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 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes what is known about the natural progression of the menopause and its effect on women’s health, hormone treatment and prescribing practices, alternative approaches, and research needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society

Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report reviews data concerning the contribution of genetic factors to several severe mental disorders; described methodologies used in the studies, and broached several policy issues relevant to this area of research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume presents the results of a model that estimates the cost per year of life gained from osteoporosis screening and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume provides the basis for the assumptions about the costs and effects of screening and hormonal replacement therapy used in the cost-effectiveness model.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic delivery of public assistance benefits: technology options and policy issues

Electronic delivery of public assistance benefits: technology options and policy issues

Date: April 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the technological options available for use in an electronic system to deliver public assistance benefits, the privacy and security implications of such a system, and the programmatic effects of changing to an electronic delivery system. It was requested by the Subcommittee on the Handicapped of the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States

International Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper reviews how the United States compares with other developed countries on available health status measures, evaluates the validity of the data used to make such comparisons, and describes how international comparisons might be interpreted in the context of health care reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the legacy of 40 years of U.S. university/AID collaboration, and examines new opportunities for U.S. university participation in development assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act

Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act

Date: March 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report focuses on mental disabilities, a broad rubric. In this background paper, OTA examines current knowledge about psychiatric disabilities and employment in the context of the ADA’s requirements and reviews Federal activities directly or indirectly aimed at supporting the ADA’s employment provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Use and the U.S. Economy

Energy Use and the U.S. Economy

Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The background paper extends the analysis of energy use into new areas by explicitly looking at how energy use has changed with the expansion of the service sector, the explosion of international trade, and greater complexity of the U.S. economy as the structure of businesses changed in response to new technologies and competitive challenges. The increasing sophistication of the U.S. economy means that the role of energy is less likely to be directly identified and is instead more likely to be an indirect factor that was added many steps before in the complex network that connects producer to consumer. This report explicitly separates direct from indirect energy use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Remotely Sensed Data From Space: Distribution, Pricing, and Applications

Remotely Sensed Data From Space: Distribution, Pricing, and Applications

Date: July 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This short background paper summarizes the discussion concerning data pricing and distribution from a one-day workshop convened by OTA on May 20, 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FBI Fingerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options

The FBI Fingerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on key assumptions that will affect the sizing and procurement of the new FBI system, and on other related steps that appear necessary to ensure complete and up-to-date record systems. These include full implementation of a Federal/State/local partnership for maintaining and exchanging fingerprint and criminal history records; enactment of an interstate compact or Federal legislation setting out uniform rules for the exchange of such records; standards and funding for improving criminal history record completeness and disposition reporting; and privacy and security protections for electronic fingerprint and record information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes the development of alglucerase, illustrates the role that both the Federal Government and private sector can have in making new therapies available for orphan diseases, and lays out some of the tradeoffs that can exist between developing new medical technologies and controlling health care costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies Underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction

Technologies Underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction

Date: December 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper reviews the technical requirements for countries to develop and build nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, along with the systems most capable of delivering these weapons to distant or defended targets: ballistic missiles, combat aircraft, and cruise missiles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA Background Paper presents the results of a survey of 1,500 U.S. companies, the 50 largest utilities, and the largest unions. The survey was designed to obtain information about the types of medical monitoring and screening done in the United States and the extent of their use. OTA finds that virtually all large U.S. employers use some of these tests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields

Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields

Date: May 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background report responds to a request by the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. The subcommittee asked that OTA review the health effects of high-voltage transmission lines. To provide background information for its assessment on electric power wheeling, OTA contracted with the Carnegie-Mellon University.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews the history of four Federal bioethics initiatives: the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Ethics Advisory Board, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses a study that provides a basic introduction to biopolymer technology; profiles some of the more promising polymer materials; reviews research activities in the United States, Europe, and Japan; and describes the principal technical challenges and regulatory issues that may affect biopolymer commercialization efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statistical Needs for a Changing U.S. Economy

Statistical Needs for a Changing U.S. Economy

Date: September 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The background paper does not attempt to provide a comprehensive critique of national statistics and does not introduce new research designed to solve the technical problems. It is, instead, designed to show how defects in the existing statistical system can limit our understanding of key economic issues and to demonstrate the ways that better management and coordination of America’s statistical agencies can lead to concrete improvements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines the health services and economics literature to learn what is known about the effects of patient cost-sharing (that is, annual deductibles, coinsurance, copayments, and out-of-pocket maximurns) on patients’ use of health care services, on plan expenditures, and on patients’ health outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on High Definition Television (HDTV. During 1989, HDTV moved from obscurity to center stage in the ongoing debate over the role of the Federal Government in U.S. industrial competitiveness. HDTV and related High-Resolution System (HRS) technologies in the computer and communications sectors may significantly impact U.S. electronics manufacturing, accelerate fundamental restructuring of the U.S. communications infrastructure, and provide a host of valuable services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes biological contributing factors to substance abuse and addiction. The second document being produced by this study will discuss the complex interactions of biochemical, physiological, psychological, and sociological factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Understanding Estimates of the Impact of Health Reform on the Federal Budget

Understanding Estimates of the Impact of Health Reform on the Federal Budget

Date: July 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes and evaluates the sources of variation in analysts’ estimates of the federal budget impacts of key reform provisions. The paper also discusses potential variations in the estimates of federal budget effects of the American Health Security Act and the Managed Competition Act, and of health reform proposals in general.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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