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 Degree Discipline: Mathematics
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
Some Fundamental Properties of Valuations Defined on a Field

Some Fundamental Properties of Valuations Defined on a Field

Date: January 1969
Creator: Doerr, James C.
Description: The purpose of this thesis is to develop some properties of a special class of functions called valuations. The study begins with and examination of the properties of valuations defined on an arbitrary field, F, and later, consideration is given to valuations defined on the field of rational numbers. The concept of a pseud-valuation is introduced and an investigation is made of the properties of pseudo-valuations.
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Properties of Semigroups

Properties of Semigroups

Date: June 1966
Creator: Donnell, William Anthony
Description: This paper is an introductory, algebraic study of semigroups.
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Metric Half-Spaces

Metric Half-Spaces

Date: May 1972
Creator: Dooley, Willis L.
Description: This paper is a study of some of the basic properties of the metric half-space topology, a topology on a set which is derived from a metric on the set. In the first it is found that in a complete inner product space, the metric half-space topology is the same as one defined in terms of linear functionals on the space. In the second it is proven that in Rn the metric half-space topology is the same as the usual metric topology. In the third theorem it is shown that in a certain sense the nature of the metric halfspace topology generated by a norm on the space determines whether the norm is quadratic, that is to say, whether or not there exists an inner product on the space with the property that |x|^2=(x,x) for all x in the space.
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G-domains, G-ideals, and Hilbert Rings

G-domains, G-ideals, and Hilbert Rings

Date: August 1972
Creator: Draper, Ruben P.
Description: The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining the properties of the following: a particular type of integral domain, the G-domain; a type of prime ideal, the G-ideal; and a special type of ring, the Hilbert ring.
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On Uniform Convergence

On Uniform Convergence

Date: 1951
Creator: Drew, Dan Dale
Description: In this paper, we will be concerned primarily with series of functions and a particular type of convergence which will be described. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the concept of uniform convergence. In the main it is a compilation of material found in various references and revised to conform to standard notation.
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Topologies on Complete Lattices

Topologies on Complete Lattices

Date: December 1973
Creator: Dwyer, William Karl
Description: One of the more important concepts in mathematics is the concept of order, that is, the description or comparison of two elements of a set in terms of one preceding or being smaller than or equal to the other. If the elements of a set, as pairs, exhibit certain order-type characteristics, the set is said to be a partially ordered set. The purpose of this paper is to investigate a special class of partially ordered sets, called lattices, and to investigate topologies induced on these lattices by specially defined order related properties called order-convergence and star-convergence.
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Around the Fibonacci Numeration System

Around the Fibonacci Numeration System

Date: May 2007
Creator: Edson, Marcia Ruth
Description: Let 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, … denote the Fibonacci sequence beginning with 1 and 2, and then setting each subsequent number to the sum of the two previous ones. Every positive integer n can be expressed as a sum of distinct Fibonacci numbers in one or more ways. Setting R(n) to be the number of ways n can be written as a sum of distinct Fibonacci numbers, we exhibit certain regularity properties of R(n), one of which is connected to the Euler φ-function. In addition, using a theorem of Fine and Wilf, we give a formula for R(n) in terms of binomial coefficients modulo two.
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Automorphism Groups

Automorphism Groups

Date: August 1965
Creator: Edwards, Donald Eugene
Description: This paper will be concerned mainly with automorphisms of groups. The concept of a group endomorphism will be used at various points in this paper.
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Sequences of Real Numbers

Sequences of Real Numbers

Date: January 1965
Creator: Eskew, Mark F.
Description: The purpose of this thesis is to examine general properties, convergence, and limit points of sequences of real numbers.
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Peripherally Continuous Functions, Graph Maps and Connectivity Maps

Peripherally Continuous Functions, Graph Maps and Connectivity Maps

Date: August 1967
Creator: Evans, Bret Edgar
Description: The purpose of this paper is to investigate some of the more basic properties of peripherally continuous functions, graph maps and connectivity maps.
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Applications in Fixed Point Theory

Applications in Fixed Point Theory

Date: December 2005
Creator: Farmer, Matthew Ray
Description: Banach's contraction principle is probably one of the most important theorems in fixed point theory. It has been used to develop much of the rest of fixed point theory. Another key result in the field is a theorem due to Browder, Göhde, and Kirk involving Hilbert spaces and nonexpansive mappings. Several applications of Banach's contraction principle are made. Some of these applications involve obtaining new metrics on a space, forcing a continuous map to have a fixed point, and using conditions on the boundary of a closed ball in a Banach space to obtain a fixed point. Finally, a development of the theorem due to Browder et al. is given with Hilbert spaces replaced by uniformly convex Banach spaces.
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Strong Choquet Topologies on the Closed Linear Subspaces of Banach Spaces

Strong Choquet Topologies on the Closed Linear Subspaces of Banach Spaces

Date: August 2011
Creator: Farmer, Matthew Ray
Description: In the study of Banach spaces, the development of some key properties require studying topologies on the collection of closed convex subsets of the space. The subcollection of closed linear subspaces is studied under the relative slice topology, as well as a class of topologies similar thereto. It is shown that the collection of closed linear subspaces under the slice topology is homeomorphic to the collection of their respective intersections with the closed unit ball, under the natural mapping. It is further shown that this collection under any topology in the aforementioned class of similar topologies is a strong Choquet space. Finally, a collection of category results are developed since strong Choquet spaces are also Baire spaces.
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Euclidean Rings

Euclidean Rings

Date: May 1974
Creator: Fecke, Ralph Michael
Description: The cardinality of the set of units, and of the set of equivalence classes of primes in non-trivial Euclidean domains is discussed with reference to the categories "finite" and "infinite." It is shown that no Euclidean domains exist for which both of these sets are finite. The other three combinations are possible and examples are given. For the more general Euclidean rings, the first combination is possible and examples are likewise given. Prime factorization is also discussed in both Euclidean rings and Euclidean domains. For Euclidean rings, an alternative definition of prime elements in terms of associates is compared and contrasted to the usual definitions.
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A Genesis for Compact Convex Sets

A Genesis for Compact Convex Sets

Date: May 1969
Creator: Ferguson, Ronald D.
Description: This paper was written in response to the following question: what conditions are sufficient to guarantee that if a compact subset A of a topological linear space L^3 is not convex, then for every point x belonging to the complement of A relative to the convex hull of A there exists a line segment yz such that x belongs to yz and y belongs to A and z belongs to A? Restated in the terminology of this paper the question bay be given as follow: what conditions may be imposed upon a compact subset A of L^3 to insure that A is braced?
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Existence of Many Sign Changing Non Radial Solutions for Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Annular Domains

Existence of Many Sign Changing Non Radial Solutions for Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Annular Domains

Date: August 1998
Creator: Finan, Marcel Basil
Description: The aim of this work is the study of the existence and multiplicity of sign changing nonradial solutions to elliptic boundary value problems on annular domains.
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The Laplace Transformation

The Laplace Transformation

Date: August 1965
Creator: Floyd, Russell
Description: A set of definitions, theorems and proofs to describe the Laplace transformation.
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The Use of Chebyshev Polynomials in Numerical Analysis

The Use of Chebyshev Polynomials in Numerical Analysis

Date: December 1975
Creator: Forisha, Donnie R.
Description: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nature and practical uses of Chebyshev polynomials. Chapter I gives recognition to mathematicians responsible for studies in this area. Chapter II enumerates several mathematical situations in which the polynomials naturally arise and suggests reasons for the pursuance of their study. Chapter III includes: Chebyshev polynomials as related to "best" polynomial approximation, Chebyshev series, and methods of producing polynomial approximations to continuous functions. Chapter IV discusses the use of Chebyshev polynomials to solve certain differential equations and Chebyshev-Gauss quadrature.
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Hochschild Cohomology and Complex Reflection Groups

Hochschild Cohomology and Complex Reflection Groups

Date: August 2012
Creator: Foster-Greenwood, Briana A.
Description: A concrete description of Hochschild cohomology is the first step toward exploring associative deformations of algebras. In this dissertation, deformation theory, geometry, combinatorics, invariant theory, representation theory, and homological algebra merge in an investigation of Hochschild cohomology of skew group algebras arising from complex reflection groups. Given a linear action of a finite group on a finite dimensional vector space, the skew group algebra under consideration is the semi-direct product of the group with a polynomial ring on the vector space. Each representation of a group defines a different skew group algebra, which may have its own interesting deformations. In this work, we explicitly describe all graded Hecke algebras arising as deformations of the skew group algebra of any finite group acting by the regular representation. We then focus on rank two exceptional complex reflection groups acting by any irreducible representation. We consider in-depth the reflection representation and a nonfaithful rotation representation. Alongside our study of cohomology for the rotation representation, we develop techniques valid for arbitrary finite groups acting by a representation with a central kernel. Additionally, we consider combinatorial questions about reflection length and codimension orderings on complex reflection groups. We give algorithms using character theory to compute ...
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Hyperspace Topologies

Hyperspace Topologies

Date: August 2001
Creator: Freeman, Jeannette Broad
Description: In this paper we study properties of metric spaces. We consider the collection of all nonempty closed subsets, Cl(X), of a metric space (X,d) and topologies on C.(X) induced by d. In particular, we investigate the Hausdorff topology and the Wijsman topology. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for when a particular pseudo-metric is a metric in the Wijsman topology. The metric properties of the two topologies are compared and contrasted to show which also hold in the respective topologies. We then look at the metric space R-n, and build two residual sets. One residual set is the collection of uncountable, closed subsets of R-n and the other residual set is the collection of closed subsets of R-n having n-dimensional Lebesgue measure zero. We conclude with the intersection of these two sets being a residual set representing the collection of uncountable, closed subsets of R-n having n-dimensional Lebesgue measure zero.
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Some Fundamental Properties of Categories

Some Fundamental Properties of Categories

Date: June 1968
Creator: Gardner, Harold L.
Description: This paper establishes a basis for abelian categories, then gives the statement and proof of two equivalent definitions of an abelian category, the development of the basic theory of such categories, and the proof of some theorems involving this basic theory.
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Separation Properties

Separation Properties

Date: December 1970
Creator: Garvin, Billy Ray
Description: The problem with which this paper is concerned is that of investigating a class of topological properties commonly called separation properties. A topological space which satisfies only the definition may be very limited in open sets. By use of the separation properties, specific families of open sets can be guaranteed.
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Using Steepest Descent to Find Energy-Minimizing Maps Satisfying Nonlinear Constraints

Using Steepest Descent to Find Energy-Minimizing Maps Satisfying Nonlinear Constraints

Date: August 1994
Creator: Garza, Javier, 1965-
Description: The method of steepest descent is applied to a nonlinearly constrained optimization problem which arises in the study of liquid crystals. Let Ω denote the region bounded by two coaxial cylinders of height 1 with the outer cylinder having radius 1 and the inner having radius ρ. The problem is to find a mapping, u, from Ω into R^3 which agrees with a given function v on the surfaces of the cylinders and minimizes the energy function over the set of functions in the Sobolev space H^(1,2)(Ω; R^3) having norm 1 almost everywhere. In the variational formulation, the norm 1 condition is emulated by a constraint function B. The direction of descent studied here is given by a projected gradient, called a B-gradient, which involves the projection of a Sobolev gradient onto the tangent space for B. A numerical implementation of the algorithm, the results of which agree with the theoretical results and which is independent of any strong properties of the domain, is described. In chapter 2, the Sobolev space setting and a significant projection in the theory of Sobolev gradients are discussed. The variational formulation is introduced in Chapter 3, where the issues of differentiability and existence of ...
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Dimension spectrum and graph directed Markov systems.

Dimension spectrum and graph directed Markov systems.

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Date: May 2006
Creator: Ghenciu, Eugen Andrei
Description: In this dissertation we study graph directed Markov systems (GDMS) and limit sets associated with these systems. Given a GDMS S, by the Hausdorff dimension spectrum of S we mean the set of all positive real numbers which are the Hausdorff dimension of the limit set generated by a subsystem of S. We say that S has full Hausdorff dimension spectrum (full HD spectrum), if the dimension spectrum is the interval [0, h], where h is the Hausdorff dimension of the limit set of S. We give necessary conditions for a finitely primitive conformal GDMS to have full HD spectrum. A GDMS is said to be regular if the Hausdorff dimension of its limit set is also the zero of the topological pressure function. We show that every number in the Hausdorff dimension spectrum is the Hausdorff dimension of a regular subsystem. In the particular case of a conformal iterated function system we show that the Hausdorff dimension spectrum is compact. We introduce several new systems: the nearest integer GDMS, the Gauss-like continued fraction system, and the Renyi-like continued fraction system. We prove that these systems have full HD spectrum. A special attention is given to the backward continued fraction ...
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Spaces of Compact Operators

Spaces of Compact Operators

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Date: May 2004
Creator: Ghenciu, Ioana
Description: In this dissertation we study the structure of spaces of operators, especially the space of all compact operators between two Banach spaces X and Y. Work by Kalton, Emmanuele, Bator and Lewis on the space of compact and weakly compact operators motivates much of this paper. Let L(X,Y) be the Banach space of all bounded linear operators between Banach spaces X and Y, K(X,Y) be the space of all compact operators, and W(X,Y) be the space of all weakly compact operators. We study problems related to the complementability of different operator ideals (the Banach space of all compact, weakly compact, completely continuous, resp. unconditionally converging) operators in the space of all bounded linear operators. The structure of Dunford-Pettis sets, strong Dunford-Pettis sets, and certain spaces of operators is studied in the context of the injective and projective tensor products of Banach spaces. Bibasic sequences are used to study relative norm compactness of strong Dunford-Pettis sets. Next, we use Dunford-Pettis sets to give sufficient conditions for K(X,Y) to contain c0.
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