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Consideration of auxiliary jet propulsion for assisting take-off

Consideration of auxiliary jet propulsion for assisting take-off

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Turner, L Richard
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The flow of a compressible fluid past a sphere

The flow of a compressible fluid past a sphere

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Description: The flow of a compressible fluid past a sphere fixed in a uniform stream is calculated to the third order of approximation by means of the Janzen-Rayleigh method. The velocity and the pressure distribution over the surface of the sphere are computed and the terms involving the fourth power of the Mach number, neglected in Rayleigh's calculation, are shown to be of considerable importance as the local velocity of sound is approached on the sphere. The critical Mach number, that is, the value of the Mach number at which the maximum velocity of the fluid past the sphere is just equal to the local velocity of sound, is calculated for both the second and the third approximation and is found to be, respectively, Mcr=0.587 and Mcr=0.573.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
On the theory of unsteady planing and the motion of a wing with vortex separation

On the theory of unsteady planing and the motion of a wing with vortex separation

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Sedov, L
Description: The disturbance imparted to water by a planing body give rise to a wave form of motion on the free surface, the length of the waves increasing indefinitely with increase in the Froude number and being directly proportional to the latter in the case of the plane or two-dimensional problem. At large Froude numbers the effect of the weight shows up to any appreciable extent only at some distance from the body, so that the flow near the body can be considered as part of a flow of an infinitely extending weightless fluid. This paper is a consideration of these characteristics as well as a formulation of the planing problem and its relation to the problem of a thin wing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pressure-distribution investigation of an NACA 0009 airfoil with an 80-percent-chord plain flap and three tabs

Pressure-distribution investigation of an NACA 0009 airfoil with an 80-percent-chord plain flap and three tabs

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Ames, Milton B , Jr & Sears, Richard I
Description: Pressure-distribution tests of an NACA 0009 airfoil with an 80-percent-chord plain flap and three plain tabs, having chord of 10, 20, and 30 percent of the flap chord, were made. Section data suitable for application to the design of horizontal and vertical tail surfaces were obtained. Resultant-pressure diagrams for the airfoil with the flap and the 20-percent-chord tab are presented. Plots are also given of increments of normal-force and hinge-moment coefficients for the airfoil, the flap, and the three tabs. A comparison of some characteristic slopes for the 30-, the 50-, and the 80-percent-chord flaps, tested in the general investigation of plain flaps for control surfaces, is included. Section aerodynamic and load data have been made available for a wide range of flap and a tab chords to be used on an NACA 0009 airfoil or on other conventional sections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pressure-distribution investigation on an NACA 0009 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord plain flap and three tabs

Pressure-distribution investigation on an NACA 0009 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord plain flap and three tabs

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Ames, Milton B & Sears, Richard I
Description: Pressure-distribution tests of an NACA 0009 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord plain flap and three plain tabs, having chords 10, 20, and 30 percent of the flap chord, were made. The purpose of these tests was to continue an investigation to supply structural and aerodynamic section data that may be applied to the design of horizontal and vertical tail surfaces. The results are presented as diagrams of resultant pressures and of resultant-pressure increments for the airfoil with the flap and the 20-percent-chord tab. Increments of normal-force and hinge-moment coefficients for the airfoil, the flap, and the three tabs are also given. At all unstalled flap and tab deflections, the experimental distributions agree well with those calculated by an analytical method. The agreement is poor, however, then the stalled or the unstalled condition of the flap or tab deflected alone was changed to an unstalled or stalled condition by the simultaneous deflection of both the flap and the tab.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Some data on the static longitudinal stability and control of airplanes : design of control surfaces

Some data on the static longitudinal stability and control of airplanes : design of control surfaces

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Martinov, A & Kolosov, E
Description: In the solution of a number of problems on the stability and controllability of airplanes, there arises the necessity for knowing the characteristics of the tail surfaces of the types in common use today. Of those characteristics, the most important are the effectiveness and hinge moments of the tail surfaces. As has been shown in the present paper, there exists the possibility of determining these characteristics by the formulas obtained with a degree of accuracy sufficient for the purposes of preliminary computation. These formulas take into account a number of fundamental tail characteristics such as tail cut-outs on the control surface and the form of the control surface leading edge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind-tunnel investigation of two airfoils with 25-percent-chord Gwinn and plain flaps

Wind-tunnel investigation of two airfoils with 25-percent-chord Gwinn and plain flaps

Date: May 1, 1940
Creator: Ames, Milton B , Jr
Description: Aerodynamic force tests of an NACA 23018 airfoil with a Gwinn flap having a chord 25 percent of the overall chord and of an NACA 23015 airfoil with a plain flap having a 25-percent chord were conducted to determine the relative merits of the Gwinn and the plain flaps. The tests indicated that, based on speed-range ratios, the plain flap was more effective than the Gwinn flap. At small flap deflections, the plain flap had lower drag coefficients at lift-coefficient values less than 0.70. For lift coefficients greater than 0.70, however, the Gwinn flap at all downward flap deflections had the lower drag coefficients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A full-scale investigation of the effect of several factors on the shimmy of cantering wheels

A full-scale investigation of the effect of several factors on the shimmy of cantering wheels

Date: April 1, 1940
Creator: Howard, Walter B , Jr
Description: A full-scale investigation has been conducted to determine the effect of various factors on the shimmy of castering wheels. The factors considered were the geometric arrangement, the tire types, the variations of load, the spindle moment of inertia, and the tire inflation. A comparison of the results of the present investigation with those calculated from existing theory was made. The constants needed in the calculations to determine the damping required for a castering wheel were measured. The results indicate that solid friction appears to be impracticable as the sole damping agent for castering nose wheels on large airplanes. Also it was concluded that the existing theory is adequate for calculating the damping required to prevent shimmy. The caster angle and the spindle moment of inertia were found to influence the solid friction required to prevent shimmy. The effect of variations in the type and the pressure of the tire was insignificant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High-Speed Tests of a Model Twin-Engine Low-Wing Transport Airplane

High-Speed Tests of a Model Twin-Engine Low-Wing Transport Airplane

Date: April 1, 1940
Creator: Becker, John V. & Leonard, Lloyd H.
Description: Force tests were made of a 1/8-scale model of a twin-engine low-wing transport airplane in the NACA 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel to investigate compressibility and interference effects at speeds up to 450 miles per hour. In addition to tests of the standard arrangement of the model tests were made with several modifications designed to reduce the drag and to increase the critical speed. The results show serious increases in drag at critical speeds below 450 miles per hour due to the occurrence of compressibility burbles on the standard radial-engine cowlings, on sections of the wing as a result of wing-nacelle interference, and on the semi-retracted main landing wheels. The critical speed at which the shock occurred on the standard cowlings was 20 miles per hour lower in the presence of the fuselage than in the presence of the wing only. The drag of the complete model was reduced 25% at 300 miles per hour by completely retracting the landing gear, fairing the windshield irregularities, and substituting streamline nacelles (with allowance made for the proper amount of cooling-air flow) for the standard nacelle arrangement. The values of the critical Mach number were extended from 0.47 to 0.60 as a result of ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The lead susceptibility of fuels and its dependence on the chemical composition

The lead susceptibility of fuels and its dependence on the chemical composition

Date: April 1, 1940
Creator: Widmaier, O
Description: The fact that by the use of tetraethyl lead a number of otherwise unsuitable fuels could be made to meet engine requirements was not sufficiently appreciated. While use of tetraethyl lead is limited, the addition of special leaded fuels that increase the octane number is a requirement for many fuels. In this connection, the extent to which the action of tetraethyl lead through the addition of knock-resistant hydrocarbons to the base gasoline is influenced, is quite important. To the elucidation of this problem and of the storage stability of leaded fuels, the present report is dedicated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department