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 Department: Department of Physics
 Degree Discipline: Physics
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
A Decay Scheme for 164 Ho

A Decay Scheme for 164 Ho

Date: December 1972
Creator: Guertin, James
Description: The present investigation was prompted by several considerations. In previous studies there was considerable variance with regard to the reported values for the half-lives of the isomeric and ground states in 164 Ho. There was also considerable variance with regard to the values reported for the branching ratios and the relative intensities of the transitions. Thus a further study of the problem was needed.
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Decoherence, Master Equation for Open Quantum Systems, and the Subordination Theory

Decoherence, Master Equation for Open Quantum Systems, and the Subordination Theory

Date: August 2005
Creator: Giraldi, Filippo
Description: This thesis addresses the problem of a form of anomalous decoherence that sheds light into the spectroscopy of blinking quantum dots. The system studied is a two-state system, interacting with an external environment that has the effect of establishing an interaction between the two states, via a coherence generating coupling, called inphasing. The collisions with the environment produce also decoherence, named dephasing. Decoherence is interpreted as the entanglement of the coherent superposition of these two states with the environment. The joint action of inphasing and dephasing generates a Markov master equation statistically equivalent to a random walker jumping from one state to the other. This model can be used to describe intermittent fluorescence, as a sequence of "light on" and "light off" states. The experiments on blinking quantum dots indicate that the sojourn times are distributed with an inverse power law. Thus, a proposal to turn the model for Poisson fluorescence intermittency into a model for non-Poisson fluorescence intermittency is made. The collision-like interaction of the two-state system with the environment is assumed to takes place at random times rather than at regular times. The time distance between one collision and the next is given by a distribution, called the ...
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Design and Construction of a Positive Radio-Frequency Ion Source for the Production of Negative Ions

Design and Construction of a Positive Radio-Frequency Ion Source for the Production of Negative Ions

Date: August 1958
Creator: Thompson, B. Cecil
Description: It is the purpose of this paper to present a detailed account of the design and construction of this positive-ion source and associated equipment.
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Design and Testing of a Coincidence System

Design and Testing of a Coincidence System

Date: January 1961
Creator: Barnes, W. L., Jr.
Description: This paper is concerned with the design, testing and performance of a coincidence system, the proposed North Texas State College accelerator.
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Design and Testing of a Corona Column and a Closed Gas Distribution System for a Tandem Van de Graaff Voltage Generator

Design and Testing of a Corona Column and a Closed Gas Distribution System for a Tandem Van de Graaff Voltage Generator

Date: June 1962
Creator: Gray, Thomas Jack
Description: The purpose of this study had been to design and test a corona column and an insulating gas distribution system for a small tandem Van de Graaff. The intent of this paper is to describe the gas handling system and to compare experimentally the effects of corona electrode shape on the corona current carried between adjacent sections of the column.
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Design and Testing of a Positive Ion Accelerator and Necessary Vacuum System

Design and Testing of a Positive Ion Accelerator and Necessary Vacuum System

Date: August 1953
Creator: McKay, Vern A.
Description: This thesis is a study of the design and testing of a positive ion accelerator and necessary vacuum system.
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Detection of the Resonant Vibration of the Cellular Membrane Using Femtosecond Laser Pulses

Detection of the Resonant Vibration of the Cellular Membrane Using Femtosecond Laser Pulses

Date: December 1989
Creator: Jamasbi, Nooshin
Description: An optical detection technique is developed to detect and measure the resonant vibration of the cellular membrane. Biological membranes are active components of living cells and play a complex and dynamic role in life processes. They are believed to have oscillation modes of frequencies in the range of 1 to 1000 GHz. To measure such a high-frequency vibration, a linear laser cavity is designed to produce a train of femtosecond pulses of adjustable repetition rate. The method is then directly applied to liposomes, "artificial membrane", stained with a liphophilic potential sensitive dye. The spectral behavior of a selection of potential sensitive dyes in the membrane is also studied.
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A Determination of the Bothe Depression Factor for Discs in Water

A Determination of the Bothe Depression Factor for Discs in Water

Date: August 1950
Creator: Patton, Bob
Description: The purpose of this work is to determine experimentally the depression of the neutron density by a detecting foil. The depression factor is known as the "self-shading" of the foil.
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A Determination of the Fine Structure Constant Using Precision Measurements of Helium Fine Structure

A Determination of the Fine Structure Constant Using Precision Measurements of Helium Fine Structure

Date: August 2010
Creator: Smiciklas, Marc
Description: Spectroscopic measurements of the helium atom are performed to high precision using an atomic beam apparatus and electro-optic laser techniques. These measurements, in addition to serving as a test of helium theory, also provide a new determination of the fine structure constant α. An apparatus was designed and built to overcome limitations encountered in a previous experiment. Not only did this allow an improved level of precision but also enabled new consistency checks, including an extremely useful measurement in 3He. I discuss the details of the experimental setup along with the major changes and improvements. A new value for the J = 0 to 2 fine structure interval in the 23P state of 4He is measured to be 31 908 131.25(30) kHz. The 300 Hz precision of this result represents an improvement over previous results by more than a factor of three. Combined with the latest theoretical calculations, this yields a new determination of α with better than 5 ppb uncertainty, α-1 = 137.035 999 55(64).
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Deterministic Brownian Motion

Deterministic Brownian Motion

Date: August 1993
Creator: Trefán, György
Description: The goal of this thesis is to contribute to the ambitious program of the foundation of developing statistical physics using chaos. We build a deterministic model of Brownian motion and provide a microscpoic derivation of the Fokker-Planck equation. Since the Brownian motion of a particle is the result of the competing processes of diffusion and dissipation, we create a model where both diffusion and dissipation originate from the same deterministic mechanism - the deterministic interaction of that particle with its environment. We show that standard diffusion which is the basis of the Fokker-Planck equation rests on the Central Limit Theorem, and, consequently, on the possibility of deriving it from a deterministic process with a quickly decaying correlation function. The sensitive dependence on initial conditions, one of the defining properties of chaos insures this rapid decay. We carefully address the problem of deriving dissipation from the interaction of a particle with a fully deterministic nonlinear bath, that we term the booster. We show that the solution of this problem essentially rests on the linear response of a booster to an external perturbation. This raises a long-standing problem concerned with Kubo's Linear Response Theory and the strong criticism against it by van ...
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