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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Serial/Series Title: Office of Saline Water Reports
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Summary Evaluation of Conceptual Design for 50 MGD Desalination Plant
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water discussing the conceptual design of a 50 MGD water desalination plant. Numerous design concepts are presented, along with detailed descriptions and comparisons of the different designs. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Economics and Use of Large Scale Electrodialysis Plants on Selected Tidal Estuarial Waters
Report concerning the relative costs of providing water via an electrodialysis-based water desalination plant that was only to be operated during periods of drought.
Design and Economic Study of a Gas Turbine Powered Vapor Compression Plant for Evaporation of Seawater
Report that "presents the results of an engineering study of the design and economics of a single purpose gas tubine powered vapor compression cycle seawater desalting plant." (p. 1)
Development of Propane Hydrate Desalting Process
Report that summarizes research on the propane hydrate saline water conversion process. Contains the design of the plant where the testing occurred as well as summaries of the tests.
Transport Processes in Electrochemically Controlled Ion-Exchange Desalination
No Description
Study of 250-MGD Multistage Flash Distillation Plant with Two-Level Brine Flow
No Description
Freon-12 Hydrate Desalting Process
Report that "evaluates an operation program of a hydrate process for the desalination of sea water in a 10,000 GPD plant located at the Office of Saline Water Research and Development Test Station (Wrightsvile Beach Test Facility at Wrightsville Beach, New Carolina) for the period march 1967 through July 1968" (p. i).
Development of Water Purification Systems Based on Reverse Osmosis
Report demonstrating the concept of a small and disposable reverse-osmosis cartridge. Research includes "1) a search for suitable membrane supporting structures and materials during which the hydrodynamic characteristics of a number of potential materials were evaluated, 2) the evaluation of reverse-osmosis membranes cast directly on support materials and on reinforcing materials, and 3) the design, fabrication and testing of a small reverse-osmosis cartridge" (p. 1).
Evaluation of Concrete and Related Materials for Desalination Plants: Second Annual Progress Report
Report investigating concrete for use in a sea water desalination plant. Concretes containing both natural and limestone aggregates were tested under the temperature, pressure, salinity, and structural stress conditions that could be expected in such a plant.
Conceptual Design Study of a 250-Million Gallons Per Day Combined Vertical Tube-Flash Evaporator Desalination Plant
Report containing a design study of a 250 million gallons per day desalination plant. Contains a description of the desalination process, information regarding the design's efficiency, estimated capital and production costs
Sea Water Corrosion Test Program
No Description
Development of Mathematical Model and Computer Program for Optimization of VTE Saline Water Plants
Report concerning "the development of techniques and mathematical models for an optimum design of a Vertical Tube Evaporator desalting plant." (p. 1)
Optimum Brine Heater Outlet Temperature in Sea Water Conversion Evaporators
No Description
Second Annual Report: Saline Water Demonstration Plant Number 3, Webster, South Dakota
No Description
Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Hydrate Systems
No Description
Design Study of A Reverse Osmosis Plant for Sea Water Conversion
No Description
Desorption of Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen From Sea Water
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies on seawater degasification with a focus on desorption of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The results are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Dropwise Condensation Characteristics of Permanent Hydrophobic Systems
Report regarding the development of a new approach to dropwise condensation, understanding the role of nucleation in the process, and the possibility of permanent dropwise condensing surfaces. Report includes historical background, experiments with elements and dropwise condensation, economic considerations, and publications that came from his program.
Second Two Years' Progress on Study and Field Evaluation of Solar Sea-Water Stills
No Description
Analysis and Summary Report of Operation Guantanamo Naval Base Desalination Facility
Report analyzing the Guantanamo Naval Base 2.25 MGD desalting and power generation facility in order to create a guide for the research and development programs for the Office of Saline Water and for commercial desalinization facilities.
Engineering Evaluation of Factors Affecting Quality of Water Sources Available for Saline Water Conversion Plants
Report investing the "effects of contaminated raw water supplies on conversion processes," and studying "potential technical and economic advantages of combination saline water and sewage effluent conversion plants" (p. 1).
An Engineering Evaluation of the Long-Tube Vertical Falling-Film Distillation Process
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over engineering studies on the long-tube vertical falling-film distillation process. As stated in the introduction, "it is the objective of this report to study the falling-film distillation and to prepare an engineering evaluation of the process and the design of major items of equipment, with particular emphasis upon improving production and operational reliability and upon reducing product cost" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Investigation of Supersaturation in Saline Water Conversion
No Description
A Study and Development of the Hickman Sea-Water Still
No Description
Evaluation of a Thin-Film Sea Water Distillation Unit for Marine and Shore Base Application
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on a thin film sea water distillation unit. As stated in the summary, "a General Electric Thin Film Sea Water Distillation Unit designed for marine application has been evaluated. The results demonstrate the feasibility of the thin film process for this application. The technology made available by this work provides criteria for the design of compact equipment" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Investigation of the Availability of Geothermal Energy for the Demineralization of Saline Water
No Description
Vapor Compression with Secondary Heat-Transfer Media
No Description
A New Process for the Production of Fresh Water From Sea Water
No Description
Removal of Scale-Forming Compounds from Sea Water
No Description
Study and Field Evaluation of Solar Sea-Water Stills
No Description
Corrosion of Metals in Sea Water
Report issued by the Office of Saline over the corrosive properties of sea water on metals. As stated in the report, "the following paragraphs outline the major factors which influence corrosion reactions" (p. 2). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Saline Water Conversion by Freezing: An Integral Processing unit Using a Secondary Refrigerant
No Description
Case Studies of Desalted Water for Irrigation
Report studying the use of desalinated water for irrigation at three locations in Arizona and California. Costs and benefits are measured among several different areas, including multiple concentrations of desalinated water, different desalting methods, and the desalting process.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Vertical Tube Evaporator Pilot Plant Annual Report for Fiscal Year 1969
No Description
Operation of the Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant, San Diego, California, Annual Report, Volume 1
Report documenting the operation and economic considerations of the multi-stage flash distillation plant in San Diego, California.
Fabrication of Felt-Membrane Composites
Report containing development information and economic evaluation of felt membrane composition meant for use as a reverse osmosis desalination membrane.
Aluminum Heat Transfer Surfaces Multistage Flash Distillation Plant
Report issued by the Office of Saline over studies conducted on heat transfer of aluminum alloy in multistage flash distillation plants. Results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Development of Economical Methods of Boron Removal From Irrigation Return Waters
Report that examines a method for reducing the boron levels of irrigation return waters to nonphytotoxic levels.
Feasibility of Obtaining a Solid Dry Brine Effluent From Inland Desalination Plants
Report documenting the use of multiple-effect evaporation and direct-contact drying as the least expensive and most feasible of ten processes used in converting brine effluents into dry solids.
Second Report on Horizontal-Tubes Multiple-Effect Process Pilot Plant Tests and Design
No Description
Evaluation of the Vertical Tube Evaporator and the Multistage Flash Desalination Processes
Report that compares and evaluates "the relative thermodynamic and engineering characteristics and economics of the Vertical Tube Evaporator (VTE) and the Multistage Flash (MSF) process" (p. 1) for use in 250 Millions of Gallons per Day (MGD) and 2.5 MGD desalination plants.
Development of Tubular Reverse Osmosis Module Assembly Techniques
Report concerning the development of equipment and processes required for the production of porous wall reverse osmosis tubes lined with membrane material deposited by extrusion. These include a chilled water membrane gellation system, "a heat treat fixture permitting simultaneous heat treatment of several reverse osmosis tubes" (p. 1), and the optimization of the structure of fiberglass filament/resin composite material.
Economic Effects of Mineral Content in Municipal Water Supplies
No Description
Experimental Investigation of Direct Freeze Separation Process Using Refrigerant R-C318 (Octafluorocyclobutane)
Report concerning the possible use of octafluorocyclobutane, R-C318, being used in the direct freezing process as a means of extracting fresh water from sea water. Topics include using R-C318 to make ice, flash precooling, design of a small direct freezing pilot plant using R-C318, and related economic studies.
Equipment Components for Large Evaporator Plants: A Summary Report
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on equipment needed at seawater distillation plants. Each equipment component is discussed in detail. This report includes tables, illustrations, and a photograph.
Parametric Economic and Engineering Evaluation Study of the Electrodialysis Process for Water Desalination
No Description
Third Annual Report: Brackish Water Conversion Demonstration Plant Number 4, Roswell, New Mexico
No Description
Investigation of Membrane Stack Resistance Increase With a Natural Brackish Water
No Description
Evaluation of Liquid-Liquid Heat Transfer for Large-Scale Desalination
Report evaluating the possibility of eliminating corrodible metallic heat transfer surfaces from sea water desalination streams, using direct-contact liquid-liquid heat transfer instead.
Scale Control With Graphite Heat-Transfer Tubes of Controlled Permeability to Steam
No Description