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Juvenile Justice Sentencing: Are There Alternatives?

Juvenile Justice Sentencing: Are There Alternatives?

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Date: December 2000
Creator: Youngblood, Michelle K.
Description: Research indicates that states have implemented juvenile justice reforms to enact harsher punishments, to transfer greater numbers and younger juvenile offenders to adult criminal court, and to restrict discretion of the juvenile court judges. Social science studies have found that harsher punishments, transfers to adult criminal court and other measures do not work, but that comprehensive approaches which address the numerous major factors contributing to juvenile offending have been successful. This study examined the legal status of the juvenile justice system by focusing upon ten diverse sample states and analyzed the social science research on factors contributing to juvenile offending and on prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation approaches. The study was accomplished by legal research, qualitative social science research, and analysis of both. Findings indicated: a) state statutes require and allow adult punishment of juvenile offenders, transfer of juvenile offenders to adult criminal court, and direct filing of charges against juveniles in adult criminal court; most states begin these proceedings at age 14, some have no age minimum; b) social science research indicates numerous factors contribute to juvenile offending with most of the factors categorized into the major factors of early antisocial behavior, deviant peers, parents and family, sociomoral reasoning, biological ...
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Juvenile Substance Abuse and Criminal Career Continuity

Juvenile Substance Abuse and Criminal Career Continuity

Date: August 2000
Creator: Langsam, Adam H.
Description: The issue of juvenile drug abuse and criminal career continuity has become a nationwide concern in the last 3 decades. Social scientists and policymakers alike are concerned with the plausible relationship between juvenile drug abuse and adult crimes of high seriousness. This study represents an effort to examine the connection between juvenile drug abuse and criminal career continuity. This study has been conducted to examine the life course of the individual. The data came from Lyle Shannon's longitudinal study of the relationship between juvenile delinquency and adult crime in three birth cohorts from the city of Racine, Wisconsin The traditional social control approach toward reducing the likelihood of criminal career continuity is deterrence. The deterrence model asserts that people engage in certain kinds of behavior only after rational calculation of the costs versus the benefits. People who obey the law strive for the rewards of conformity and try to avoid the costs of criminal behavior. The threat of punishment increases the potential costs of breaking the law. Punishment is one sanction inducing such compliance. It must be realized, however, that deterrence does not have a linear effect across all types of offenders. The degree of deterrent effect on future criminal ...
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Juvenile Waiver to Adult Criminal Courts: a Prototypical Analysis of Dangerousness, Sophistication-Maturity, and Amenability to Treatment

Juvenile Waiver to Adult Criminal Courts: a Prototypical Analysis of Dangerousness, Sophistication-Maturity, and Amenability to Treatment

Date: August 1998
Creator: Salekin, Randall T. (Randall Todd)
Description: Psychological assessment ofjuveniles being considered for waiver to adult criminal courts often requires systematic evaluation of dangerousness, maturity-sophistication, and amenability to treatment (ATX). Despite the importance of these constructs to the evaluation of juveniles, little is known about the criteria that constitute these three constructs. This study was designed to assist in clarifying the constructs of dangerousness, maturity-sophistication, and ATX that typically guide juvenile transfers. Generally, prototypicality ratings were aligned with the current literature on dangerousness, sophistication-maturity, and ATX.
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Kalman Filtering Approach to Optimize OFDM Data Rate

Kalman Filtering Approach to Optimize OFDM Data Rate

Date: August 2011
Creator: Wunnava, Sashi Prabha
Description: This study is based on applying a non-linear mapping method, here the unscented Kalman filter; to estimate and optimize data rate resulting from the arrival rate having a Poisson distribution in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission system. OFDM is an emerging multi-carrier modulation scheme. With the growing need for quality of service in wireless communications, it is highly necessary to optimize resources in such a way that the overall performance of the system models should rise while keeping in mind the objective to achieve high data rate and efficient spectral methods in the near future. In this study, the results from the OFDM-TDMA transmission system have been used to apply cross-layer optimization between layers so as to treat different resources between layers simultaneously. The main controller manages the transmission of data between layers using the multicarrier modulation techniques. The unscented Kalman filter is used here to perform nonlinear mapping by estimating and optimizing the data rate, which result from the arrival rate having a Poisson distribution.
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Katherine Anne Porter's Fiction : Man in a Falling World

Katherine Anne Porter's Fiction : Man in a Falling World

Date: August 1968
Creator: Ferguson, Susan Margaret
Description: This thesis argues that Katherine Anne Porter's novel, Ship of Fools, "is not a departure from the body of Porter's work which precedes it, but a culmination in theme and technical achievement."
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The Kentucky Resolutions : A Re-examination

The Kentucky Resolutions : A Re-examination

Date: August 1966
Creator: Morris, C. Gwin
Description: To obtain the most complete picture of the Kentucky Resolutions, and the times which produced them, a careful study was made of contemporary newspapers for the period from March, 1798, to December, 1799.
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Ketene Carbodiimide Cycloadditions

Ketene Carbodiimide Cycloadditions

Date: August 1970
Creator: Dorsey, Edwin Darrell
Description: It was proposed to study the cycloaddition of ketenes and carbodiimides in some detail. The first objective was to investigate the general applicability of the reaction as a tool for the synthetic organic chemist in the preparation of a new class of substituted β-lactams; i.e., imino-β-lactams. It was proposed for this part of the research problem to look for the intermediate, either directly or indirectly, by trapping experiments. It was further proposed to study substituent effects in the ketene and carbodiimide and also Investigate the effect of solvent polarity on the reaction rate. From these data, it was hoped that the mechanism of the cycloaddition reaction could be elucidated.
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Ketene Reactions: I. The Addition of Acid Chlorides to Dimethylketene ; II. The Cycloaddition of Ketenes to Carbonyl Compounds

Ketene Reactions: I. The Addition of Acid Chlorides to Dimethylketene ; II. The Cycloaddition of Ketenes to Carbonyl Compounds

Date: December 1970
Creator: Smith, Larry
Description: Part I describes the addition of several acid chlorides to dimethylketene. The resulting 3-ketoacid chlorides were isolated and characterized. Part II describes the cycloaddition of several aldoketenes to chloral. The ketenes were generated in situ by dehydrohalogenation and dehalogenation of appropriately substituted acyl halides.
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Key Components of a Comprehensive Visual Information System for College-Level Design Education Curriculum Analysis

Key Components of a Comprehensive Visual Information System for College-Level Design Education Curriculum Analysis

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 2004
Creator: Short, Scott Allen
Description: Electronic and computer technology have advanced and transformed graphic design. New technologies are forcing design educators to constantly monitor and update their programs, creating a need for a system to be adopted by college-level institutions to better investigate, evaluate and plan art and design curriculum. The author identifies metaphorical approaches to designing a two-part solution, which includes a Comprehensive Visual Information System (CVIS) and Three-Dimensional Virtual Database (3DVDb), which assign volumetric form to education components based on the form, structure and content of a discipline. Research and development of the conceptual design for the CVIS and 3DVDb are intended to aid in the development of an electronic media solution to be made accessible to students, faculty and administrators.
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The Key to Unlocking the Secret Window

The Key to Unlocking the Secret Window

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Date: December 2010
Creator: McConnell, Sarah E.
Description: David Koepp's Secret Window was released by Columbia Pictures in 2004. The film's score was written by Philip Glass and Geoff Zanelli. This thesis analyzes transcriptions from six scenes within the film in conjunction with movie stills from those scenes in an attempt to explain how the film score functions.
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