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 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines wastes generated by industrial activities that play a dominant role in our national economy-oil and gas production, mining and mineral processing, coal combustion, and manufacturing. In previous reports on municipal solid waste and medical waste, OTA examined other solid wastes not classified as hazardous.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper first describes the structure and management of the French defense-industrial base and then reviews a variety of strategies the French Government and industry are pursuing to rationalize the base, while preserving key technological assets and strengthening the competitive position of French defense contractors in world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts

The Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts

Date: unknown
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on the following two questions for the U.S. fusion energy program. First, what is the role of the Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX), an approximately $700 million fusion reactor currently awaiting a congressional decision to begin construction? Second, what is the role of alternatives to the tokamak concept in a broad-based fusion energy program?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base

The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper was prompted by a workshop held at OTA in early March 1995, at which a small group, representing a broad cross-section of lower-tier firms, discussed their views of the space transportation industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought information and advice from a broad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations whose contributions are gratefully acknowledged. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisers and reviewers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trading Around the Clock: Global Securities Markets and Information Technology

Trading Around the Clock: Global Securities Markets and Information Technology

Date: July 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper assesses the effects of information technology on securities markets and the current status of global securities trading. It compares securities markets and clearing and settlement mechanisms in Japan, the United Kingdom, and the rest of Europe with those in the United States. Finally it identities emerging questions about international markets and national regulatory regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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