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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought information and advice from a broad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations whose contributions are gratefully acknowledged. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisers and reviewers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Date: June 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the health insurance status of adolescents (10 to 18 years of age) based on census data. It considers the reasons that some adolescents are insured and others are not, changes in the number of uninsured adolescents over time, and the effects of various approaches to ensure that more adolescents have insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 1: Summary and Policy Options

Adolescent Health, Volume 1: Summary and Policy Options

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA’s report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas. In addition, OTA was asked to: 1 ) identify risk and protective factors for adolescent health problems and integrate national data in order to understand the clustering of specific adolescent problems, 2) evaluate options in the organization of health services and technologies available to adolescents (including accessibility and financing), 3) assess options in the conduct of national health surveys to improve collection of adolescent health statistics, and 4) identify gaps in research on the health and behavior of adolescents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 2: Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services

Adolescent Health, Volume 2: Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 3: Crosscutting Issues in the Delivery of Health and Related Services

Adolescent Health, Volume 3: Crosscutting Issues in the Delivery of Health and Related Services

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: OTA’s report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime

Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime

Date: July 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: Adult education needs are difficult to define and difficult to meet; what constitutes adequate literacy changes continually as the demands facing individuals grow more complex. This report is an attempt to identify those capabilities, along with limitations, and outline how new information technologies can be marshaled to meet the goal of a fully literate citizenry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Automotive Technology: Visions of a Super-Efficient Family Car

Advanced Automotive Technology: Visions of a Super-Efficient Family Car

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report presents the results of the Office of Technology Assessment’s analysis of the prospects for developing automobiles that offer significant improvements in fuel economy and reduced emissions over the longer term (out to the year 2015). The report examines the likely costs and performance of a range of technologies and vehicle types, and the U.S. and foreign research and development programs for these technologies and vehicles (to allow completion of this study before OTA closed its doors, issues such as infrastructure development and market development--- critical to the successful commercialization of advanced vehicles-were not covered).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Materials by Design

Advanced Materials by Design

Date: June 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This assessment responds to a joint request from the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation to analyze the military and commercial opportunities presented by new structural materials technologies, and to outline the Federal policy objectives that are consistent with those opportunities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Network Technology

Advanced Network Technology

Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper analyzes technologies for tomorrow’s information superhighways. Advanced networks will first be used to support scientists in their work, linking researchers to supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments. The paper also describes six test networks that are being funded as part of the High Performance Computing and Communications Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems and Urban Traffic Problems

Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems and Urban Traffic Problems

Date: September 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems (AVHS),as an umbrella term for several interdependent vehicle and road technologies, that offers potential for reducing congestion and the air pollution it engenders, and for improving highway safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues

Adverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The purpose of this background paper is to describe the current state of development of HIV vaccines, and to discuss what is known about adverse reactions that may occur. The background paper provides an overview of ethical issues that arise in the conduct of HIV vaccine trials. The report also discusses alternatives to the current product liability system to encourage the development of HIV vaccines and to fairly compensate those who are harmed as a result of adverse reactions to the vaccine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines several proposals for reducing the costs of spacecraft and other payloads and describes launch systems for implementing them. It is one of a series of products of a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA at the request of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
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Africa Tomorrow: Issues in Technology, Agriculture, and U.S. Foreign Aid

Africa Tomorrow: Issues in Technology, Agriculture, and U.S. Foreign Aid

Date: December 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that discusses the "major issues constraining the development and transfer of sustainable technologies for low-resource food producers" (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
After the Cold War: Living With Lower Defense Spending

After the Cold War: Living With Lower Defense Spending

Date: February 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on ways to handle the dislocation of workers and communities that is, to some degree, inevitable in the defense cutback. It opens a discussion of how defense technologies might be converted to commercial applications. The second and final report of the assessment will continue that discussion and will concentrate on opportunities to channel human and technological resources into building a stronger civilian economy.
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Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning

Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the following: the outlook for safety management and economic life decisions for the Nation’s existing nuclear power plants as they age, the prospects for decommissioning, and current and potential Federal efforts that could contribute to more timely and better informed decisions regarding plant life and decommissioning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Commodities as Industrial Raw Materials

Agricultural Commodities as Industrial Raw Materials

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines potential new crops and traditional crops for industrial uses including replacements for petroleum and imported strategic materials; replacements for imported newsprint, wood rosins, rubbers, and oils; and degradable plastics. This report finds that, in the absence of additional and more comprehensive policies, developing industrial uses for agricultural commodities alone is unlikely to revitalize rural economies and solve the problems of American agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Postharvest Technology and Marketing Economics Research

Agricultural Postharvest Technology and Marketing Economics Research

Date: May 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that presents "findings and conclusions regarding the role of the public and private research participants in the PHTME (postharvest technology and marketing economics) research, the benefits and burdens of PHTME research, trends in PHTME research funding, quality of PHTME research, and management of PHTME research in the public sector (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Policies for the 1990s: a special report of OTA's assessment on emerging agricultural technology: issues for the 1990s

Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Policies for the 1990s: a special report of OTA's assessment on emerging agricultural technology: issues for the 1990s

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report addresses the central issues in the debate of the 1990 Farm Bill. It was requested as part of a larger study examining emerging agricultural technologies and related issues for the 1990s by the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the House Committee on Agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture, Trade, and Environment: Achieving Complementary Policies

Agriculture, Trade, and Environment: Achieving Complementary Policies

Date: May 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report provides information that can help align agricultural legislation with emerging needs and trends. Current policies do not ameliorate conflicts between agricultural production and environmental quality, between trade and the environment, and between agriculture and competitive trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aid to developing countries: the technology/ecology fit

Aid to developing countries: the technology/ecology fit

Date: June 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses primarily on AID and to a lesser extent on the World Bank. AID and the World Bank have made the most observable efforts to integrate environmental and development concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aids and health insurance: an OTA survey

Aids and health insurance: an OTA survey

Date: February 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This survey was conducted as part of an Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessment on medical testing and health insurance that will be published at a later date. OTA is also monitoring AIDS-related developments for the U.S. Congress, and the survey results are being published by OTA as the second in a series of Staff Papers on AIDS-related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aircraft Evacuation Testing: Research and Technology Issues

Aircraft Evacuation Testing: Research and Technology Issues

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes the OTA study that examined regulatory, research, and technology issues related to passenger safety and evacuation testing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport and Air Traffic Control System

Airport and Air Traffic Control System

Date: January 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that assesses "scenarios of future growth in air transportation; alternative ways to increase airport and terminal area capacity; technological and economic alternatives to the ATC (air traffic control) system modifications proposed by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration); and alternatives to the present ATC process" (p. 3).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport System Development

Airport System Development

Date: August 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines present conditions and future needs of the Nation's airports, with emphasis on possible solutions to problems of operational capacity and air travel delay" (p. iii).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department