary techniques used, five categories of child development education, and five levels of education. Educational level appeared to affect parental disciplinary techniques more than child development education. As educational level increased, the use of punitive and reasoning techniques, the use of sources for learned disciplinary techniques, and parental reaction to stress concerning discipline all increased. It is suggested that parental expectations increased as educational level increased. Frustration with disciplining increased punitiveness and reaction to stress. Educational skills encouraged adoption of disciplinary sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Knowledge Level of Sales Personnel Employed by a Ladies' Apparel Manufacturer in Dallas, Texas, and the Need for Training

Knowledge Level of Sales Personnel Employed by a Ladies' Apparel Manufacturer in Dallas, Texas, and the Need for Training

Date: August 1981
Creator: Smith, Lucy (Lucy Ann)
Description: The purposes of this study were to measure and compare the knowledge level of sales personnel employed by a ladies' apparel manufacturer and to examine the need for a training program for sales managers, sales secretaries, and sales representatives. The data were gathered through a four-part questionnaire developed by the researcher. Sales personnel were rated as having low, medium, or high knowledge. The majority rated as having medium knowledge. No significant differences in knowledge level were evident relative to sales position or length of employment. Training needs tended to have little variance among respondents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Selected Clothing Buying Practices of High School Girls in Carrollton, Texas

Selected Clothing Buying Practices of High School Girls in Carrollton, Texas

Date: December 1979
Creator: Cook, Tanya Cantrell
Description: The purpose of the study was to explore specific buying practices of teenage girls and to determine the influence of age and employment on shopping patterns. The buying practices investigated included use of credit, apparel purchase price, purchasing of reduced merchandise, brand name preferences, utilization of store personnel and stores patronized. The data were collected by questionnaires administered to 205 high school girls in grades 9 through 12 enrolled in the two public high schools in Carrollton, Texas. Chi square tests of independence were computed along with descriptive statistics. Buying patterns of Carrollton teenagers were found to be similar to girls in other areas of the United States. A positive correlation was found between shopping patterns and student age and employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Appropriate Business Appearance for Women in Retailing

Appropriate Business Appearance for Women in Retailing

Date: August 1979
Creator: Stengel, Roxanne
Description: This study was conducted to investigate the importance of dress in the implementation of hiring, promotion, and termination practices among female retail executives in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. Appropriate interview and on-the-job dress for department and specialty store executives was studied. A questionnaire was used to obtain information from retail executives. Based on the data obtained, it was found that appropriate business dress was indeed important for female retail executives. Skirt suits or skirt and vest ensembles were considered most acceptable by the executives surveyed, both for interview and on-the-job situations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Descriptive Study of Sexual Child Abuse in Texas

A Descriptive Study of Sexual Child Abuse in Texas

Date: August 1979
Creator: Mitchell, Josephine G.
Description: Validated reports of sexually abused children from 1975 through 1977 were examined. Considered were the victim's age, sex, ethnic group, type of abuse, living arrangement, and relationship to perpetrator. Basic sources of data were the Texas Department of Human Resources' CANRIS reports and the U.S. Bureau of the Census population estimates. Validated sexual abuse consistently ranked third in physical abuse type and more than doubled between 1975 and 1977. Victims' mean age decreased each year and most were eleven years or over. Most sexual child abuse victims in Texas were of the Anglo ethnic group, living in their own home, and victimized by a parent. More than 85 per cent were female. Further research was recommended.
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Young Married Couples' Attitudes Toward Children

Young Married Couples' Attitudes Toward Children

Date: August 1979
Creator: Southerland, Gayle
Description: This study investigated the relationship of certain independent variables and young married couples' attitudes toward children. Church leaders in Plano, Texas, administered the Hereford Parent Attitude Survey to couples from their churches. Ninety-seven subjects comprised the main sample group. The data were analyzed using t-tests and f-tests. Women had more positive attitudes toward children than men. Parents had more positive attitudes than childless subjects. Childless subjects who plan to have children had more positive attitudes toward children than subjects who did not plan to have children or who were not sure. Income level was related to confidence in parenting. Age and sex of children and education level were not related to attitudes toward children. Based on these findings, recommendations were made for future research and education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Child Development Knowledge of 4-H Club Members and Non-4-H Club Members

Child Development Knowledge of 4-H Club Members and Non-4-H Club Members

Date: May 1979
Creator: Anderson, Jean Foster
Description: This thesis looks at child development based on membership in 4-H clubs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Child Development Knowledge of Adolescents

Child Development Knowledge of Adolescents

Date: May 1979
Creator: Harrison, Cheryl
Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescent knowledge of physical, mental, social, and emotional development of babies and young children. The study was concerned with the effects of the following factors on adolescent knowledge of child development; geographic location, family size, ordinal position, and years of homemaking classes in school. Questionnaires were administered to 200 homemaking students in high schools in Parker and Tarrant counties. The only factor significant at the .05 level in affecting.adolescent knowledge was geographic location. Students from rural high schools obtained higher overall child development knowledge scores than students from urban high schools. Further research to compare the knowledge of students not enrolled in homemaking classes to the knowledge of students enrolled in homemaking classes is recommended.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Clothing Preferences of Large-Size Women Who Shop in Large-Size Specialty Stores in the North Dallas Area

Clothing Preferences of Large-Size Women Who Shop in Large-Size Specialty Stores in the North Dallas Area

Date: May 1979
Creator: Meriwether, Judith
Description: This study investigated the clothing preferences of large-size women who shopped in selected large-size specialty stores in North Dallas. Questions were asked regarding the respondents' age, employment, income, dress size and degree of fashion-consciousness. Also investigated were preferences regarding apparel and shopping sources. A questionnaire was used to obtain the desired information. Based on the data obtained, it was found that large-size women have certain preferences concerning the clothing they purchase and the sources they shop.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
A Comparison of 4-H Youths' and Their Parents' Attitudes Concerning 4-H Competitive Events

A Comparison of 4-H Youths' and Their Parents' Attitudes Concerning 4-H Competitive Events

Date: May 1979
Creator: Sanders, Renee C.
Description: The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes of 4-H youths and their parents concerning 4-H competitiveness. The sample was composed of seventy-nine 4-H youths and their parents from three North Texas Counties. The instruments, which consisted of an "Opinionnaire for Parents" and an "Opinionnaire for 4-H'ers," were designed to obtain the 4-H'ers' and parents' attitudes about 4-H competition. The study revealed no significant difference in competitive attitudes between 4-H youths' and their parents' or between younger and older 4-H'ers. 4-H boys were found to have more competitive attitudes than 4-H girls. No significant relationship was found between parents' level of competitiveness and length of 4-H service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Significance of Male Participation in Home Economics Programs in Public Schools

The Significance of Male Participation in Home Economics Programs in Public Schools

Date: May 1979
Creator: Yovonie-Tijani, Rosaline S.
Description: This investigation is to determine the extent of male participation in home economics courses in public schools. Related questionnaires were completed by participants and results tabulated. It was determined that the student's own interest, and their perception of how homemaking will help later are influencing factors for enrollment in homemaking classes. Food preparation, getting along with others, grooming, clothing selection and construction and using new equipment properly are areas of interest to male students. The belief that homemaking is for girls, and the lack of interest in the content and activities of homemaking classes account for the low male participation. Community understanding, friendly attitudes of counselors, a well equipped department, and practical homemaking courses could attract more male participation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Teenagers' Attitudes Toward Early Parenting

Teenagers' Attitudes Toward Early Parenting

Date: December 1978
Creator: Reynolds-Hromadka, Johnny Sue.
Description: The problem of this study was to determine the attitudes of teenagers toward early parenting. A fifty-two item questionnaire was given to 253 students enrolled in Homemaking I, Homemaking II, or Home and Family Living classes. Data are reported in five sections: teenagers' (1) attitudes about early parenting, (2) perceptions of child abuse and neglect, (3) beliefs about disciplining and punishment, (4) preparation for parenting skills, and (5) attitudes toward parenting education classes. Different results were obtained on measures of race, sex, and grade levels. Very few differences in attitudes were identified between ethnic groups and grade levels. Males and females differed in attitudes toward birth control and parenting tasks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
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