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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1950-1959
 Year: 1957
 Serial/Series Title: NACA Technical Memorandums
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Aerodynamic Forces on a Vibrating Unstaggered Cascade

Aerodynamic Forces on a Vibrating Unstaggered Cascade

Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Soehngen, H.
Description: The unsteady aerodynamic forces, [based on two-dimensional incompressible flow considerations], are determined for an unstaggered cascade, the blades of which are vibrating in phase in an approach flow parallel to the blades.
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Effect of Fatigue Crack on Static Strength: 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, 7075-T6 Open-Hole Monobloc Specimens

Effect of Fatigue Crack on Static Strength: 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, 7075-T6 Open-Hole Monobloc Specimens

Date: May 1, 1957
Creator: Nordmark, Glenn E.
Description: Static tensile test results are presented for specimens of 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, and 7075-T6 aluminum alloy containing fatigue cracks. The results are found to be in good agreement with the results reported for similar tests from other sources. The results indicate that the presence of a fatigue crack reduced the static strength, in all cases, by an amount larger than the corresponding reduction in net area; the 6061-T6 alloy specimens were least susceptible to the crack and the 7075-T6 alloy specimens were most susceptible. It is indicated that a 7075-T6 specimen may develop as little as one-third of the expected static tensile strength when the fatigue crack was consumed only one-fourth of the original area. It was found that the static strength was substantially higher for specimens which had stop holes drilled at the end of the fatigue crack.
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The Effect of Solid Admixtures on the Velocity of Motion of a Free Dusty Air Jet

The Effect of Solid Admixtures on the Velocity of Motion of a Free Dusty Air Jet

Date: April 1, 1957
Creator: Chernov, A. P.
Description: In dusty air flows occurring in industrial practice in transport by air pressure of friable materials, in the drying, annealing, and so forth, of a pulverized solid mass in suspension, and in other processes, the concentration of solid particles usually has a magnitude of the order of 1 kg per 1 kg of air. At such a concentration, the ratio of the volume of the particles to the volume of the air is small (less than one-thousandth part). However, regardless of this, the presence of a solid admixture manifests itself in the rules for the velocity distribution of the air in a dusty air flow. As a result, the rules of velocity change are different for clean and for dusty air flows. The estimation of the influence of the admixture on the velocity of the motion of the flow presents a definitive interest. One of the attempts to estimate that influence on the axial velocity of a free axially symmetrical jet with admixtures was made by Abramovich. Abramovich assumed beforehand that the fine particles of the admixture in the jet are subject to the motion of the air (that is, that the velocity of the admixture is approximately equal to ...
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Investigation of an Afterburning Ramjet Using Gaseous Hydrogen as Fuel at Mach Number of 3.0

Investigation of an Afterburning Ramjet Using Gaseous Hydrogen as Fuel at Mach Number of 3.0

Date: June 17, 1957
Creator: Wasserbauer, J. F.
Description: Afterburning ramjet using hydrogen at mach 3.0.
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NACA Conference on Aircraft Loads, Structures, and Flutter

NACA Conference on Aircraft Loads, Structures, and Flutter

Date: March 5, 1957
Creator: unknown
Description: This document contains reproductions of technical papers on some of the most recent research results on aircraft loads, flutter, and structures from the NACA laboratories. These papers were presented by members of the staff of the NACA laboratories at the Conference held at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory March 5, 6, and 7, 1957. The primary purpose of this Conference was to convey to contractors of the military services and others concerned with the design of aircraft these recent research results and to provide those attending an opportunity to discuss the results. The papers in this document are in the same form in which they were presented at the Conference in order to facilitate their prompt distribution. The original presentation and this record are considered as complementary to, rather than as substitutes for, the Committee?s more complete and formal reports. Accordingly, if information from this document is utilized it is requested that this document not be listed as a reference. Individual reports dealing with most of the information presented at the Conference will subsequently be published by NACA and will therefore be suitable as reference material.
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On the Spectrum of Natural Oscillations of Two-Dimensional Laminar Flows

On the Spectrum of Natural Oscillations of Two-Dimensional Laminar Flows

Date: December 1, 1957
Creator: Grohne, D.
Description: In the investigation of stability of a two-dimensional laminar flow with respect to small disturbances, a disturbance of the stream function moving downstream (in the direction of the x-axis) by the "partial wave formula" is described.
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On the Use of the Harmonic Linearizaiton Method in the Automatic Control Theory

On the Use of the Harmonic Linearizaiton Method in the Automatic Control Theory

Date: January 1, 1957
Creator: Popov, E. P.
Description: The method of harmonic linearization (harmonic balance), first proposed by N. M. Krylov and N. N. Bogolyubov for the approximate investigation of nonlinear vibrations, has been developed and received wide practical application to problems in the theory of automatic control. Recently, some doubt has been expressed on the legitimacy of application of the method to these problems, and assertions were made on the absence in them of a small parameter of any kind. Nevertheless, the method gives practical, acceptable results and is a simple and powerful means in engineering computations. Hence, the importance of questions arises as to its justification. The underlying principle of the method is the replacement of the given nonlinear equation by a linear equation. In establishing the method, a small parameter is considered whose presence makes it possible to speak, with some degree of approximation, of the solution of this new equation to the solution of the given nonlinear equation. In an article by the author, certain considerations were given on the presence of the small parameter, but this question has not as yet received a final answer. In the present report, a somewhat different approach to the problem is applied that permits: (a) establishing, in ...
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The Principles of Turbulent Heat Transfer

The Principles of Turbulent Heat Transfer

Date: September 1, 1957
Creator: Reichardt, H.
Description: The literature on turbulent heat transfer has in the course of years attained a considerable volume. Since this very complicated problem has not as yet found a complete solution, further studies in this field may be expected. The heat engineer must therefore accomodate himself to a constantly increasing number of theories and formulas. Since the theories generally start from hypothetical assumptions, and since they contain true and false assertions, verified knowledge and pure suppositions often being intermingled in a manner difficult to tell them apart, the specialist had difficulty in forming a correct evaluation of the individual studies. The need therefore arises for a presentation of the problem of turbulent heat transfer which is not initially bound by hypothetical assumptions and in which uninvestigated can be clearly distinguished form each other. Such a presentation will be given in the present treatment. Brief remarks with regard to the development of the theory of local heat transfer are included.
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Reflection and Refraction of Acoustic Waves by a Shock Wave

Reflection and Refraction of Acoustic Waves by a Shock Wave

Date: July 1, 1957
Creator: Brillouin, J.
Description: The presence of sound waves in one or the other of the fluid regions on either side of a shock wave is made apparent, in the region under superpressure, by acoustic waves (reflected or refracted according to whether the incident waves lie in the region of superpressure or of subpressure) and by thermal waves. The characteristics of these waves are calculated for a plane, progressive, and uniform incident wave. In the case of refraction, the refracted acoustic wave can, according to the incidence, be plane, progressive, and uniform or take the form of an 'accompanying wave' which remains attached to the front of the shock while sliding parallel to it. In all cases, geometrical constructions permit determination of the kinematic characteristics of the reflected or refractive acoustic waves. The dynamic relationships show that the amplitude of the reflected wave is always less than that of the incident wave. The amplitude of the refracted wave, whatever its type, may in certain cases be greater than that of the incident wave.
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Steady Nuclear Combustion in Rockets

Steady Nuclear Combustion in Rockets

Date: April 1, 1957
Creator: Saenger, E.
Description: The astrophysical theory of stationary nuclear reactions in stars is applied to the conditions that would be met in the practical engineering cases that would differ from the former, particularly with respect to the much lower combustion pressures, dimensions of the reacting volume, and burnup times. This application yields maximum rates of hear production per unit volume of reacting gas occurring at about 10(exp 8) K in the cases of reactions between the hydrogen isotopes, but yields higher rates for heavier atoms. For the former, with chamber pressures of the order of 100 atmospheres, the energy production for nuclear combustion reaches values of about 10(exp 4) kilocalories per cubic meter per second, which approaches the magnitude for the familiar chemical fuels. The values are substantially lower for heavier atoms, and increase with the square of the combustion pressure. The half-life of the burnup in the fastest reactions may drop to values as low as those for chemical fuels so that, despite the high temperature, the radiated energy can remain smaller than the energy produced, particularly if an inefficiently radiating (i.e., easily completely ionized reacting material like hydrogen), is used. On the other hand, the fraction of completely ionized particles in ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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