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 Decade: 1930-1939
 Serial/Series Title: NACA Technical Memorandums
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
The 5- by 7-meter wind tunnel of the DVL

The 5- by 7-meter wind tunnel of the DVL

Date: October 3, 1936
Creator: Kramer, M
Description: The report contains a description of the DVL wind tunnel. According to the cones fixed, an elliptical stream with axes 5 by 7 meters and length 9 meters, or a stream 6 by 8 meters in cross section and 11 meters in length is available. The top speed with the smaller cone is 65 meters per second. The testing equipment consists of an automatic six-component balance and a test rig for propellers and engines up to 650 horsepower.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1929 Rhon soaring-flight contest

The 1929 Rhon soaring-flight contest

Date: April 1930
Creator: Lippisch, Alexander
Description: The limitation of the 1929 contest to performance gliders necessitated the establishment of a formula which would make it possible to distinguish between performance gliders and school and training gliders. The sinking speed was therefore adopted as the basis for such a distinction, and the requirement was made that the sinking speed of a performance glider should not exceed 0.8 m/s. The rest of the report details the different entries with regard to design and performance.
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The 1933 contest for the Deutsch de la Meurthe trophy

The 1933 contest for the Deutsch de la Meurthe trophy

Date: October 1933
Creator: Leglise, Pierre; Hirschauer, L & Saladin, Raymond
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1934 contest for the Deutsch de la Meurthe trophy

The 1934 contest for the Deutsch de la Meurthe trophy

Date: February 1935
Creator: Leglise, Pierre
Description: This report presents a description of the rules, history and new technical innovations in the Deutsch de la Meurthe Cup race of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Aachen wind-tunnel balance

The Aachen wind-tunnel balance

Date: November 1934
Creator: Wieselsberger, C
Description: A description of the balance in the Aachen wind-tunnel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accurate calculation of multispar cantilever and semicantilever wings with parallel webs under direct and indirect loading

Accurate calculation of multispar cantilever and semicantilever wings with parallel webs under direct and indirect loading

Date: March 1932
Creator: Sanger, Eugen
Description: In the present report the computation is actually carried through for the case of parallel spars of equal resistance in bending without direct loading, including plotting of the influence lines; for other cases the method of calculation is explained. The development of large size airplanes can be speeded up by accurate methods of calculation such as this.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Activation of hydrocarbons and the octane number

Activation of hydrocarbons and the octane number

Date: October 1939
Creator: Peschard, Marcel
Description: This report presents an examination of the history of research on engine knocking and the various types of fuels used in the investigations of this phenomenon. According to this report, the spontaneous ignition of hydrocarbons doped with oxygen follows the logarithmic law within a certain temperature range, but not above 920 degrees K. Having extended the scope of investigations to prove hydrocarbons, the curves of the mixtures burned by air should then be established by progressive replacement of pure iso-octane with heptane. Pentane was also examined in this report.
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Additional test data on static longitudinal stability

Additional test data on static longitudinal stability

Date: August 1934
Creator: Hubner, Walter
Description: The purpose of this investigation was to explore the influence of weights of the controls on the stability with elevator released. The available test data were extended to stability with elevator locked. In this connection the study of the propeller effect seemed of vital importance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The aerodynamic aspect of wing-fuselage fillets

The aerodynamic aspect of wing-fuselage fillets

Date: February 1935
Creator: Muttray, H
Description: Model tests prove the feasibility of enhancing the aerodynamic qualities of wing-fuselage fillets by appropriate design of fuselage and wing roots. Abrupt changes from maximum fuselage height to wing chord must be avoided and every longitudinal section of fuselage and wing roots must be so faired and arranged as to preserve the original lift distribution of the continuous wing. Adapting the fuselage to the curvilinear circulation of the wing affords further improvement. The polars of such arrangements are almost the same as those of the "wing alone," thus voiding the superiority of the high-wing type airplane known with conventional design.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamic forces and moments of a seaplane on the water

Aerodynamic forces and moments of a seaplane on the water

Date: November 1933
Creator: Kohler, M
Description: This report gives the results of wind-tunnel tests with a seaplane model as a contribution to the solution of the aerodynamic problems. In the tests it was assumed that the seaplane rested motionless on the water and was exposed, in various positions with respect to the supposedly flat surface of the water, to a uniform air current 0 to 360 degrees.
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Aerodynamic principles of the direct lifting propeller

Aerodynamic principles of the direct lifting propeller

Date: January 1934
Creator: Schrenk, Martin
Description: The purpose of this report is to make the complicated processes on the direct-lift propeller amenable to analysis and observation. This is accomplished by placing the physical phenomena, starting with the most elementary process, in the foreground, while limiting the mathematical treatment to the most essential in view of the fundamental defects of the theorems. Comparison with model experiments supplements and corroborates the theoretical results.
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The aerodynamic safety of airplanes

The aerodynamic safety of airplanes

Date: September 1932
Creator: Kahn, Louis
Description: This report presents several hypotheses regarding airplane safety, mainly concerning the nondimensional coefficient of air, speed, acceleration, and wing area on aerodynamic considerations of safety.
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The aerodynamic wind vane and the inherent stability of airplanes

The aerodynamic wind vane and the inherent stability of airplanes

Date: February 1931
Creator: Lapresle, A
Description: The design of the wind vane described rests on the following line of reasoning: An airplane, originally in equilibrium about its C.G. is assumed to be deflected from this position through an angle (delta)i, the variation (delta)i being so sudden that the path of the C.G. and the airplane speed do not change while it is taking place. The aerodynamic forces acting on the wings, tail surfaces, fuselage, etc., which, as a whole, exerted a zero moment (M(sub G) = 0) about the center of gravity at the instant of equilibrium, now exert a moment M(sub G) not equal to 0.
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Aeronautical education and research at the Swiss Institute of Technology in Zurich

Aeronautical education and research at the Swiss Institute of Technology in Zurich

Date: April 1931
Creator: Karner, L & Ackeret, J
Description: Progress in the scientific and practical fields of aviation has caused the Swiss Institute of Technology to organize lectures and practical training courses in all three branches of aeronautics and to found centers of scientific research, laboratories, etc., in order to supply the government and industries with scientifically and technically trained engineers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The aeronautical laboratory of the Stockholm Technical Institute

The aeronautical laboratory of the Stockholm Technical Institute

Date: March 1935
Creator: Malmer, Ivar
Description: This report presents a detailed analysis and history of the construction and operation of the aeronautical laboratory of the Stockholm Technical Institute. Engines and balances are discussed and experimental results are also given.
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Air forces and air-force moments at large angles of attack and how they are affected by the shape of the wing

Air forces and air-force moments at large angles of attack and how they are affected by the shape of the wing

Date: July 1930
Creator: Fuchs, Richard & Schmidt, Wilhelm
Description: None
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An airfoil spanning an open jet

An airfoil spanning an open jet

Date: September 1933
Creator: Stuper, J
Description: Proceeding from the fundamental problem on the mutual relation of a wing and free boundaries the distribution of the circulation is determined for an airfoil spanning an open jet of rectangular section at different aspect ratios, and then for an open jet of circular section. The solution is obtained by means of a Fourier series and computations have been performed for different values of the variables. The second part describes the experiments performed for the purpose of proving the theory. The results confirm the theory. In conclusion it defines the induced drag of a wing extending across an open jet and compares it with the drag of a monoplane having a span equal to the jet width at equal total lift.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airfoil Theory at Supersonic Speed

Airfoil Theory at Supersonic Speed

Date: June 1939
Creator: Schlichting, H
Description: A theory is developed for the airfoil of finite span at supersonic speed analogous to the Prandtl airfoil theory of 1918-1919 for incompressible flow. In addition to the profile and induced drags, account must be taken at supersonic flow of still another drag, namely, the wave drag, which is independent of the wing aspect ratio. Both wave and induced drags are proportional to the square of the lift and depend on the Mach number, that is, the ratio of flight to sound speed. In general, in the case of supersonic flow, the drag-lift ratio is considerably less favorable than is the case for incompressible flow. Among others the following examples are considered: 1) lifting line with constant lift distribution (horseshoe vortex); 2) computation of wave and induced drag and the twist of a trapezoidal wing of constant lift density; 3) computation of the lift distribution and drag of an untwisted rectangular wing.
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Airplane flight in the stratosphere

Airplane flight in the stratosphere

Date: February 1932
Creator: De Caria, Ugo
Description: This brief survey of the problems encountered in high-altitude flight deals in particular with the need for high lift coefficient in the wings, large aspect ratios in the wings, and also the problem of hermetically sealing the cabin.
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Airplane landing gear

Airplane landing gear

Date: July 1931
Creator: Maiorca, Salvatore
Description: This report presents an investigation of the design and construction of various types of landing gears. Some of the items discussed include: chassises, wheels, shock absorbers (rubber disk and rubber cord), as well as oleopneumatic shock absorbers. Various types of landing gears are also discussed such as the Messier, Bendix, Vickers, and Bleriot.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airplane stability in taxying

Airplane stability in taxying

Date: September 1, 1932
Creator: Anderlik, E
Description: The stability analysis of an airplane while rolling is much more simplified to the extent that it can be obtained for numerical data which can be put to practical use in the design of landing gear dimensions. Every landing gear type attains to a critical ground friction coefficient that decides the beginning of instability, i.e., nosing over. This study has, in addition, a certain interest for the use of wheel brakes.
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Analysis of spinning in a monoplane wing by the induction method as compared with the strip method

Analysis of spinning in a monoplane wing by the induction method as compared with the strip method

Date: June 1, 1934
Creator: Poggi, L
Description: The problem of autorotation has been attacked by various authors, in particular Fuchs and Schmidt who applied the so-called strip method which is based upon the assumption that the forces and moments per unit length acting in each section of the wing are equal to those on an infinite cylindrical wing of equal section in an air flow of intensity and direction resulting from the apparent relative motion of this section with respect to the surrounding air. In other words they disregarded the induced velocities, which, however, are of such importance that their omission is bound to result in appreciable errors, as we attempt to prove in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of the three lowest bending frequencies of a rotating propeller

Analysis of the three lowest bending frequencies of a rotating propeller

Date: January 1936
Creator: Liebers, F
Description: The available literature on rotating propeller oscillations reveals a lack of uniformity in interpretation, particularly as concerns the data on the overtone frequency with respect to the centrifugal forces. The present report is a survey of the existing data for computing the bending frequency and a check on the dependability of the calculating methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The apparent width of the plate in compression

The apparent width of the plate in compression

Date: July 1, 1937
Creator: Marguerre, Karl
Description: The following investigation treats the load capacity of a rectangular plate stressed in compression on one direction (x) beyond the buckling limit. The plate is rotatable (i.e., free from moments) supported at all four sides by bending-resistant beams.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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