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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Degree Discipline: Chemistry
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
Metal-Aluminum Oxide Interactions: Effects of Surface Hydroxylation and High Electric Field

Metal-Aluminum Oxide Interactions: Effects of Surface Hydroxylation and High Electric Field

Date: December 2001
Creator: Niu, Chengyu
Description: Metal and oxide interactions are of broad scientific and technological interest in areas such as heterogeneous catalysis, microelectronics, composite materials, and corrosion. In the real world, such interactions are often complicated by the presence of interfacial impurities and/or high electric fields that may change the thermodynamic and kinetic behaviors of the metal/oxide interfaces. This research includes: (1) the surface hydroxylation effects on the aluminum oxide interactions with copper adlayers, and (2) effects of high electric fields on the interface of thin aluminum oxide films and Ni3Al substrate. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies and first principles calculations have been carried out to compare copper adsorption on heavily hydroxylated a- Al2O3(0001) with dehydroxylated surfaces produced by Argon ion sputtering followed by annealing in oxygen. For a heavily hydroxylated surface with OH coverage of 0.47 monolayer (ML), sputter deposition of copper at 300 K results in a maximum Cu(I) coverage of ~0.35 ML, in agreement with theoretical predictions. Maximum Cu(I) coverage at 300 K decreases with decreasing surface hydroxylation. Exposure of a partially dehydroxylated a-Al2O3(0001) surface to either air or 2 Torr water vapor results in recovery of surface hydroxylation, which in turn increases the maximum Cu(I) coverage. The ability of surface hydroxyl ...
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Metal Complexes of 2,3-Quinoxalinedithiol

Metal Complexes of 2,3-Quinoxalinedithiol

Date: May 1969
Creator: Ganguli, Kalyan Kumar, 1912-
Description: A series of new planar complexes with the dianion of 2,3-quinoxalinedithiol ligand has been prepared. The complexes have been characterized from the study of their analyses, magnetic moment, conductance, polarograms, electron spin resonance spectra, and electronic spectra, and compared with the available data on the corresponding maleonitriledithiolene and toluene-3,4-dithiolene complexes.
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Metal (II) Complexes with N-Salicylideneamino Acids

Metal (II) Complexes with N-Salicylideneamino Acids

Date: August 1969
Creator: Carlisle, Gene Ozelle
Description: Transition metal complexes derived from Schiff bases have rendered an important contribution to the development of modern coordination chemistry. Various stable compounds have been prepared having synthetic, biological, and physicochemical interest. In particular, complexes of salicylaldimines, B-ketoamines, and closely related ligand systems have been investigated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Metallization and Modification of Low-k Dielectric Materials

Metallization and Modification of Low-k Dielectric Materials

Date: December 2008
Creator: Martini, David M.
Description: Aluminum was deposited onto both Teflon AF and Parylene AF surfaces by chemical vapor deposition of trimethylaluminum. This work shows that similar thin film (100 Angstroms) aluminum oxide adlayers form on both polymers at the low temperature dosing conditions used in the studies. Upon anneal to room temperature and above, defluorination of the polymer surfaces increased and resulted in fluorinated aluminum oxide adlayers; the adlayers were thermally stable to the highest temperatures tested (600 K). Angle-resolved spectra showed higher levels of fluorination toward the polymer/adlayer interface region. Copper films were also deposited at low temperature onto Teflon AF using a copper hexafluoroacetylacetonate-cyclooctadiene precursor. Annealing up to 600 K resulted in the loss of precursor ligands and a shift to metallic copper. As with aluminum adlayers, some polymer defluorination and resulting metal (copper) fluoride was detected. Parylene AF and polystyrene films surfaces were modified by directly dosing with water vapor passed across a hot tungsten filament. Oxygen incorporation into polystyrene occurred exclusively at aromatic carbon sites, whereas oxygen incorporation into parylene occurred in both aromatic and aliphatic sites. Oxygen x-ray photoelectron spectra of the modified polymers were comparable, indicating that similar reactions occurred. The surface oxygenation of parylene allowed enhanced reactivity ...
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Microwave-Assisted Synthesis, Characterization, and Photophysical Properties of New Rhenium(I) Pyrazolyl-Triazine Complexes

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis, Characterization, and Photophysical Properties of New Rhenium(I) Pyrazolyl-Triazine Complexes

Date: May 2010
Creator: Salazar Garza, Gustavo Adolfo
Description: The reaction of the chelating ligand 4-[4,6-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-N,N-diethyl-benzenamine, L, with pentacarbonylchlororhenium by conventional heating method produces the complexes fac-[ReL(CO)3Cl2] and fac-[Re2L(CO)6Cl2] in a period of 48 hours. The use of microwaves as the source of heat and the increase in the equivalents of one of the reactants leads to a more selective reaction and also decreases the reaction time to 1 hour. After proper purification, the photophysical properties of fac-[ReL(CO)3Cl] were analyzed. The solid-state photoluminescence analysis showed an emission band at 628 nm independent of temperature. However, in the solution studies, the emission band shifted from 550 nm in frozen media to 610 nm when the matrix became fluid. These results confirm that this complex possess a phenomenon known as rigidochromism.
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A Mineral Analysis of the Henrietta Water Supply

A Mineral Analysis of the Henrietta Water Supply

Date: 1941
Creator: Selvidge, R. F.
Description: The water which supplies the city of Henrietta, Clay County, Texas, is obtained from the Little Wichita River. A concrete dam was built across the river at a point about a mile and a half north of town.
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Mixed Alkyllithim/Lithium Alkoxide Aggregates with Less Sterically Crowded Alkyl Groups

Mixed Alkyllithim/Lithium Alkoxide Aggregates with Less Sterically Crowded Alkyl Groups

Date: December 1997
Creator: Thornton, Terry L. (Terry Lee), 1962-
Description: Mixed alkyllithium / lithium alkoxide aggregates in the form (RLi)n(ROLi)m were formed by addition of corresponding alcohol compounds at different Li/O ratios. Variable temperature 13C and 6Li NMR spectroscopy were used to verify the formation of the mixed aggregates and to study their behavior in hydrocarbon solution. Spectra for the lithium n-propoxide / n-propyllithium and iso-butyllithium / lithium iso-butoxide systems each indicated at least one mixed aggregate.
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Mobile Order Theory as Applied to Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles

Mobile Order Theory as Applied to Polycyclic Aromatic Heterocycles

Date: August 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Kristin A.
Description: Experimental mole fraction solubilities of benzil, thianthrene, trans-stilbene, thioxanthen-9-one, diphenyl sulfone and dibenzothiophene sulfone are determined in pure noncomplexing and complexing solvents. Predicted solubility values are calculated for benzil, thianthrene, trans-stilbene and thioxanthen-9-one using expressions derived from Mobile Order theory. Large deviations between experimental and predicted solubilities in alcohol solvents exist, therefore optimized solute - solvent association constants are determined. Previously measured thianthrene solubilities in five binary alkane + cyclohexane solvent mixtures are compared with values predicted from Mobile Order theory using the measured solubility in each of the pure solvents as input parameters. The experimental mole fraction solubility of benzil in eight binary alcohol + 1-octanol solvent mixtures are also measured and compared with predicted values.
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Molecular Modeling Study of Oxidative Degradation of Polyperfluoroethers Catalyzed by Iron Fluoride Surfaces : An Extended Hückel Theory Approach

Molecular Modeling Study of Oxidative Degradation of Polyperfluoroethers Catalyzed by Iron Fluoride Surfaces : An Extended Hückel Theory Approach

Date: May 1995
Creator: Wang, Yanbin
Description: Extended Hückel methods are known to be a useful tool in understanding surface phenomena. Important quantities about atoms and chemical bonds can be obtained from this computationally simple method, although caution must be exercised in interpreting the results. Application of Extended Hückel calculations to large metal clusters reveals the role of d orbitals in solids. Basic ideas of constructing model compounds have been developed. Several model systems for surface chemisorption processes are constructed in order to understand the surface catalyzed oxidative degradation of polyperfluoroethers. The activation of oxygen molecules can be explained. The Lewis acid character of the iron fluoride surface can be predicted. Based on these results, mechanisms of the degradation processes are discussed.
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Naphth [2,3-d] Imidazoline-2,4,9-Triones

Naphth [2,3-d] Imidazoline-2,4,9-Triones

Date: August 1966
Creator: Witkowski, Joseph T.
Description: The study of some acylurea derivatives of 2-amino-3-alkylamino- and -3-arylamino-1,4-naphthoquinones was undertaken to determine the course of reaction under conditions similar to those used by J. R. Hoover and A. R. Day to prepare 2-alkyl-1H-naphth[2,3-d] imidazole-4.9-diones from 2-acylamino-3-amino-1,4-naphthoquinones.
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