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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Beamline Initiative. Conceptual Design Report

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Beamline Initiative. Conceptual Design Report

Date: May 1993
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: The DOE is building a new generation 6-7 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source known as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. This facility, to be completed in FY 1996, can provide 70 x-ray sources of unprecedented brightness to meet the research needs of virtually all scientific disciplines and numerous technologies. The technological research capability of the APS in the areas of energy, communications and health will enable a new partnership between the DOE and US industry. Current funding for the APS will complete the current phase of construction so that scientists can begin their applications in FY 1996. Comprehensive utilization of the unique properties of APS beams will enable cutting-edge research not currently possible. It is now appropriate to plan to construct additional radiation sources and beamline standard components to meet the excess demands of the APS users. In this APS Beamline Initiative, 2.5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on four straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional four bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these eight x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided ...
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7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Instrumentation Initiative. Conceptual Design Report

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Instrumentation Initiative. Conceptual Design Report

Date: October 1992
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: In this APS Instrumentation Initiative, 2.5-m-long and 5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on 9 straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional 9 bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these 18 x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided to build state-of-the-art insertion-device beamlines to meet scientific and technological research demands well into the next century. This new initiative will also include four user laboratory modules and a special laboratory designed to meet the x-ray imaging research needs of the users. The Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the APS Instrumentation Initiative describes the scope of all the above technical and conventional construction and provides a detailed cost and schedule for these activities. According to these plans, this new initiative begins in FY 1994 and ends in FY 1998. The document also describes the preconstruction R & D plans for the Instrumentation Initiative activities and provides the cost estimates for the required R & D.
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Actinide Recovery Using Aqueous Biphasic Extraction: Initial Developmental Studies

Actinide Recovery Using Aqueous Biphasic Extraction: Initial Developmental Studies

Date: August 1992
Creator: Chaiko, David J.; Mensah-Biney, R.; Mertz, C. J. & Rollins, A. N.
Description: Aqueous biphasic extraction systems are being developed to treat radioactive wastes. The separation technique involves the selective partitioning of either solutes or colloid-size particles between two scible aqueous phases. Wet grinding of plutonium residues to an average particle size of one micron will be used to liberate the plutonium from the bulk of the particle matrix. The goal is to produce a plutonium concentrate that will integrate with existing and developing chemical recovery processes. Ideally, the process would produce a nonTRU waste stream. Coupling physical beneficiation with chemical processing will result in a substantial reduction in the volume of mixed wastes generated from dissolution recovery processes. As part of this program, we will also explore applications of aqueous biphasic extraction that include the separation and recovery of dissolved species such as metal ions and water-soluble organics. The expertise and data generated in this work will form the basis for developing more cost-effective processes for handling waste streams from environmental restoration and waste management activities within the DOE community. This report summarizes the experimental results obtained during the first year of this effort. Experimental efforts were focused on elucidating the surface and solution chemistry variables which govern partitioning behavior of plutonium ...
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Activities and Operations of Argonne's Advanced Computing Research Facility : February 1990 through April 1991

Activities and Operations of Argonne's Advanced Computing Research Facility : February 1990 through April 1991

Date: May 1991
Creator: Pieper, Gail W.
Description: This report reviews the activities and operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility (ACRF) from February 1990 through April 1991. The ACRF is operated by the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory. The facility's principal objective is to foster research in parallel computing. Toward this objective, the ACRF operates experimental advanced computers, supports investigations in parallel computing, and sponsors technology transfer efforts to industry and academia.
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Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : January 1989-January 1990

Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : January 1989-January 1990

Date: February 1990
Creator: Pieper, Gail W.
Description: This report reviews the activities and operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility (ACRF) for the period January 1, 1989, through January 31, 1990. The ACRF is operated by the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory. The facility's principal objective is to foster research in parallel computing. Toward this objective, the ACRF continues to operate experimental advanced computers and to sponsor new technology transfer efforts and new research projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Date: January 1995
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.
Description: This report summarizes the work that was completed in FY 1992 on the program "Technology Development for Concentrating Process Streams." The purpose of this program is to evaluate and develop evaporator technology for concentrating radioactive waste and product streams such as those generated by the TRUEX process. Concentrating these streams and minimizing the volume of waste generated can significantly reduce disposal costs; however, equipment to concentrate the streams and recycle the decontaminated condensates must be installed. LICON, Inc., is developing an evaporator that shows a great deal of potential for this application. In this report, concepts that need to be incorporated into the design of an evaporator operated in a radioactive environment are discussed. These concepts include criticality safety, remote operation and maintenance, and materials of construction. Both solubility and vapor-liquid equilibrium data are needed to design an effective process for concentrating process streams. Therefore, literature surveys were completed and are summarized in this report. A model that is being developed to predict vapor phase compositions is described. A laboratory-scale evaporator was purchased and installed to study the evaporation process and to collect additional data. This unit is described in detail. Two new LICON evaporators are being designed for installation ...
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Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Fernald soils. Annual Report, October 1993 - September 1994

Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Fernald soils. Annual Report, October 1993 - September 1994

Date: March 1995
Creator: Buck, E. C.; Brown, N. R. & Dietz, N. L.
Description: A combination of backscattered electron imaging and analytical electron microscopy (AEM) with electron diffraction have been used to determine the physical and chemical properties of uranium contamination in soils from the Fernald Environmental Management Project in Ohio. The information gained from these studies has been used in the development and testing of remediation technologies.
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Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Uranium-Contaminated Soils from the Fernald Site, FY1993 Report

Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Uranium-Contaminated Soils from the Fernald Site, FY1993 Report

Date: October 1994
Creator: Buck, E. C.; Cunnane, J. C.; Brown, N. R. & Dietz, N. L.
Description: A combination of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with backscattered electron detection (SEM/BSE), and analytical electron microscopy (AEM) is being used to determine the nature of uranium in soils from the Fernald Environmental Management Project. The information gained from these studies is being used to develop and test remediation technologies. Investigations using SEM have shown that uranium is contained within particles that are typically 1 to 100 micrometers in diameter. Further analysis with AEM has shown that these uranium-rich regions are made up of discrete uranium-bearing phases. The distribution of these uranium phases was found to be inhomogeneous at the microscopic level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management

Date: June 1994
Creator: Bates, John K.; Bourcier, W. L.; Bradley, C. R.; Brown, N. R.; Buck, E. C.; Carroll, S. A. et al.
Description: A program was established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are anticipated to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, especially in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
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ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report for October 1991 - September 1992

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report for October 1991 - September 1992

Date: May 1993
Creator: Bates, John K.
Description: Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are anticipated to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, especially in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
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ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1990 - September 1991

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1990 - September 1991

Date: March 1992
Creator: Bates, John K.
Description: A program has been established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are likely to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, with emphasis on an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
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ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1993 - September 1994

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1993 - September 1994

Date: June 1995
Creator: Bates, John K.
Description: A program was established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are anticipated to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, especially in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Technical Report

Annual Technical Report

Date: May 1991
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.
Description: Highlights of the Chemical Technology Division's activities during 1990, including electrochemical technology and advanced batteries and fuel cells, technology for coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics and fluidized-bed combustion, methods for recovery of energy from municipal waste, and techniques for treatment of hazardous organic waste, the reaction of nuclear waste glass and spent fuel under conditions expected for a high-level waste repository.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Technical Report

Annual Technical Report

Date: March 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.
Description: Highlights of the Chemical Technology (CMT) Division's activities during 1989 are presented. In this period, CMT conducted research and development in the following areas: (1) electrochemical technology, including high-performance batteries (mainly lithium/iron sulfide and sodium/metal chloride), aqueous batteries (lead-acid and nickel/iron), and advanced fuel cells with molten carbonate and solid oxide electrolytes; (2) coal utilization, including the heat and seed recovery technology for coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics plants and the technology for fluidized-bed combustion; (3) method, for recovery of energy from municipal waste and techniques for treatment of hazardous organic waste; (4) nuclear technology related to a process for separating and recovering transuranic elements from nuclear waste and for producing 99Mo from low-enriched uranium targets, the recovery processes for discharged fuel and the uranium blanket in a sodium-cooled fast reactor (the Integral Fast Reactor), and waste management; and (5) physical chemistry of selected materials in environments simulating those of fission and fusion energy systems.
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The Application of Automated Reasoning to Proof Translation and to Finding Proofs with Specified Properties: a Case Study in Many-Valued Sentential Calculus

The Application of Automated Reasoning to Proof Translation and to Finding Proofs with Specified Properties: a Case Study in Many-Valued Sentential Calculus

Date: August 1991
Creator: Wos, Larry & McCune, William W.
Description: In both mathematics and logic, many theorems exist such that each can be proved in entirely different ways. For a striking example, there exist theorems from group theory that can be proved by relying solely on equality and (from the viewpoint of automated reasoning) the use of paramodulation, but can also be proved in a notation in which equality is totally absent and the inference rule is condensed detachment (captured with a single clause and the rule hyper-resolution). A study of such examples immediately shows how far from obvious is the problem of producing a proof in one system even in the presence of a proof in another; such problems can be viewed as ones of translation, where the rules of translation and the translation itself are frequently difficult to obtain. In this report, we discuss in detail various techniques that can be applied by the automated reasoning program OTTER to address the translation problem to obtain a proof in one notation and inference system given a proof in a completely different notation and inference system. To illustrate the techniques, we present a full treatment culminating in a successful translation'' of a proof of a theorem from many-valued sentential calculus. ...
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Application of NMR Spectroscopy and Multidimensional Imaging to the Gelcasting Process and in-situ Real-Time Monitoring of Cross-Linking Polyacrylamide Gels

Application of NMR Spectroscopy and Multidimensional Imaging to the Gelcasting Process and in-situ Real-Time Monitoring of Cross-Linking Polyacrylamide Gels

Date: April 1995
Creator: Ahuja, S.; Dieckman, S. L.; Gopalsami, Nachappa; Raptis, A. C. & Omatete, Oritsegbemi O.
Description: In the gelcasting process, a slurry of ceramic powder in a solution of organic monomers is cast in a mold. The process is different from injection molding in that it separates mold-filling from setting during conversion of the ceramic slurry to a formed green part. In this work, NMR spectroscopy and imaging have been conducted for in-situ monitoring of the gelation process and for mapping the polymerization. ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance spectra have been obtained during polymerization of a premix of soluble reactive methacrylamide (monomer) and N, N'-methylene bisacrylamide (cross-linking molecules). The premix was polymerized by adding ammonium persulfate (initiator) and tetramethyl-ethylene-diamine (accelerator) to form long-chain, cross-linked polymers. The time-varying spin-lattice relaxation times T₁ during polymerization have been studied at 25 and 35 C, and the variation of spectra and T₁ with respect to extent of polymerization has been determined. To verify homogeneous polymerization, multidimensional NMR imaging was utilized for in-situ monitoring of the process. The intensities from the images are modeled and the correspondence shows a direct extraction of T₁ data from the images.
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Application of the NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] Unsaturated Test Method to Actinide Doped SRL [Savannah River Laboratory] 165 Type Glass

Application of the NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] Unsaturated Test Method to Actinide Doped SRL [Savannah River Laboratory] 165 Type Glass

Date: August 1990
Creator: Bates, John K. & Gerding, Thomas J.
Description: The results of tests done using the Unsaturated Test Method are presented. These tests, done to determine the suitability of glass in a potential high-level waste repository as developed by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project, simulate conditions anticipated for the post-containment phase of the repository when only limited contact between the waste form and water is expected. The reaction of glass occurs via processes that are initiated due to glass/water vapor and glass/liquid water contact. Vapor interaction results in the initiation of an exchange process between water and the more mobile species (alkalis and boron) in the glass. The liquid reaction produces interactions similar to those seen in standard leaching tests, except due to the limited amount of water present and the presence of partially sensitized 304L stainless steel, the formation of reaction products greatly exceeds that found in MCC-1 type leach tests. The effect of sensitized stainless steel on the reaction is to enhance breakdown of the glass matrix thereby increasing the release of the transuranic elements from the glass. However, most of the plutonium and americium released is entrained by either the metal components of the test or by the reaction phases, and is not released ...
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Applied Physical Chemistry Progress Report, October 1991 - September 1992

Applied Physical Chemistry Progress Report, October 1991 - September 1992

Date: December 1993
Creator: Johnson, C. E.
Description: This document reports on the work done in applied physical chemistry at the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in the period October 1991 through September 1992. this work includes research into the process that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions in a light water reactor, the thermophysical properties of the metal fuel in the Integral Fast Reactor under development at ANL, and the properties of candidate tritium breeding materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems.
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Aqueous Biphasic Extraction of Uranium and Thorium from Contaminated Soils : Final Report

Aqueous Biphasic Extraction of Uranium and Thorium from Contaminated Soils : Final Report

Date: July 1995
Creator: Chaiko, David J.; Gartelmann, J.; Henriksen, J. L.; Krause, T. R.; Deepak; Vojta, Y. et al.
Description: The aqueous biphasic extraction (ABE) process for soil decontamination involves the selective partitioning of solutes and fine particulates between two immiscible aqueous phases. The biphase system is generated by the appropriate combination of a water-soluble polymer (e.g., polyethylene glycol) with an inorganic salt (e.g., sodium carbonate). Selective partitioning results in 99 to 99.5% of the soil being recovered in the cleaned-soil fraction, while only 0.5 to 1% is recovered in the contaminant concentrate. The ABE process is best suited to the recovery of ultrafine, refractory material from the silt and clay fractions of soils. During continuous countercurrent extraction tests with soil samples from the Fernald Environmental Management Project site (Fernald, OH), particulate thorium was extracted and concentrated between 6- and 16-fold, while the uranium concentration was reduced from about 500 mg/kg to about 77 mg/kg. Carbonate leaching alone was able to reduce the uranium concentration only to 146 mg/kg. Preliminary estimates for treatment costs are approximately $160 per ton of dry soil. A detailed flowsheet of the ABE process is provided.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year

Date: July 1991
Creator: Golchert, N. W.; Duffy, T. L. & Moos, L. P.
Description: This report discusses the results of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL) for 1990. To evaluate the effects of ANL operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the ANL site were analyzed and compared to applicable guidelines and standards.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1989

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1989

Date: April 1990
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Description: This report discusses the results of the environmental monitoring program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for 1989. To evaluate the effects of ANL operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the ANL site were analyzed and compared. A variety of radionuclides were measured in air, surface water, groundwater, soil, grass, bottom sediment, and milk samples.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1991

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1991

Date: May 1992
Creator: Golchert, N. W.; Duffy, T. L. & Moos, L. P.
Description: This report discusses the results of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL) for 1991. To evaluate the effects of ANL operations on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the ANL site were analyzed and compared to applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides was measured in air, surface water, groundwater, soil, grass, and bottom sediment samples.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1992

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1992

Date: May 1993
Creator: Golchert, N. W. & Kolzow, R. G.
Description: This report discusses the results of the environmental protection program at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL) for 1992. To evaluate the effects of ANL operations .on the environment, samples of environmental media collected on the site, at the site boundary, and off the ANL site were analyzed and compared to applicable guidelines and standards. A variety of radionuclides was measured in air, surface water, groundwater, soil, grass, and bottom sediment samples.
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Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1993

Argonne National Laboratory-East Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1993

Date: May 1994
Creator: Golchert, N. W. & Kolzow, R. G.
Description: This annual report on the ANL environmental protection program provides the DOE, environmental agencies, and the public with information on the levels of radioactive and chemical pollutants in the vicinity of ANL and on the amounts, if any, added to the environment by ANL operations. It also summarizes compliance of ANL operations with applicable environmental laws and regulations and highlights significant accomplishments and problems related to environmental protection. The report follows the guidelines given in DOE Order 5400.1.
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