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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Degree Discipline: Psychology
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
An Exploratory Investigation of Marital Role Conflict and Its Relationship to Perceived Marital Adjustment

An Exploratory Investigation of Marital Role Conflict and Its Relationship to Perceived Marital Adjustment

Date: August 1971
Creator: Bawcom, Leon
Description: The purpose of this investigation was to explore the relationship between various indices of marital role conflict and measures of marital adjustment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Exploring Relationships Between Recalled Parenting and Anaclitic and Introjective Depression

Exploring Relationships Between Recalled Parenting and Anaclitic and Introjective Depression

Date: May 2000
Creator: Weisz, Adriana V.
Description: This study related college students' remembered early relationships with parents to their depression symptoms and to dependent and self-critical subjective feelings. Undergraduates (N = 217, 118 female, 99 male) provided information regarding their current level of depression, overall functioning, subjective feelings of depression (Depressive Experiences Questionnaire), negative thoughts, interpersonal functioning, and recollections of their parents' behavior and attitudes. Depression symptoms were related to dependent and self-critical feelings and to recalled low parental care and high parental control. However, for women, paternal affection and, for men, paternal control, were unrelated to depression symptoms. Other results are inconclusive but, overall, provide evidence for the usefulness of Blatt's theory in assessing depression via dependent and self-critical subjective feelings.
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Exploring the Relationships Between Mindfulness, Self-compassion, and Ethnic Identity Development

Exploring the Relationships Between Mindfulness, Self-compassion, and Ethnic Identity Development

Date: May 2012
Creator: Sinha, Aditi
Description: Ethnic identity development is a process that occurs for all individuals, and weakness in ethnic identity is associated with numerous psychosocial difficulties. Security in ethnic identity can be difficult for those exposed to varying attitudes and behaviors in a multicultural society. As such, the current study examined the influence of mindfulness and self-compassion on ethnic identity development. a sample of 479 undergraduate students completed online self-report questionnaires measuring demographic information, mindfulness, self-compassion, ethnic identity status, and self-esteem. Results suggested that mindfulness and self-compassion are significant negative predictors of ethnic identity, and that self-compassion was a better predictor of ethnic identity status than was mindfulness. Self-compassion did not moderate the relationship between mindfulness and ethnic identity status, as was hypothesized. the sample included primarily Caucasian (n = 278) individuals born in the United States, which likely limited generalizability of findings. Implications of the current findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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Exploring the role of secondary attachment relationships in the development of attachment security.

Exploring the role of secondary attachment relationships in the development of attachment security.

Date: August 2005
Creator: Cohen, Diane L.
Description: The process by which earned-secures achieve attachment security in adulthood, despite having insecure parent-child relationships in childhood, was the focus of the current study. As internal working models are thought to be formed within relationships, specifically primary attachment bonds (Bowlby, 1969), it was postulated that secondary attachment relationships, specifically those that were positive, had the capacity to revise insecure models of self and other. In the current study, the secondary attachment histories of undergraduates who were earned-secure and continuously-insecure, or insecurely attached since childhood, were compared. A new measure of secondary attachment quality was developed (Questionnaire About Secondary Attachment Figures (Q-SAF)), which was used to measure undergraduates' perceptions of their past and current secondary attachment figures. Findings indicated that in comparison to continuous-insecures, earned-secures perceived their negative secondary attachment figures in adolescence as less mean. Earned-secures also reported being less dependent upon these figures' approval of them for their self-worth and more secure within these relationships. In adulthood, earned-secures reported more trust and intimacy with their positive secondary attachment figures. Compared to continuous-insecures, earned-secures described their peers as being more empathic and altruistic during childhood and more warm during adolescence; earned-secures also reported less dependency and greater closeness with their ...
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External and Internal Influences on Congruence Between Sexual Attitudes and Behavior

External and Internal Influences on Congruence Between Sexual Attitudes and Behavior

Date: December 1997
Creator: Brewer, Laura C. (Laura Catherine)
Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the hypotheses that the external factors of family environment, gender, and clinical status and the internal factors of self-esteem and impression management would have either a positive influence or a negative influence on individuals' congruence between their sexual attitudes and their sexual behavior. The hypotheses that the external and internal factors would be significant predictors of congruence between sexual attitudes and behavior were not supported by regression analyses. Clinical status and impression management were significant predictors of congruence but in the opposite direction than hypothesized. When age was factored out of the regression equation, clinical status was no longer a significant predictor of congruence. However, impression management remained a significant predictor of congruence.
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The Facilitating Effect of Modeling Procedures upon Behavior Modification of Mentally Retarded

The Facilitating Effect of Modeling Procedures upon Behavior Modification of Mentally Retarded

Date: December 1970
Creator: McCabe, James C.
Description: This study was undertaken to investigate the facilitating effects of imitation procedures upon a traditional behavior modification program. A "token economy" was instituted within a workshop setting.
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Facilitation of Social Behavior in Group Psychotherapy with Geriatric Patients

Facilitation of Social Behavior in Group Psychotherapy with Geriatric Patients

Date: August 1970
Creator: Blair, Ben R.
Description: The purpose of the present study was to attempt to use the principles of behavior therapy and group psychotherapy to enhance social adjustment of the geriatric patients in an institutional environment. There are several factors positively related to satisfactory adjustment to old age such as educational level, marital status, employment history, religion, health, and membership in groups.
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Factor Analysis of the Spouse Observation Checklist-revised Using Attachment Theory As an Organizational Framework

Factor Analysis of the Spouse Observation Checklist-revised Using Attachment Theory As an Organizational Framework

Date: August 2012
Creator: Heffel, Carly J.
Description: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the factor structure of the Spouse Observation Checklist-Revised using attachment theory as an organizational framework. The study used archival data from a community sample of 92 heterosexual childless couples married 1-5 years and 4 lesbian couples (N = 192). Separate exploratory factor analysis on the Perception of Self-Behavior and Perception of Partner-Behavior items revealed symmetrical 4-factor structures with factors reflecting emotional support, physical intimacy, instrumental support, and disengagement. Separate analyses examined associations of the four identified factors with the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to begin to place the SOC-R within a nomological network.
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Factor Structure of the Neurocognitive Battery in a Geriatric Sample with Cognitive Impairments

Factor Structure of the Neurocognitive Battery in a Geriatric Sample with Cognitive Impairments

Date: May 2007
Creator: Serova, Svetlana
Description: The present study was designed to empirically validate six theoretically derived cognitive domains (verbal memory, visual memory, working memory, attention-concentration, executive functions, and visuospatial abilities) assessed by a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests used in the Geriatric Memory Clinic at the University of North Texas Health Science Center in Fort Worth, Texas. The study examined the extent to which various cognitive dimensions are tapped by this battery in a heterogeneous geriatric sample of 114 patients with cognitive impairments. The proposed six-factor model of cognitive functioning has not been supported. Further exploratory factor analysis arrived at a five-factor solution. Factor pattern of the 23 tests supported the following five dimensions: memory, executive control, attention, visuospatial abilities, and cognitive flexibility.
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Factors Influencing Attitudes Toward Seeking Psychological Help in Younger and Older Adults

Factors Influencing Attitudes Toward Seeking Psychological Help in Younger and Older Adults

Date: December 1993
Creator: Gray, Gale René, 1958-
Description: The major purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized structural model that included many of the variables that have been found to influence people's attitudes toward seeking psychological help and investigate if these variables and their inter-relationships are different for young versus older adults. This study offers a more comprehensive investigation than previous research by testing and modifying two structural models of help-seeking attitudes, one for young adults and one for older adults. This makes it possible to examine how these variables differ for the two age groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries