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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Life-sustaining technology and the elderly: geriatric expertise in the context of critical and terminal care

Life-sustaining technology and the elderly: geriatric expertise in the context of critical and terminal care

Date: November 22, 1985
Creator: American Geriatrics Society
Description: This report of OTA has conducted a study of a wide range of topics, some of which have recently been receiving a great deal of scrutiny inside and outside the government. In order to derive information specific enough to guide possible congressional action and to be responsive to the requesting Committees, this examination of the issues is specifically tied to particular life-sustaining technologies and their use with patients who are elderly. At the same time, much of this information is applicable to life-sustaining technology in general and to citizens of all ages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New developments in biotechnology: field-testing engineered organisms: genetic and ecological issues: contractor documents, volume 1

New developments in biotechnology: field-testing engineered organisms: genetic and ecological issues: contractor documents, volume 1

Date: April 9, 1986
Creator: Andow, D. A.; Snapp, S. S. & Teng, P. S.
Description: This report includes these topics: Potential environmental impact of widespread releases of non-ice nucleating bacteria in agriculture / D.A. Andow, S.S. Snapp, and P.S. Teng -- An assessment of the impact of large-scale applications of ice-minus bacteria and other procedures designed to decrease population sizes of ice-nucleative-active bacteria on crops / Christen D. Upper, Susan S. Hirano, Gabor Vali.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal and regulatory issues for neural grafts

Legal and regulatory issues for neural grafts

Date: October 1989
Creator: Andrews, Lori B.
Description: This report discusses the use of neural grafts from fetuses that is showing some success for the treatment of disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The impact of office automation on the quality of work life: policy implications

The impact of office automation on the quality of work life: policy implications

Date: December 1984
Creator: Ashford, Nicholas A.
Description: This report focuses only on policy implication of video display terminals (VDT) usage in the areas of composition and edition/correction. The rest of the paper presents a brief discussion of the problems resulting from VDT adoption and usage in the office workplace, and the policy implications of both primary and instrumental impacts as described earlier.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soviet science and engineering education and work force policies: recent trends

Soviet science and engineering education and work force policies: recent trends

Date: 1988
Creator: Balzer, Harley
Description: This report discusses the Soviet education in the science and engineering that has been characterized by major quantitative achievements and serious qualitative and administrative shortcomings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The frozen North: controlling physician costs through controlling fees: the Canadian experience

The frozen North: controlling physician costs through controlling fees: the Canadian experience

Date: November 1985
Creator: Barer, Morris L.; Evans, Robert G. & Labelle, Roberta
Description: This report discusses the national health insurance system in Canada. It describes the financing for health care, the costs of hospital and medical care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Distance learning case studies

Distance learning case studies

Date: June 1989
Creator: Barker, Bruce O.
Description: This report discuses distance learning projects, and ways telecommunications technologies such as satellites, cable television, fiber optics, slow scan TV, instructional television fixed services, and microcomputer networking have opened up opportunities for school districts to coordinate schedules and to share resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Life-sustaining technologies and the elderly: antibiotics and the elderly

Life-sustaining technologies and the elderly: antibiotics and the elderly

Date: 1989
Creator: Bentley, David W.
Description: This report describes current treatment practices of life-sustaining technologies by providing tables and figures. It discusses the characteristics of the decision-making process, as well as other issues in antibiotic use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An analysis of the scope and quality of the current supply of educational software, and of the available sources of information on educational software

An analysis of the scope and quality of the current supply of educational software, and of the available sources of information on educational software

Date: September 30, 1987
Creator: Bialo, Ellen R. & Sivin, Jay P.
Description: This report presents an analysis of the scope and quality of the current supply of educational software, as well as analysis of the information sources available to educational software acquisition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and related therapies for renal dialysis and the elderly/technology

Hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and related therapies for renal dialysis and the elderly/technology

Date: January 1988
Creator: Blagg, Christopher R. & Fenn, Scott
Description: This report provides the Office of Technology Assessment with an overview of some of the investment issues affecting the future of the electric power industry in support of OTA's ongoing study on competition in the industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Rail Transportation Divsion

American Society of Mechanical Engineers Rail Transportation Divsion

Date: May 30, 1986
Creator: Blaine, David G.
Description: This report discusses the railway systems in China, United States and Canada. A number of Chinese PRC railroad officers, engineers, transportation specialists, and planning experts studied in the USA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Support for educational technology R & D: the federal role

Support for educational technology R & D: the federal role

Date: September 30, 1987
Creator: Blaschke, Charles; Hunter, Beverly & Zucker, Andrew
Description: This report examines the history of the United States Federal Government support for education technology research and development. The report identifies funding level for several civilian and military Federal agencies over time period, nature of programs and projects supported, six case studies of illustrative R&D program, and factors policy recommendations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New developments in biotechnology: Requirements for deposit of microorganisms, plants, and animals and the role of the independent depository

New developments in biotechnology: Requirements for deposit of microorganisms, plants, and animals and the role of the independent depository

Date: December 1987
Creator: Bobbie A. Brandon
Description: This report starts out with historical development of independent depositories. It then discusses general requirements for deposits of microorganisms, plants and animals as they relate to the application for a patent and the role of independent depository in facilitating provisions of patent law governing specifications of the a patent applications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patenting life: Ethical issues related to the patenting of animals

Patenting life: Ethical issues related to the patenting of animals

Date: June 8, 1988
Creator: Brody , Baruch A. & White, Becky
Description: This report discusses the importance of patenting transgenic animal for scientific and technology developments, and for innovation and entrepreneurship. It also discusses metaphysical and teological arguments opposing the patenting of transgenic animals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Influences on development and innovation in educational technology

Influences on development and innovation in educational technology

Date: December 14, 1987
Creator: Brown, Dean; Kahn, Ted M. & Zauderer, Marvin M.
Description: This report provides a look at the history of educational technology, including both successful and unsuccessful government and private enterprise projects during the past three decades. The report examines trends in technological factors and new technologies that will influence development of innovative educational hardware and software during the next five years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surrogate decisionmaking for elderly individuals who are incompetent or of questionable competence

Surrogate decisionmaking for elderly individuals who are incompetent or of questionable competence

Date: November 1985
Creator: Buchanan, Allen; Gilfix, Michael & Brock, Dan W.
Description: This report discusses the problem of decision-making for incompetent or questionably competent elderly people as one of the most serious issues facing Americans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Composting technologies, costs, programs, and markets

Composting technologies, costs, programs, and markets

Date: January 1989
Creator: CAL Recovery Systems, Inc.
Description: This report provides an overview of the technology of composting which involves three major steps: 1) the preparation of the raw material, 2) the compost process itself, and 3) the grading of the final product.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Developing law on professional standards and peer review in quality assessment activities

Developing law on professional standards and peer review in quality assessment activities

Date: December 1987
Creator: Cahill, Nancy E.
Description: This report describes the expanding role of professional standards and peer review activities in health-care quality assessment initiatives. It also describes how some traditional and some new quality assessment activities that involve professional and peer review are either building on or in conflict with existing legal processes and public policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computers and learning: do they work?: a review of research

Computers and learning: do they work?: a review of research

Date: January 21, 1988
Creator: Capper, Joanne
Description: This report discusses the role of computer in utilizing learning process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluation of ethical implications of selected alternatives for paying physicians under the Medicare program

Evaluation of ethical implications of selected alternatives for paying physicians under the Medicare program

Date: October 1985
Creator: Capron, Alexander M.
Description: This report discusses the effects of changes in Medicare reimbursement methods, examines the ethical considerations, and classifies the alternative payment methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Process, Prescience, and Pragmatism: The Office of Technology Assessment

Process, Prescience, and Pragmatism: The Office of Technology Assessment

Date: November 2, 1989
Creator: Carson, Nancy
Description: This report discusses the history and function of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) as it stood in November 1989, focusing on the benefit of the OTA's function as a practical analysis tool concerning technological issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Report on the treatment of elderly patients by dialysis and transplantation in Europe

Report on the treatment of elderly patients by dialysis and transplantation in Europe

Date: 1988
Creator: Challah, S.
Description: This report discusses the EDTA Registry which is an organization that collects information on patients receiving treatment for end stage rental failure by dialysis and transplantation in over 30 countries in mainland Europe and on the Mediterranean seaboard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An ethical analysis of withdrawal from life-sustaining technologies and assisted death: a report for the Office of Technology Assessment

An ethical analysis of withdrawal from life-sustaining technologies and assisted death: a report for the Office of Technology Assessment

Date: October 4, 1985
Creator: Childress, James F.
Description: This report is designated to offer an ethical analysis of decisions to withhold and to withdrew life-sustaining technologies form patients in accord with their wishes and interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evaluating distance learning technology

Evaluating distance learning technology

Date: May 1989
Creator: Clark, Richard E.
Description: This report discusses the history of distance learning technology, the number of new and complex technological devices that could be applied to distance learning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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