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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Serial/Series Title: NACA Technical Reports
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Full-scale investigation of aerodynamic characteristics of a typical single-rotor helicopter in forward flight

Full-scale investigation of aerodynamic characteristics of a typical single-rotor helicopter in forward flight

Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Dingeldein, Richard C
Description: As part of the general helicopter research program being undertaken by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics to provide designers with fundamental rotor information, the forward-flight performance characteristics of a typical single-rotor helicopter, which is equipped with main and tail rotors, have been investigated in the Langley full-scale tunnel. The test conditions included operation of tip-speed ratios from 0.10 to 0.27 and at thrust coefficients from 0.0030 to 0.0060. Results obtained with production rotor were compared with those for an alternate set of blades having closer rib spacing and a smoother and more accurately contoured surface in order to evaluate the performance gains that are available by the use of rotor blades having an improved surface condition. The wind tunnel results are shown to be in fair agreement with the results of both flight tests and theoretical predictions.
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Laminar-boundary-layer oscillations and transition on a flat plate

Laminar-boundary-layer oscillations and transition on a flat plate

Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Schubauer, G B
Description: This is an account of an investigation in which oscillations were discovered in the laminar boundary layer along a flat plate. These oscillations were found during the course of an experiment in which transition from laminar to turbulent flow was being studied on the plate as the turbulence in the wind stream was being reduced to unusually low values by means of damping screens. The first part of the paper deals with experimental methods and apparatus, measurements of turbulence and sound, and studies of transition. A description is then given of the manner in which oscillations were discovered and how they were found to be related to transition, and then how controlled oscillations were produced and studied in detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equations for the design of two-dimensional supersonic nozzles

Equations for the design of two-dimensional supersonic nozzles

Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Pinkel, I Irving
Description: Equations are presented for obtaining the wall coordinates of two-dimensional supersonic nozzles. The equations are based on the application of the method of characteristics to irrotational flow of perfect gases in channels. Curves and tables are included for obtaining the parameters required by the equations for the wall coordinates. A brief discussion of characteristics as applied to nozzle design is given to assist in understanding and using the nozzle-design method of this report. A sample design is shown.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Method of designing cascade blades with prescribed velocity distributions in compressible potential flows

Method of designing cascade blades with prescribed velocity distributions in compressible potential flows

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Costello, George R
Description: By use of the assumption that the pressure-volume relation is linear, a solution to the problem of designing a cascade for a given turning and with a prescribed velocity distribution along the blade in a potential flow of a compressible perfect fluid was obtained by a method of correspondence between potential flows of compressible and incompressible fluids. The designing of an isolated airfoil with a prescribed velocity distribution along the airfoil is considered as a special case of cascade. If the prescribed velocity distribution is not theoretically attainable, the method provides a means of modifying the distribution so as to obtain a physically significant blade shape. Numerical examples are included.
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Linear theory of boundary effects in open wind tunnels with finite jet lengths

Linear theory of boundary effects in open wind tunnels with finite jet lengths

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Katzoff, S
Description: In the first part, the boundary conditions for an open wind tunnel (incompressible flow) are examined with special reference to the effects of the closed entrance and exit sections. Basic conditions are that the velocity must be continuous at the entrance lip and that the velocities in the upstream and downstream closed portions must be equal. In the second part, solutions are derived for four types of two-dimensional open tunnels, including one in which the pressures on the two free surfaces are not equal. Numerical results are given for every case. In general, if the lifting element is more than half the tunnel height from the inlet, the boundary effect at the lifting element is the same as for an infinitely long open tunnel. In the third part, a general method is given for calculating the boundary effect in an open circular wind tunnel of finite jet length. Numerical results are given for a lifting element concentrate at a point on the axis.
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On stability of free laminar boundary layer between parallel streams

On stability of free laminar boundary layer between parallel streams

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Lessen, Martin
Description: An analysis and calculations on the stability of the free laminar boundary layer between parallel streams were made for an incompressible fluid using the Tollmien-Schlichting theory of small disturbances. Because the boundary conditions are at infinity, two solutions of the Orr-Sommerfeld stability equations need not be considered, and the remaining two solutions are exponential in character at the infinite boundaries. The calculations show that the flow is unstable except for very low Reynolds numbers.
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Flight investigation of the effect of various vertical-tail modifications on the directional stability and control characteristics of a propeller-driven fighter airplane

Flight investigation of the effect of various vertical-tail modifications on the directional stability and control characteristics of a propeller-driven fighter airplane

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Johnson, Harold I
Description: A flight investigation was made to determine the effect of various vertical-tail modifications and of some combinations of these modifications on the directional stability and control characteristics of a propeller-driven fighter airplane. Six different vertical-tail configurations were investigated to determine the lateral-directional oscillation characteristics, the sideslip characteristics, the yaw due to ailerons in rudder-fixed rolls from turns and pull-outs, the trim changes due to speed changes, and the tim changes due to power changes. Results of the tests showed that increasing the aspect ratio of the vertical tail by 40 percent while increasing the area by only 12 percent approximately doubled the directional stability of the airplane. The pilots considered the directional characteristics of the airplane unsatisfactory with original vertical tail but satisfactory with the enlarged vertical tail. The ventral and dorsal fins tested had little effect on the directional stability of the airplane but were effective in eliminating rudder-force reversals in high-engine-power sideslips.
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General algebraic method applied to control analysis of complex engine types

General algebraic method applied to control analysis of complex engine types

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Boksenbom, Aaron S
Description: A general algebraic method of attack on the problem of controlling gas-turbine engines having any number of independent variables was utilized employing operational functions to describe the assumed linear characteristics for the engine, the control, and the other units in the system. Matrices were used to describe the various units of the system, to form a combined system showing all effects, and to form a single condensed matrix showing the principal effects. This method directly led to the conditions on the control system for noninteraction so that any setting disturbance would affect only its corresponding controlled variable. The response-action characteristics were expressed in terms of the control system and the engine characteristics. The ideal control-system characteristics were explicitly determined in terms of any desired response action.
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Two-dimensional compressible flow in centrifugal compressors with straight blades

Two-dimensional compressible flow in centrifugal compressors with straight blades

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Stanitz, John D
Description: Six numerical examples are presented for steady, two-dimensional, compressible, nonviscous flow in centrifugal compressors with thin straight blades, the center lines of which generate the surface of a right circular cone when rotated about the axis of the compressor. A seventh example is presented for incompressible flow. The solutions were obtained in a region of the compressors, including the impeller tip, that was considered to be unaffected by the diffuser vanes or by the impeller-inlet configuration. Each solution applies to radial and mixed flow compressors with various cone angles but with the same angle between blades on the conic flow surface. The solution also apply to radial and mixed flow turbines with the rotation and the flow direction reversed. The effects of variations in the following parameters were investigated: (1) flow rate, (2) impeller-tip speed, (3) variation of passage height with radius, and (4) angle between blades on conic flow surface. The numerical results are presented in plots of the streamlines and constant Mach number lines. Correlation equations are developed whereby the flow conditions in any impeller with straight blades can be determined (in the region investigated by this analysis) for all operating conditions.
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The calculation of downwash behind supersonic wings with an application to triangular plan forms

The calculation of downwash behind supersonic wings with an application to triangular plan forms

Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Lomax, Harvard
Description: A method is developed consistent with the assumptions of small perturbation theory which provides a means of determining the downwash behind a wing in supersonic flow for a known load distribution. The analysis is based upon the use of supersonic doublets which are distributed over the plan form and wake of the wing in a manner determined from the wing loading. The equivalence in subsonic and supersonic flow of the downwash at infinity corresponding to a given load distribution is proved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department