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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
The Regulatory environment for science

The Regulatory environment for science

Date: February 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This technical memorandum, requested by the Task Force on Science Policy of the House Committee on Science and Technology, provides a “snapshot” of factors affecting science in the 1980s, and focuses on emerging issues that will require consideration by Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Research funding as an investment: can we measure the returns?

Research funding as an investment: can we measure the returns?

Date: April 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on the mounting intensity of global competition in the 1980s that underscores the critical role played by the basic research enterprise of the United States. Basic research is the backbone of much of the technological development that has provided not only our economic prosperity, but improvements in health, a strong national defense, and exciting and fundamental advances in knowledge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Review of U.S. competitiveness in agricultural trade

A Review of U.S. competitiveness in agricultural trade

Date: October 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA technical memorandum reviews key factors that influence U.S. trade in agriculture. It is part of a larger OTA project that analyzes the effects of technological change on both international trade and the structure of the domestic economy. Despite basic structural changes in the economy of the United States in recent years, agriculture and food production remain important parts of this country’s economic framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology

Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology

Date: February 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on fuel cell technology is one of the most promising of the new electric power technologies currently undergoing development. Fuel cell power systems have attracted attention because of their potential for high efficiency, low emissions, flexible use of fuels, and quietness. The Federal Government and the private sector have been funding fuel cell R&D for more than 20 years. The state-of-the-art has advanced to the point that fuel cell manufacturers hope to begin marketing fuel cells in just a few years. Full-scale demonstration plants are currently being designed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New structural materials technologies: opportunities for the use of advanced ceramics and composites

New structural materials technologies: opportunities for the use of advanced ceramics and composites

Date: September 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This memorandum is part of a larger assessment which will address the impact of advanced structural materials on the competitiveness of the U.S. manufacturing sector, and offer policy options for accelerating the commercial utilization of these materials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Review of Postal Automation Strategy: A Technical and Decision Analysis

Review of Postal Automation Strategy: A Technical and Decision Analysis

Date: June 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that reviews the "United States Postal Service (USPS) decision to utilizes single-line optical character readers (OCRs) instead of multi-line OCRs" and conducts "a comparative technical and economic analysis of the two technologies in the context of the overall postal automation program" (Foreward).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Remotely Sensed Data: Technology, Management and Markets

Remotely Sensed Data: Technology, Management and Markets

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines U.S. plans for managing the prodigious quantities of data expected from current, planned, and future remote sensing satellites. In particular, it explores the Earth Observing System Data and Information System, which NASA is developing to manage and process the data from its Earth Observing System of satellites. It also analyzes the factors affecting the growth of the market for privately generated remotely sensed data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Information About Osteoporosis: What's Available, What's Needed?

Public Information About Osteoporosis: What's Available, What's Needed?

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes the existing public information about osteoporosis and discusses problems that limit its usefulness, including problems in the dissemination and targeting of information to different types of people who have or are at risk of the disease. It also discusses problems that arise because of the way research findings are presented in the mass media and the widespread dissemination of information about medications that are available on the market but have not been approved by the FDA for osteoporosis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction

Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report has four parts. The first part focuses on several factors that are necessary for substance abuse and addiction to occur, including an examination of the biological research regarding the phenomenon of addiction to a variety of substances. The second part describes individual risk and protective factors that contribute to the abuse of, and addiction to, alcohol and drugs. The third part, looks at how risk and protective factors play out in subcultures and in major activity settings (home, school, workplace, and recreation), and assesses the effectiveness of various substance abuse prevention initiatives. The fourth section, addresses a range of legislative issues and options for Congress arising from an understanding of the factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act

Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act

Date: March 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report focuses on mental disabilities, a broad rubric. In this background paper, OTA examines current knowledge about psychiatric disabilities and employment in the context of the ADA’s requirements and reviews Federal activities directly or indirectly aimed at supporting the ADA’s employment provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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