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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Serial/Series Title: OTA background papers
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Review of a Protocol for a Study of Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Women Vietnam Veterans

Review of a Protocol for a Study of Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Women Vietnam Veterans

Date: December 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the study that has been proposed as a partial response to the mandate of Public Law 99-272; that law also requires approval from the Director of OTA before any such studies are undertaken, which is the reason for this review. This study is one of three that make up the full VA response to the mandate to look into the health of women Vietnam veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluating Defense Department Research

Evaluating Defense Department Research

Date: July 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper discusses briefly (1) the purposes of research directed toward support of the defense science and technology base and (2) criteria for judging government-supported, military oriented research portfolios. It will not cover, except tangentially, research into science and technology directed to civilian uses or the more advanced development phase of military weapons and systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Evaluation of Options for Managing Greater-Than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste

An Evaluation of Options for Managing Greater-Than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste

Date: October 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This evaluation of management options for greater-than-Class C (GTCC) low-level radioactive waste was undertaken at the request of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. The Committee asked that OTA evaluate existing Federal and non-Federal options for GTCC waste storage and disposal. From its analysis, OTA was to develop an integrated management approach to protect public health and safety in the short- and long term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies for the preservation of prehistoric & historic landscapes

Technologies for the preservation of prehistoric & historic landscapes

Date: July 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper shows, the implementation of Federal historic preservation laws with respect to historic landscapes lags far behind the effort expended on historic buildings and archaeological sites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies for underwater archaeology & maritime preservation

Technologies for underwater archaeology & maritime preservation

Date: September 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes and assesses the role of technology in underwater archaeology and historic maritime preservation. As several underwater projects have recently demonstrated, advanced technology, often developed for other uses, plays an increasingly important role in the discovery and recovery of historic shipwrecks and their contents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supercomputers: government plans & policies

Supercomputers: government plans & policies

Date: March 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper was requested by the House Committee on Science and Technology. Within the past 2 years, there has been a notable expansion in the Federal supercomputer programs and this increase prompted the committee’s request for a review of issues of resource management, networking, and the role of supercomputers in basic research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Big Dumb Boosters: A Low-Cost Space Transportation Option?

Big Dumb Boosters: A Low-Cost Space Transportation Option?

Date: February 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes and examines a launch vehicle concept commonly known as the “Big Dumb Booster,” a concept that derives from efforts first made in the 1960s to minimize costs of space launch systems. Some launch system analysts believe that the use of this concept, when applied to existing technology, could markedly reduce space transportation costs. Other analysts disagree.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and regulating carcinogens

Identifying and regulating carcinogens

Date: November 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper was requested by the House Government Operations Committee and its Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations and Human Resources. In it, OTA describes policies issued by Federal agencies concerning the identification, assessment, and regulation of carcinogenic chemicals; the chemicals that have been regulated because of carcinogenic risk; the Federal Government’s carcinogenicity testing program; and the results of OTA’s analysis of the extent of agency action on chemicals determined to be carcinogenic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Performance Standards for Secondary School Vocational Education

Performance Standards for Secondary School Vocational Education

Date: April 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Background Paper contains the results of OTA’s analysis. Throughout the study OTA sought and received the assistance of many individuals and organizations in the business, education, and government communities. Their thoughtful contributions and criticisms were invaluable, although their participation does not necessarily reflect their endorsement of the contents of the report, for which OTA bears sole responsibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grassroots Conservation of Biological Diversity in the United States

Grassroots Conservation of Biological Diversity in the United States

Date: February 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the technological and institutional aspects of biological data relevant to maintaining biological diversity in the United States focusing primarily on Federal data collection efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Screening Mammography in Primary Care Settings: Implications for Cost Access and Quality

Screening Mammography in Primary Care Settings: Implications for Cost Access and Quality

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This staff paper examines the implications for cost and quality, as well as for access to mammography, of expanding the supply of mammographic services in the primary care setting. The special issues raised by third-party businesses that package mammography services for primary care physicians are also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space stations and the law: selected legal issues

Space stations and the law: selected legal issues

Date: August 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report suggests that Congress need not wait for the completion of the current governmental negotiations in order to begin an examination of the legal issues resulting from space station development and operation. In the near term, Congress could: 1) begin to identify those Federal and State laws which already apply to space station activities and those that Congress believes should apply; 2) begin to resolve questions of power sharing between Federal and State laws and Federal and State courts as they relate to space station activities; and 3) monitor the space station negotiations to ensure that the final space station agreements protect the fundamental rights and interests of U.S. citizens and support U.S. policies, including those related to commercial activities in space.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education for Science and Engineering

Higher Education for Science and Engineering

Date: March 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper focuses on the end point of educational preparation for science and engineering careers — undergraduate and graduate study. It places the issue of future supply in the broad cultural context of changing demographics, labor market adjustments, and intervention policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hearing Impairment and Elderly People

Hearing Impairment and Elderly People

Date: May 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA background paper discusses the prevalence of hearing impairment and its impact on elderly people; hearing devices and services that may benefit them; and problems in the service delivery system that limit access to these devices and services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competition in Coastal Seas: An Evaluation of Foreign Maritime Activities in the 200-Mile EEZ

Competition in Coastal Seas: An Evaluation of Foreign Maritime Activities in the 200-Mile EEZ

Date: July 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper reviews the status of the major sectors of the maritime industry engaged in EEZ activities and notes the significant trends. Basic data on the major sectors were first prepared for OTA by the Maritime Administration. OTA then conducted a survey of industry and other interested parties and prepared the analyses in the paper.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Do Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?

Do Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?

Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper also responds to the request of the Congressional Sunbelt Caucus that OTA examine and judge the available evidence on whether Medicaid and Medicare patients, particularly obstetrics patients, are more litigious than other patients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does Vocational Education Help the "Forgotten Half"?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students

Does Vocational Education Help the "Forgotten Half"?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper uses very recent data to address that question for individuals just one year out of high school. The paper also presents data on the types of occupations that these young people engage in, and rough statistical correlations between those occupations and types of high-school-level vocational coursework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Royalty Management Program's Auditing and Financial System: Technical Issues

Royalty Management Program's Auditing and Financial System: Technical Issues

Date: July 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on royalty, rental, and bonus payments from non-fuel mineral leases on public lands are a oil and gas and other fuel and major source of income for the Federal government, States, and Indian Tribes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, technology, and the Constitution

Science, technology, and the Constitution

Date: September 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper summarizes and discusses major themes that are being explored in special reports the project on Science, Technology, and the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assessing Contractor Use in Superfund: a background paper of OTA's assessment on Superfund implementation

Assessing Contractor Use in Superfund: a background paper of OTA's assessment on Superfund implementation

Date: January 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report addresses five key questions; to what extent is superfund dependent on contractors? Why depend on contracting to such a great extent? Is the extent of superfund’s dependence on contracting appropriate? Does the extent of superfund’s dependence on contracting reduce environmental effectiveness? Is superfund’s heavy dependence on contracting cost effective?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Status of Federal Involvement in U.S. Aquaculture

Current Status of Federal Involvement in U.S. Aquaculture

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The purpose of this paper is to provide information on technology issues of immediate importance to the U.S. aquaculture industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State educational testing practices

State educational testing practices

Date: December 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses state educational testing practices. Testing as an indicator of educational attainment is a characteristic of the American educational system. While there are many questions surrounding the use of tests for various purposes, when American public policy turns periodically to focus on public education, tests tend to increase.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department