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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1920-1929
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
The Aerodynamic Laboratory of the Belgian Service Technique de L'Aeronautique

The Aerodynamic Laboratory of the Belgian Service Technique de L'Aeronautique

Date: December 1924
Creator: unknown
Description: This report provides a description of the wind tunnel housing and motors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The aerodynamic plane table

The aerodynamic plane table

Date: 1924?~
Creator: Zahm, A F
Description: This report gives the description and the use of a specially designed aerodynamic plane table. For the accurate and expeditious geometrical measurement of models in an aerodynamic laboratory, and for miscellaneous truing operations, there is frequent need for a specially equipped plan table. For example, one may have to measure truly to 0.001 inch the offsets of an airfoil at many parts of its surface. Or the offsets of a strut, airship hull, or other carefully formed figure may require exact calipering. Again, a complete airplane model may have to be adjusted for correct incidence at all parts of its surfaces or verified in those parts for conformance to specifications. Such work, if but occasional, may be done on a planing or milling machine; but if frequent, justifies the provision of a special table. For this reason it was found desirable in 1918 to make the table described in this report and to equip it with such gauges and measures as the work should require.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The aerodynamic properties of thick aerofoils suitable for internal bracing

The aerodynamic properties of thick aerofoils suitable for internal bracing

Date: 1920
Creator: Norton, F H
Description: The object of this investigation was to determine the characteristics of various types of wings having sufficient depth to entirely inclose the wing bracing, and also to provide data for the further design of such sections. This type of wing is of interest because it eliminates the resistance of the interplane bracing, a portion of the airplane that sometimes absorbs one-quarter of the total power required to fly, and because these wings may be made to give a very high maximum lift. Results of the investigation of the following subjects are given: (1) effect of changing the upper and lower camber of thick aerofoils of uniform section; (2) effect of thickening the center and thinning the tips of a thin aerofoil; (3) effect of adding a convex lower surface to a tapered section; (4) effect of changing the mean thickness with constant center and tip sections; and (5) effect of varying the chord along the span.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamic properties of thick airfoils  II

Aerodynamic properties of thick airfoils II

Date: 1923?~
Creator: Norton, F H & Bacon, D L
Description: This investigation is an extension of NACA report no. 75 for the purpose of studying the effect of various modifications in a given wing section, including changes in thickness, height of lower camber, taper in thickness, and taper in plan form with special reference to the development of thick, efficient airfoils. The method consisted in testing the wings in the NACA 5-foot wind tunnel at speeds up to 50 meters (164 feet) per second while they were being supported on a new type of wire balance. Some of the airfoils developed showed results of great promise. For example, one wing (no. 81) with a thickness in the center of 4.5 times that of the U. S. A. 16 showed both uniformly high efficiency and a higher maximum lift than this excellent section. These thick sections will be especially useful on airplanes with cantilever construction. (author).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamic theory and test of strut forms. Part I

Aerodynamic theory and test of strut forms. Part I

Date: May 1928
Creator: Smith, R H
Description: This report presents the first part of a two part study made under this title. In this part the symmetrical inviscid flow about an empirical strut of high service merit is found by both the Rankine and the Joukowsky methods. The results can be made to agree as closely as wished. Theoretical stream surfaces as well as surfaces of constant speed and pressure in the fluid about the strut are found. The surface pressure computed from the two theories agrees well with the measured pressure on the fore part of the model but not so well on the after part. From the theoretical flow speed the surface friction is computed by an empirical formula. The drag integrated from the friction and measured pressure closely equals the whole measured drag. As the pressure drag and the whole drag are accurately determined, the friction formula also appears trustworthy for such fair shapes. (author).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamic theory and tests of strut forms. Part II

Aerodynamic theory and tests of strut forms. Part II

Date: May 1929
Creator: Smith, R H
Description: This report presents the second of two studies under the same title. In this part five theoretical struts are developed from distributed sources and sinks and constructed for pressure and resistance tests in a wind tunnel. The surface pressures for symmetrical inviscid flow are computed for each strut from theory and compared with those found by experiment. The theoretical and experimental pressures are found to agree quantitatively near the bow, only qualitatively over the suction range, the experimental suctions being uniformly a little low, and not at all near the stern. This study is the strut sequel to Fuhrmann's research on airship forms, the one being a study in two dimensions, the other in three. A comparison of results indicates that the agreement between theory and experiment is somewhat better for bodies of revolution than for cylinders when both are shaped for slight resistance. The consistent deficiency of the experimental suctions which is found in the case of struts was not found in the case of airships, for which the experimental suctions were sometimes above sometimes below their theoretical values.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The aerodynamical laboratory of the Vienna Technical High School

The aerodynamical laboratory of the Vienna Technical High School

Date: February 1922
Creator: Katzmayr, R & Kirste, L
Description: We will give here only a short explanation of the operation of the plant and deal principally with the question of what it has accomplished.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamics and ballistics

Aerodynamics and ballistics

Date: July 1922
Creator: Burzio, Filippo
Description: Ballistics is a science hundreds of years old and this report is an attempt to show how these older principles can be used in the newer science of aerodynamics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeromechanical experimentation (wind tunnel tests)

Aeromechanical experimentation (wind tunnel tests)

Date: April 1929
Creator: Katzmayr, R
Description: The following report endeavors to show that aeromechanical experimentation has become an important aid to theory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruction in Germany

Aeronautic instruction in Germany

Date: November 1921
Creator: Bouche, Henri
Description: This report contains a list of the courses relating to aeronautics announced in Germany, both in the technical high schools and in the universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments

Aeronautic instruments

Date: February 1924
Creator: Koppe, H & Everling, E
Description: The development of aeronautic instruments. Vibrations, rapid changes of the conditions of flight and of atmospheric conditions, influence of the air stream all call for particular design and construction of the individual instruments. This is shown by certain examples of individual instruments and of various classes of instruments for measuring pressure, change of altitude, temperature, velocity, inclination and turning or combinations of these.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section I : general classification of instruments and problems including bibliography

Aeronautic instruments. Section I : general classification of instruments and problems including bibliography

Date: 1925
Creator: Hersey, Mayo D.
Description: This report is intended as a technical introduction to the series of reports on aeronautic instruments. It presents a discussion of those subjects which are common to all instruments. First, a general classification is given, embracing all types of instruments used in aeronautics. Finally, a classification is given of the various problems confronted by the instrument expert and investigator. In this way the following groups of problems are brought up for consideration: problems of mechanical design, human factor, manufacturing problems, supply and selection of instruments, problems concerning the technique of testing, problems of installation, problems concerning the use of instruments, problems of maintenance, and physical research problems. This enumeration of problems which are common to instruments in general serves to indicate the different points of view which should be kept in mind in approaching the study of any particular instrument.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section II : altitude instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section II : altitude instruments

Date: 1923?
Creator: Mears, A. H.; Henrickson, H. B. & Brombacher, W. G.
Description: This report is Section two of a series of reports on aeronautic instruments (Technical Report nos. 125 to 132, inclusive). This section discusses briefly barometric altitude determinations, and describes in detail the principal types of altimeters and barographs used in aeronautics during the recent war. This is followed by a discussion of performance requirements for such instruments and an account of the methods of testing developed by the Bureau of Standards. The report concludes with a brief account of the results of recent investigations. For accurate measurements of altitude, reference must also be made to thermometer readings of atmospheric temperature, since the altitude is not fixed by atmospheric pressure alone. This matter is discussed in connection with barometric altitude determination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section III : aircraft speed instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section III : aircraft speed instruments

Date: 1923?
Creator: Hunt, Franklin L. & Stearns, H. O.
Description: Part 1 contains a discussion and description of the various types of air speed measuring instruments. The authors then give general specifications and performance requirements with the results of tests on air speed indicators at the Bureau of Standards. Part 2 reports methods and laboratory apparatus used at the Bureau of Standards to make static tests. Methods are also given of combining wind tunnel tests with static tests. Consideration is also given to free flight tests. Part 3 discusses the problem of finding suitable methods for the purpose of measuring the speed of aircraft relative to the ground.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section IV : direction instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section IV : direction instruments

Date: 1923?~
Creator: Franklin, W. S.; Stillman, M. H.; Sanford, R. L.; Warner, John A. C.; Sylvander, R. C. & Rounds, E. W.
Description: Part one points out the adequacy of a consideration of the steady state gyroscopic motion as a basis for the discussion of displacements of the gyroscope mounted on an airplane, and develops a simple theory on this basis. Principal types of gyroscopic inclinometers are described and requirements stated. Part two describes a new type of stabilizing gyro mounted on top of a spindle by means of a universal joint, the spindle being kept in a vertical position by supporting it as a pendulum of which the bob is the driving motor. Methods of tests and the difficulties in designing a satisfactory and reliable compass for aircraft use in considered in part three. Part four contains a brief general treatment of the important features of construction of aircraft compasses and description of the principal types used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section V : power plant instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section V : power plant instruments

Date: 1923
Creator: Washburn, G. E.; Sylvander, R. C.; Mueller, E. F.; Wilhelm, R. M.; Eaton, H. N. & Warner, John A. C.
Description: Part 1 gives a general discussion of the uses, principles, construction, and operation of airplane tachometers. Detailed description of all available instruments, both foreign and domestic, are given. Part 2 describes methods of tests and effect of various conditions encountered in airplane flight such as change of temperature, vibration, tilting, and reduced air pressure. Part 3 describes the principal types of distance reading thermometers for aircraft engines, including an explanation of the physical principles involved in the functioning of the instruments and proper filling of the bulbs. Performance requirements and testing methods are given and a discussion of the source of error and results of tests. Part 4 gives methods of tests and calibration, also requirements of gauges of this type for the pressure measurement of the air pressure in gasoline tanks and the engine oil pressure on airplanes. Part 5 describes two types of gasoline gauges, the float type and the pressure type. Methods of testing and calibrating gasoline depth gauges are given. The Schroeder, R. A. E., and the Mark II flowmeters are described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : aerial navigation and navigating instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : aerial navigation and navigating instruments

Date: 1923?~
Creator: Eaton, H. N.
Description: This report outlines briefly the methods of aerial navigation which have been developed during the past few years, with a description of the different instruments used. Dead reckoning, the most universal method of aerial navigation, is first discussed. Then follows an outline of the principles of navigation by astronomical observation; a discussion of the practical use of natural horizons, such as sea, land, and cloud, in making extant observations; the use of artificial horizons, including the bubble, pendulum, and gyroscopic types. A description is given of the recent development of the radio direction finder and its application to navigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : oxygen instruments

Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : oxygen instruments

Date: 1923?~
Creator: Hunt, F. L.
Description: This report contains statements as to amount of oxygen required at different altitudes and the methods of storing oxygen. The two types of control apparatus - the compressed oxygen type and the liquid oxygen type - are described. Ten different instruments of the compressed type are described, as well as the foreign instruments of the liquid types. The performance and specifications and the results of laboratory tests on all representative types conclude this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic instruments. Section VIII : recent developments and outstanding problems

Aeronautic instruments. Section VIII : recent developments and outstanding problems

Date: 1923
Creator: Hunt, F. L.
Description: This report is section VIII of a series of reports on aeronautic instruments. The preceding reports in this series have discussed in detail the various types of aeronautic instruments which have reached a state of practical development such that they have already found extensive use. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss briefly some of the more recent developments in the field of aeronautic instrument design and to suggest some of the outstanding problems awaiting solution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautic insurance

Aeronautic insurance

Date: March 1922
Creator: Neal, Erik
Description: The problem of insuring the emerging commercial aeronautic industry is detailed. The author also motes that a complete solution cannot be obtained until the necessary statistics are compiled.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautical instruments

Aeronautical instruments

Date: June 1923
Creator: Bennewitz, Kurt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautical museums

Aeronautical museums

Date: November 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P
Description: Different methods of presenting aeronautical artifacts are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aeronautical record : no. 1 (to June, 1923)

Aeronautical record : no. 1 (to June, 1923)

Date: December 1923
Creator: unknown
Description: "...considerations have prompted us to pay special attention to the development of aeronautical industries and aerial navigation as a commercial enterprise and to publish an analytical review of events in the aeronautical world and of the attendant problems.".
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air cooling : an experimental method of evaluating the cooling effect of air streams on air-cooled cylinders

Air cooling : an experimental method of evaluating the cooling effect of air streams on air-cooled cylinders

Date: May 1927
Creator: Alcock, J F
Description: In this report is described an experimental method which the writer has evolved for dealing with air-cooled engines, and some of the data obtained by its means. Methods of temperature measurement and cooling are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department