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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Language: English
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
The Effects of Three Methods of Practice on Improving the Performance of a Modified Free-Throw by Sixth Grade Girls

The Effects of Three Methods of Practice on Improving the Performance of a Modified Free-Throw by Sixth Grade Girls

Date: August 1971
Creator: Pruner, Sherry W.
Description: This investigation is concerned with the problem of determining the effects of three kinds of practice (mental-physical, distributive, and physical) on improving the performance of the Modified Free-Throw. In addition, this study investigates whether or not any one of the practice methods used was superior to the others.
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The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

Date: June 1970
Creator: Hampton, Gary Wade
Description: This study was designed to investigate the relative effects of selected physical education activities upon four components of physical well-being of college men. This study was intended to determine if changes occur in endurance, flexibility, balance, and agility by groups participating in either apparatus gymnastics, wrestling or swimming.
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Effects of Time Spent on Computer-Assisted Instruction on Attitudes of Sixth Grade Students Toward Computers

Effects of Time Spent on Computer-Assisted Instruction on Attitudes of Sixth Grade Students Toward Computers

Date: December 1987
Creator: Campbell, Penny Renae
Description: The purposes of this study were threefold: (1) to examine the effects of time spent on CAI on student attitudes, (2) to examine the effects of time spent on CAI among ability groups, and (3) to determine whether initial attitudes would be maintained throughout a school year, and if not, determine variables associated with an attitude shift.
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The Effects of Trade Liberalization Policies on Human Development in Selected Least Developed Countries

The Effects of Trade Liberalization Policies on Human Development in Selected Least Developed Countries

Date: December 2006
Creator: Ray, Elizabeth Thompson
Description: This dissertation examines the effects of trade liberalization policies (represented by membership in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization on selected Least Developed Countries' (LDCs) human development (represented by the Human Development Index). In this dissertation, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies are theorized to have two distinct types of effects: their direct effect and their indirect effect. Two questions are focused on: first, what is the effect (total, direct and indirect) of WTO policies on human development for selected LDCs? Second, what is the effect (total, direct and indirect) of WTO policies on human development for selected developing/developed countries (i.e. non-LDCs) holding economic development constant? Using the dependency theory of development as a theoretical basis, this dissertation examines the assumptions of modernization-theory-based policies as expressed in trade liberalization policies (i.e. the implementation of comparative advantage and now market fundamentalism) with world-system analysis techniques. To examine these questions, four panel regression models are constructed to measure the total, direct and indirect effects of WTO policies during the near-term (1998-2003) and during a longer historical term (1975-2000). The data for the analyses are taken from seven different sources of international data. ...
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The Effects of Traditional Report Cards Upon the Grading of students of South Park Elementary School, Beaumont, Texas

The Effects of Traditional Report Cards Upon the Grading of students of South Park Elementary School, Beaumont, Texas

Date: August 1938
Creator: Hackler, Vivien
Description: In this study, the writer has attempted to judge the effects of different types of report cards upon the accuracy of the teachers' grades of South Park Elementary School. The data used in this study, is located in Beaumont, Texas.
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Effects of Training Accurate Component Strokes Using Response Constraint and Self-evaluation on Whole Letter Writing.

Effects of Training Accurate Component Strokes Using Response Constraint and Self-evaluation on Whole Letter Writing.

Date: December 2006
Creator: Cline, Tammy Lynn
Description: This study analyzed the effects of a training package containing response constraint, self-evaluation, reinforcement, and a fading procedure on written letter components and whole letter writing in four elementary school participants. The effect on accuracy of written components was evaluated using a multiple-baseline-across components and a continuous probe design of components, as well as pre-test, baseline, and post-test measures. The results of this study show that response constraint and self-evaluation quickly improved students' performance in writing components. Fading of the intervention was achieved quickly and performance maintained. Results also show that improvement in component writing improved whole letter and full name writing and letter reversals in the presence of a model were corrected.
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The Effects of Training History on Retention and Reacquisition of Stimulus Control

The Effects of Training History on Retention and Reacquisition of Stimulus Control

Date: August 2013
Creator: Tucker, Kathryn Lynn
Description: The purpose of this experiment was to study the effects of training history on retention and re-acquisition of stimulus control of previously learned behaviors. In Phase I, two pairs of behaviors were alternately trained. Circle and touch behaviors were trained concurrently until two consecutive errorless sessions were run. Spin and down behaviors were trained together in the same manner. Probe sessions, in which all four cues were presented, were conducted each time a pair of behaviors reached this criterion. Training of one pair did not occur until the other pair had reached criterion and probe sessions were run. Despite achieving the designated criterion during training, stimulus control changed during probes. During probe sessions, errors increased under the cues that were not currently being trained. In most cases, the type of errors emitted for each cue was the same as the behavior that was trained concurrently. The number of training sessions required to reach criterion accuracy was high during the first set of sessions and decreased over the course of the experiment. In Phase II, spin and circle behaviors were trained concurrently. The number of sessions required to reach stimulus control criteria remained low, and the number of errors emitted under ...
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The Effects of Training in Interaction Analysis on Teachers' Interpersonal Behavior

The Effects of Training in Interaction Analysis on Teachers' Interpersonal Behavior

Date: August 1970
Creator: Buckner, John Wordy
Description: The specific purposes investigated were to ascertain the effect of training in interaction analysis upon the levels of 1. accurate empathy in teachers, 2. nonpossissive warmth in teachers, 3. genuineness in teachers, and 4. an analysis of the relationship between interaction analysis and the interpersonal behavior of the classroom teacher in view of its implications in teacher education.
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The Effects of Transition From the Sixth to the Seventh Grade Upon Student Status, Attitude, and Achievement

The Effects of Transition From the Sixth to the Seventh Grade Upon Student Status, Attitude, and Achievement

Date: May 1969
Creator: Myers, Eddie Earl
Description: The problem of this study is the effect of movement from the sixth grade to the seventh grade upon student social status, attitude toward school, and achievement.
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Effects of Triclosan, Triclocarban, and Caffeine Exposure on the Development of Amphibian Larvae.

Effects of Triclosan, Triclocarban, and Caffeine Exposure on the Development of Amphibian Larvae.

Date: August 2009
Creator: Palenske, Nicole Marie
Description: Triclosan and triclocarban are antimicrobials found in numerous consumer products, while caffeine is the most commonly consumed stimulant by humans. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of triclosan, triclocarban, and caffeine on the development and physiology of amphibian larvae. LC50 values of triclosan and triclocarban were determined after 96 hours for three North American larval species: Acris crepitans blanchardii, Bufo woodhousii woodhousii, Rana sphenocephala, and for a common amphibian developmental model: Xenopus laevis. Amphibian larvae were most sensitive to triclosan and triclocarban exposure during early development based upon 96-hour LC50 values. Heart rates for X. laevis and North American larvae exposed to triclosan were variable throughout development. However, significantly lower heart rates were observed in all larvae exposed to triclocarban. Metabolic rates of X. laevis and R. sphenocephala larvae exposed to triclosan were significantly affected in larvae exposed to ½ LC50 and the LC50 concentration. Metabolic rates of X. laevis larvae exposed to triclocarban were significantly affected by exposure to ½ LC50 concentrations in three of four stages investigated. No significant differences were observed in North American larvae exposed to triclocarban. Tissue uptake, lipid uptake, tissue bioconcentration factor (BCF) and lipid BCF of triclosan and triclocarban were investigated ...
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Effects of Turbidity on Gilling Rates and Oxygen Consumption on Green Sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus

Effects of Turbidity on Gilling Rates and Oxygen Consumption on Green Sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus

Date: May 1974
Creator: Horkel, John Duane
Description: Laboratory studies conducted at 5, 15, 25, and 35 C measured changes in gilling rates and oxygen consumption of green sunfish in response to exposure to bentonite clay suspensions. The tests indicate that gilling rates are not affected by bentonite clay suspensions below 2125 FTU at 5 C, 1012 FTU at 15 C, and 898 FTU at 25 C. At turbidity levels exceeding 1012 FTU at 15 C and 898 at 25 C, gilling rates increased 50-70%. Tests were inconclusive at 35 C. Oxygen consumption rates were found to be unaffected by turbid suspensions below 3500 FTU at all four temperatures. Evidence suggests that increased gilling rates under highly turbid conditions are a means of compensating for reduced respiratory efficiency and a strategy for maintaining a constant oxygen uptake. Evidence indicates that the cost of increased gilling rates is probably met by a reduction in activity.
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The Effects of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon the Oral Language Development of First Grade Pupils

The Effects of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon the Oral Language Development of First Grade Pupils

Date: January 1966
Creator: Giles, Douglas Elbert, 1932-
Description: The problem of this study was to compare the relative gains made in the development of oral language skills in two groups of first grade pupils when two different approaches to beginning reading instruction were used. The two approaches were: (a) the language experience approach, Approach A, and (b) the traditional basal reader approach, Approach B. The six aspects of oral language development considered were: extent of verbalization, spoken vocabulary, expressions of tentativeness, use of structural patterns, colorful and vivid expressions, and use of mazes.
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The Effects of Two Different Types of Background Music on Bowling Scores and Attitudes

The Effects of Two Different Types of Background Music on Bowling Scores and Attitudes

Date: August 1981
Creator: Beasley, Tom S.
Description: None
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The Effects of Two Extrinsic Incentives on the Classroom Success of Disadvantaged Middle-School Students

The Effects of Two Extrinsic Incentives on the Classroom Success of Disadvantaged Middle-School Students

Date: August 1973
Creator: Ward, Gerald W.
Description: None
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The Effects of Two Methods of Training on Arm Strength

The Effects of Two Methods of Training on Arm Strength

Date: August 1966
Creator: Thompson, Charles J.
Description: A study was made to investigate the relative effectiveness of two methods of training on the development of arm strength. The purposes of the study included the following: 1. To determine functional arm strength of male students enrolled in physical education classes selected for the study. 2. To conduct specific exercise programs in each of the selected classes. 3. To determine the relative effectiveness of the selected programs in developing arm strength.
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The Effects of Two Types of Consequence Delivery on Task Acquisition.

The Effects of Two Types of Consequence Delivery on Task Acquisition.

Date: August 2005
Creator: Jenkins, Juliet
Description: The effects of two consequence delivery methods on task acquisition were evaluated within a multi-element design. A typical 3 year-old child and a 4 year-old child with autism participated in this study. The task for both children was to select a picture after the experimenter said its name. The consequence in one condition consisted of the experimenter handing the edible item to the children. The consequence in the other condition consisted of the children retrieving the edible item directly from the apparatus, located in a crevice underneath each picture. Results show slightly quicker acquisition in the condition where children retrieved the edible consequence. However, it is possible that other variables had greater influence on the task acquisition.
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The Effects of Two Types of Group Counseling Procedures with Junior College Students

The Effects of Two Types of Group Counseling Procedures with Junior College Students

Date: August 1971
Creator: West, William George
Description: The problem with which this investigation was concerned was to measure personal adjustment, emotional adjustment, home adjustment, and self-concept changes that took place in junior college students as a result of one-counselor group counseling and male-and-female co-counselor group counseling. The rationale for male-and-female co-counselor group counseling relied on the formation of a simulated family in which individuals could socialize their feelings.
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The Effects of Two Types of Teaching Reading Upon Reading Progress, Social Maturity Progress, and Arithmetic Reasoning and Computation

The Effects of Two Types of Teaching Reading Upon Reading Progress, Social Maturity Progress, and Arithmetic Reasoning and Computation

Date: 1942
Creator: Mathis, Floye
Description: The problem of this thesis is to evaluate the progress in general reading efficiency of a group of children taught by the socialized group plan, as compared to a group of children taught by the traditional reading plan and to determine whether the socialized group plan aids in the development of certain other general attributes, such as arithmetic reasoning, arithmetic computation, and social maturity growth.
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The Effects of Unilateral Exercise Upon the Reaction-Movement Time of the Exercised Arm and the Contralateral Arm

The Effects of Unilateral Exercise Upon the Reaction-Movement Time of the Exercised Arm and the Contralateral Arm

Date: May 1973
Creator: Schmidt, Dianne L.
Description: The purposes of the study were to determine (1) the effect which exercise of the nondominant arm would have upon the reaction-movement time of the dominant and nondominant arms, (2) the degree to which fatigue transfers from one arm to the other arm, and (3) the influence of lateral dominance upon the reaction-movement time of both the dominant, and nondominant arms.
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The Effects of Using Children's Literature with Adolescents in the English As a Foreign Language Classroom.

The Effects of Using Children's Literature with Adolescents in the English As a Foreign Language Classroom.

Date: December 2006
Creator: Belsky, Stella
Description: This study provides quantitative and qualitative data about the effects of using children's literature with adolescents in a language classroom and the role of children's literature in students' second/foreign language development, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. The study presents qualitative data about the role of children's literature in developing more positive attitudes toward reading in the second/foreign language and toward reading in general. With literature being a model of a culture, presenting linguistic benefits for language learners, teaching communication, and being a motivator in language learning, this study presents empirical data that show that inclusion of children's literature in adolescents' second/foreign language classroom promotes appreciation and enjoyment of literature, enhances the development of language skills, stimulates more advanced learning, and promotes students' personal growth.
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The Effects of Using Information Technology to Support Evaluation of Feedback and Implementation of Adjustments in an Organization's Strategic Planning Process

The Effects of Using Information Technology to Support Evaluation of Feedback and Implementation of Adjustments in an Organization's Strategic Planning Process

Date: May 1997
Creator: Kemm, Elizabeth
Description: Organizations that must respond quickly to environmental pressures look for tools to assist in that response. Information technology may be one tool to facilitate the response. In this study the possible effects of using information technology, specifically a decision support system, in the feedback segment of one organization's strategic management loop were examined. The organization was one region of the Board of Probation and Parole in a central state. Personnel included administrators, parole officers and clerical workers. The information technology was an off-the-shelf software product called PlanRight. This study is significant for two reasons: a new application for information technology was examined and the adequacy of a generic computerized tool designed to be suitable for various operations was explored. This study was a case study. Two months of data were taken prior to the implementation of the decision support system, and four months of data were taken after the system was implemented. Questionnaire data taken before system implementation provided descriptive characteristics of the organization. Follow-up surveys and interviews at the conclusion of the study were used to evaluate employee perceptions. The study was done in three phases. During phase one questionnaires were distributed and returned. During phase two, goals, plans ...
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The Effects of Using Integrated Testing and Skills Software in Reading Instruction for At-risk Students

The Effects of Using Integrated Testing and Skills Software in Reading Instruction for At-risk Students

Date: December 1992
Creator: Pitre, Barbara J. (Barbara Jean)
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of using computer-managed, integrated testing and skills software with individualized homework packets on the reading achievement and attitudes of at-risk students in a low achieving urban school. An additional purpose was to determine teacher attitudes toward using technology to deliver, measure, and manage instruction.
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Effects of Using Logic and Spatial Cybergames to Improve Student Success Rates in Lower-Division Chemistry Courses

Effects of Using Logic and Spatial Cybergames to Improve Student Success Rates in Lower-Division Chemistry Courses

Date: May 2011
Creator: Manrique, Carissa Janice
Description: A study was conducted to investigate the relationships between cybergaming treatment groups and the control group (N = 99: ncontrol = 8; nlogic = 29; nspatial = 30; ncombination = 32) with success in the organic chemistry I course as measured by achievement over a 10-week period. The treatment groups included logic training, spatial training, and combination logic-spatial training. Students' ability was measured by pre/post exams using the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) to measure logic ability, Purdue Visualizations of Rotations (ROT) test to measure spatial skills, and the General-Organic-Biochemistry (GOB) Exam to measure content attainment. Finally, students' responses about participation in this experience were evaluated using open- and closed-ended questions on a self-developed survey. A second study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the cybergaming treatment and control groups (N = 88: nexperimental = 27; ncontrol = 61) with success in the general chemistry I course as measured by achievement and final course averages and grades. The cybergaming treatment group underwent intensive combination logic-spatial training for 10 weeks. Students' progress was measured using three pre/post instruments: Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) measured logic ability, Purdue Visualizations of Rotations (ROT) Test measured spatial skills, and the California ...
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The Effects of Using Networked Integrated Testing and Skills Software and Parental Involvement on Achievement, Attitude, and Self-esteem of At-risk Students

The Effects of Using Networked Integrated Testing and Skills Software and Parental Involvement on Achievement, Attitude, and Self-esteem of At-risk Students

Date: December 1992
Creator: Robinson, Gary E. (Gary Edwin)
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine whether using integrated, networked testing and skills software combined with parental participation would increase students' achievement in reading, improve students' self-esteem and improve attitude toward school. Further, the purpose was to determine if parental participation promotes improved attitude toward school.
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