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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, October 1 - December 31, 1989
This quarterly report includes formal assessments, technical memoranda, background papers, testimony, staff papers, and administrative documents for the Technology Assessment Board.
Informational Technology and Its Impact on American Education : summary
This report documents two sets of conclusions: the impact of the information revolution driven by rapid advances in communication and computer technology, and how information technology can improve and enrich education.
Resource Analysis FY93
This is an OTA resource analysis report.
OTA Management Retreat
The agenda for the 1985 senior management retreat including OTA staff suggestion memos and other documentation.
Committee and Subcommittee Assignments for the 107th Congress
The Senate of the United States Committee and Subcommittee Assignments for the 107th congress.
OTA Senior Management Retreat
This document describes the activities at the OTA Senior Management Retreat in Rockwood Manor, Maryland, which was held from November 16-17, 1992.
Committee and Subcommittee Assignments for the 108th Congress
The Senate of United States Committee and Subcommittee Assignments for the 108th Congress.
Personnel Service Manual
This is a personnel services manual, which includes areas of responsibility and services provided.
Publishing Style and Procedures
In-house document for publishing procedures and conventions. It includes copy editing and grammar style.
Monitoring Limits on Sea-Launched Cruise Missiles
This report examines in detail ways in which compliance with such a regime might be monitored. Surveying the life-cycle of SLCMs from development testing through deployment and storage, the assessment identifies the ‘indicators’ by which the missiles might be tracked and accounted for. It also assesses the paths of evasion that a determined cheater might take to avoid the proposed monitoring measures.
Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants
This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Home Drug Infusion Therapy Under Medicare
This report deals with the drug and biological infusion treatments (including blood transfusions) being used in the home but not yet explicitly covered by Medicare in that setting. Medicare does cover total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in the home for individuals with long-term disabilities that prevent them from being able to digest food. TPN has many similarities to the therapies discussed in detail in this report, and many providers of HDIT also provide TPN and other nutritional products and services.
Police Body Armor Standards and Testing, Vol. II—Appendixes
This report is an extension of volume one, that discusses the standards for body-armor. The report describes the origin of the standard, the rationale for particular provisions, and the main points of controversy, which concern acceptable risks, the validity and discrimination of the test, and the reproducibility of results.
Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment
In this report, OTA provides a conceptual overview of how designers might integrate environmental concerns with traditional design objectives, and how policymakers can best take advantage of such opportunities. Although the concept of “green” design is gathering momentum, a number of technical, behavioral, economic, and informational barriers need to be addressed.
Special Care Units for People With Alzheimer's and Other Dementias: Consumer Education, Research, Regulatory, and Reimbursement Issues
This report analyzes the available information about special care units for people with dementia. It discusses ways in which the Federal Government could encourage and support what is positive about special care units and at the same time protect vulnerable patients and their families from special care units that actually provide nothing special for their residents.
Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion
This background paper examines wastes generated by industrial activities that play a dominant role in our national economy-oil and gas production, mining and mineral processing, coal combustion, and manufacturing. In previous reports on municipal solid waste and medical waste, OTA examined other solid wastes not classified as hazardous.
Technology Against Terrorism: Structuring Security
This report is devoted primarily to three other topics: interagency coordination of efforts in counterterrorist research and development, integrated security systems, and the role of human factors in aviation security. In addition, it furnishes details on a number of technologies that play a role in counterterrorism.
Performance Standards for the Food Stamp Employment and Training Program
This report on proposed performance standards for the Food Stamp Employment and Training Program (FSET) responds to a mandate in the Hunger Prevention Act of 1988 (Public Law 100- 435). This report, then, goes beyond the original mandate and analyzes successful employment and training programs. Based on this analysis, the report identifies several alternative approaches to increasing the impact of FSET.
Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience
This background paper first describes the structure and management of the French defense-industrial base and then reviews a variety of strategies the French Government and industry are pursuing to rationalize the base, while preserving key technological assets and strengthening the competitive position of French defense contractors in world markets.
Dismantling the Bomb and Managing the Nuclear Materials
This report presents the results of OTA’s investigations and analyses regarding the types of adverse environmental and health impacts that resulted from nuclear weapons production in the past. In this report, OTA suggests various initiatives that Congress could consider to establish a national policy, determine the next steps in warhead dismantlement and nuclear materials management, approach decisions on the ultimate disposition of nuclear materials, enhance the institutional capabilities necessary to ensure success, and encourage sound dismantlement and materials management in Russia.
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex
This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology
This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs
This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Energy Efficiency: Challenges and Opportunities for Electric Utilities
This report focuses on the opportunities for advancing the energy efficiency of the U.S. economy through technology improvements and institutional change in the electric utility sector. In particular, the report examines the prospects for energy savings through expansion of utility demand-side management and integrated resource planning programs and related Federal policy options.
Industrial Energy Efficiency
This report focuses on energy use in industry, and how government policy can affect it. Trends and patterns in industrial energy use are reviewed, energy-efficient industrial equipment and practices are described, and the factors that influence corporate investment in efficient technologies are explored. Lastly, past Federal efforts to improve industrial energy efficiency are reviewed, and policy options for encouraging the further development and adoption of efficient industrial technologies are discussed.
How technology affects teaching
This report discusses a study that provides an opportunity for teachers to speak to policy makers about their experiences with educational technology.
Influences on development and innovation in educational technology
This report provides a look at the history of educational technology, including both successful and unsuccessful government and private enterprise projects during the past three decades. The report examines trends in technological factors and new technologies that will influence development of innovative educational hardware and software during the next five years.
Innovative use of information technology in facilitating public access to agency decisionmaking: an assessment of the experience in state and local governments: final report
This report contains four sections. First part discusses methods and data collection, part two presents the framework, part three presents the findings from the brief sample survey of state and local agencies they conducted, as well as data from case studies dealing with use of information technology in providing public access to local government data. Part five evaluates the consistency of these findings and comment of their relevance for federal government considerations.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 1
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Evaluation of a 24 hour care system for persons with Alzheimer's and related disorders
This report discusses the care for the persons with Alzheimer's disease in state hospitals hospitals, and nursing homes.
China's evolving computer industry: the role of foreign technology transfers
This report provides a series of assessments regarding China's strategy and objectives for computer development. It examines the specific role played by acquisition of foreign computers and related know-how by PRC.
Services in the U.S. balance of payments 1982-1984: documentation of OTA estimates
This report documents the procedures and assumptions used to prepare the OTA's estimates of the impacts of services trade on the Nation's balance of payments as published in the OTA Special Report Trade in Services: Export and Foreign Revenues.
Experiences of the Atlanta area ADRDA in the development and management of the community services program
This report describes the experiences of the Atlanta Area ADRDA Chapter over a two year period in the development, establishment, and direction of Community Services Program for persons with Alzheimer's diseases and related disorders.
Institutional approaches to the care of individuals with dementia: report of a national facility survey and the Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, as a case study: prepared under contract for the (U.S.) Congressional Office of Technology Assessment
This report discusses the provision components, compassionate and cost-effective care to individuals with dementing illnesses, and their families.
The federal regulatory response to the problem of neurotoxicity: a report
This report discusses federal laws applicable to the regulation of potentially neuron-toxic substances that can be divided into three basic categories.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: transcript of workshop, "Issues of Collaboration for Human Genome Projects
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 2
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Technology, public policy, and the changing structure of American agriculture, Volume II, Part C
This report considers the relationships that exist among farmers' credit use, credit policies, and various structural issues in agriculture. Different sections in this report highlight the importance of these relationships, consider the role of technology, review some of the prevailing views on credit policy and structural issues, and consider the implications for additional information.
Electric power wheeling and dealing: technological considerations for increasing competition: volume II--contractor documents, part B.
This report discusses the temporal and economic factors of electric utilities in United States that make transmission constrains vary with time, and material specific to the individual cases. A particular focus of the investigation was the degree to which the transmission system would limit, or be affected by, the various scenarios.
Assessing cost-effectiveness of computer-based technology in public elementary and secondary schools
This report begins with an explanation of why cost effectiveness studies are important, it continues with the basic economic paradigm for assessing cost-effectiveness.
Working paper: marine ecological consequences of waste disposal
This report summarizes the observed effect on marine resources of waste disposal activities. It first briefly describes the nationwide impacts of pollutants on water quality, sediment quality, and marine organisms.
Child maltreatment in the United States: etiology, impact, and prevention
This report starts out with definitions of child abuse and neglect, then it discusses the manifestation, effect and costs of child abuse and neglect, short term and long term.
A comparative review of information technology management practices in selected state governments
This report presents an analysis of information technology management practices in selected state governments.The focus is on approaches of strategic management in central state governments.
Evaluation of the evidence on the effectiveness of well child care services for children
This report discusses the frequency and timing of recommended child visits, and the frequency and timing of recommended screening tests or procedures in well child care.
Preventive health services for children and youth under Medicaid: early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment
This report discusses the early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) program which is a Medicaid program of preventive and comprehensive services that States must make available to children and youth eligible for Medicaid.
Federal government provision of public information: issues related to public access, technology, and laws/regulations: for Government Information Technology Project, Communications and Information Technology Program,
This report discusses government (public) information, both published and unpublished, which Federal Government either does or does not make public."Public information", is collected and/or developed at Government expenses or as required by public law, and not considered to be classified, personal, or otherwise subject to exemption from the Freedom of Information Act or the Privacy Act.
A note on the strengths and weaknessess [sic] of using the CPS to estimate children's health insurance coverage
This report discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the Current Population Survey (CPS) relative to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Medical Care Expenditure Survey (NMCE), for the purpose of estimating the numbers of children with different types of health insurance.
Educational technology: information networks, markets, and innovation
This report aims to provide an insight about reasons why educational markets are under-producing educational software, and what thoughtful, practical remedies can be employed to bring the production of educational software up to the socially desirable level.
Neurotoxic pesticides and the farmworker: a report
This report discusses the effect of agriculture pesticides on neurological harm, cancer, reproductive damage and other serious adverse health effects.
Financial assistance, education debt and starting salaries of science and engineering graduates: evidence from the 1985 survey of recent college graduates
This report provides statistics on financial aid debt, type of financial aid, salary and percent of financial aid for the Science/Engineering students.