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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1991
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the U.S. preparations process for WARC-92, highlighting efforts to integrate the needs and concerns of various interest groups. It also reviews the forces and trends affecting the United States as it approaches WARC-92, and is intended to inform future congressional oversight of the domestic and international radio communication policy process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought information and advice from a broad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations whose contributions are gratefully acknowledged. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisers and reviewers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 1: Summary and Policy Options

Adolescent Health, Volume 1: Summary and Policy Options

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA’s report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas. In addition, OTA was asked to: 1 ) identify risk and protective factors for adolescent health problems and integrate national data in order to understand the clustering of specific adolescent problems, 2) evaluate options in the organization of health services and technologies available to adolescents (including accessibility and financing), 3) assess options in the conduct of national health surveys to improve collection of adolescent health statistics, and 4) identify gaps in research on the health and behavior of adolescents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 2: Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services

Adolescent Health, Volume 2: Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health, Volume 3: Crosscutting Issues in the Delivery of Health and Related Services

Adolescent Health, Volume 3: Crosscutting Issues in the Delivery of Health and Related Services

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: OTA’s report responds to the request of numerous Members of Congress to review the physical, emotional, and behavioral health status of contemporary American adolescents, including adolescents in groups who might be more likely to be in special need of health-related interventions: adolescents living in poverty, adolescents from racial and ethnic minority groups, Native American adolescents, and adolescents in rural areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Commodities as Industrial Raw Materials

Agricultural Commodities as Industrial Raw Materials

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines potential new crops and traditional crops for industrial uses including replacements for petroleum and imported strategic materials; replacements for imported newsprint, wood rosins, rubbers, and oils; and degradable plastics. This report finds that, in the absence of additional and more comprehensive policies, developing industrial uses for agricultural commodities alone is unlikely to revitalize rural economies and solve the problems of American agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Military Power: Future Needs, Future Choices

American Military Power: Future Needs, Future Choices

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper outlines some of the issues of importance for making choices about the future nature and role of U.S. armed forces, and suggests how these choices will affect defense base requirements. The final report of the assessment, to be delivered in the spring of 1992, will address specific policy options arising from the strategic choices and tactical decisions discussed here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Report to the Congress, Fiscal Year 1990

Annual Report to the Congress, Fiscal Year 1990

Date: March 1991
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Description: Annual report detailing the progress and budget of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automated Record Checks for Firearm Purchasers: Issues and Options

Automated Record Checks for Firearm Purchasers: Issues and Options

Date: July 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report assesses the proposals and prospects for automated checks, ranging from the point-of-sale “instant” check now used by the State of Virginia, to the establishment of a computerized national felons file, to live scanning of fingerprints, or the issuance of ‘smart’ cards to identify firearm purchasers. It considers the benefits, costs, and risks of automated checks. The report examines the relationship between automated record checks and waiting periods, the wide variability in State criminal record systems, and the challenges of improving the automation and quality of record systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Rhythms: Implications for the Worker

Biological Rhythms: Implications for the Worker

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses biological rhythms: what they are, how they are controlled by the brain, and the role they play in regulating physiological and cognitive functions. The major focus of the report is the examination of the effects of nonstandard work hours on biological rhythms and how these effects can interact with other factors to affect the health, performance, and safety of workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bioremediation for Marine Oil Spills

Bioremediation for Marine Oil Spills

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA background paper evaluates the current state of knowledge and assesses the potential of bioremediation for responding to marine oil spills. Our basic message is a dual one: we caution that there are still many uncertainties about the use of bioremediation as a practical oil spill response technology; nevertheless, it could be appropriate in certain circumstances, and further research and development of bioremediation technologies could lead to enhancing the Nation’s capability to fight marine oil spills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in a global economy

Biotechnology in a global economy

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This report discusses the biotechnology in the following countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United Kingdom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in a Global Economy

Biotechnology in a Global Economy

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the impact of biotechnology in several industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, agriculture, and hazardous waste clean-up; the efforts of 16 Nations to develop commercial uses of biotechnology; and the actions, both direct and indirect, taken by various governments that influence innovation in biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in a global economy: Biotechnology developments in Asia - A financial prespective

Biotechnology in a global economy: Biotechnology developments in Asia - A financial prespective

Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Description: This report discusses the biotechnology development, government, research institutes and industry and finance in the following countries: Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in a global economy : summary

Biotechnology in a global economy : summary

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the impact of biotechnology in several industries including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, agriculture and hazardous waste clean-up.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changing by Degrees: Steps To Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Changing by Degrees: Steps To Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the actions necessary to effect a major reduction of United States. carbon dioxide emissions. The U.S. is the world’s leading industrial society and largest single emitter of carbon dioxide. Climate change therefore presents a unique challenge to this Nation. It is a threat that will require major prudent political actions even before all the scientific certainties are resolved. The analysis, prevention, and remediation of global warming will require unprecedented international cooperation and action—an effort requiring actions sustained over decades, not just a few years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competing Economies: America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim

Competing Economies: America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines how the economic environment of the United States can be made more conducive to improving manufacturing performance. It considers how Federal institutions, in cooperation with industry, can develop competitiveness strategies for high-tech, fast growing industries; and how trade, financial, and technology policies could be combined into a strategic competitiveness policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Complex Cleanup: The Environmental Legacy of Nuclear Weapons Production

Complex Cleanup: The Environmental Legacy of Nuclear Weapons Production

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report is a comprehensive look at the problem as we now know it, the public concerns about the problem, and DOE’s plans for addressing it. It focuses especially on the need for additional attention to those areas which DOE has neither the capability nor the credibility to handle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Delivering the Goods: Public Works Technologies, Management, and Financing

Delivering the Goods: Public Works Technologies, Management, and Financing

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report identifies several immediate steps the Federal Government could take. First, new environmental standards, population shifts, and industrial changes have transformed the nature of many public works problems, and Federal programs must be refocused to fit the new circumstances. Second, if we expect to maintain our economic health, the Nation must increase its investment in public works, despite budget dilemmas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents the status of national efforts to cleanup dioxin-contaminated sites and the technologies that have been used, proposed, and researched. It covers thermal and nonthermal treatment techniques as well as approaches such as stabilization and storage. It discusses the development of these technologies as well as advantages and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency in the Federal Government: Government by Good Example?

Energy Efficiency in the Federal Government: Government by Good Example?

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report focuses on the Federal Government, the Nation’s largest single energy consumer, in terms of the opportunities and constraints for the use of energy efficient technologies. Energy efficient technologies could greatly reduce energy demand growth and spending in the United States and lessen environmental impacts while increasing productivity. Yet, in today’s public and private markets, adoption rates for many of these technologies are low. This report reviews past and current efforts to improve Federal energy efficiency and discusses policy options that could accelerate the adoption of these measures by the Federal Government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy in Developing Countries

Energy in Developing Countries

Date: January 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report, the first of two, was prepared in response to the requesting committees’ interest in receiving an interim product. It examines how energy is supplied and used in developing countries, and how energy use is linked with economic and social development and environmental quality.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Technology Choices: Shaping Our Future

Energy Technology Choices: Shaping Our Future

Date: July 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report provides a broad overview of energy choices facing the Nation. It is not an exhaustive analysis of any one technology; rather, it draws together the main themes of OTA reports from the past 16 years, and other documents, into an outline of the main directions the country could follow.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exploring the Moon and Mars: Choices for the Nation

Exploring the Moon and Mars: Choices for the Nation

Date: July 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report, the result of an assessment of the potential for automation and robotics technology to assist in the exploration of the Moon and Mars, raises a number of issues related to the goals of the U.S. civilian space program. Among other things, the report discusses how greater attention to automation and robotics technologies could contribute to U.S. space exploration efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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