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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Office of Technology Assessment
Does Vocational Education Help the "Forgotten Half"?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students

Does Vocational Education Help the "Forgotten Half"?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper uses very recent data to address that question for individuals just one year out of high school. The paper also presents data on the types of occupations that these young people engage in, and rough statistical correlations between those occupations and types of high-school-level vocational coursework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education and Technology: Future Visions

Education and Technology: Future Visions

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper summarizes the workshop discussion and contains the commissioned papers in their entirety. In June 1995, the contractors and a number of other prominent educators were invited to OTA for an all-day workshop to discuss these papers and the issues more broadly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Efforts

The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Efforts

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report discusses trends in numbers of AIDS cases, approaches to AIDS prevention--changing behavior, efforts designed for the American people as a whole, and preventing AIDS among different groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Effectiveness of Research and Experimentation Tax Credits

The Effectiveness of Research and Experimentation Tax Credits

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report assesses how well the research and experimentation R&E tax credit is currently understood, identifies inadequacies in the existing data and analyses, investigates implementation issues, considers the tax credit in the context of corporate R&D trends and Federal R&D policy more broadly, draws appropriate international comparisons, and specifies important avenues for further research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Monitoring for Nuclear Safeguards

Environmental Monitoring for Nuclear Safeguards

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the traditional mission of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s traditional mission, that is to detect the misuse of known nuclear materials and facilities addressed only part—and probably not the most important part—of the proliferation problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Policy Tools: A User's Guide

Environmental Policy Tools: A User's Guide

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes 12 policy tools, and how and where they are currently used. This “user’s guide” presents a framework to help decision-makers narrow down the choice of instruments for addressing a particular problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report analyzes universities’, companies’, and researchers’ experiences and perspectives since enactment of federal laws to enhance technology transfer—especially as it pertains to research funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy, the agencies funding U.S. efforts in the Human Genome Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fish Passage Technologies: Protection at Hydropower Facilities

Fish Passage Technologies: Protection at Hydropower Facilities

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes technologies for fish passage, and those for protection against turbine entrainment and mortality, with an emphasis on FERC-licensed hydropower projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Panel Displays in Perspective

Flat Panel Displays in Perspective

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report addresses two issues. First, is the lack of a high-volume domestic FPD industry a cause for national concern? Why might having such an industry be important for the good of the nation? Second, if the government wishes to foster such an industry, what policies might be most effective?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Eligibility for U.S. Technology Funding

Foreign Eligibility for U.S. Technology Funding

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper addresses the question: What eligibility conditions should affiliates of foreign firms be required to meet before receiving financial assistance from the U.S. government?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gauging Control Technology and Regulatory Impacts in Occupational Safety and Health: An Appraisal of OSHA's Analytic Approach

Gauging Control Technology and Regulatory Impacts in Occupational Safety and Health: An Appraisal of OSHA's Analytic Approach

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews the roles that analyses of control technology and regulatory impacts play in OSHA’s standard setting process, and evaluates the various methods and resources on which the agency draws in conducting these efforts. In addition, based on findings from close examinations of a number of OSHA’s past rule-makings, the report provides a critical appraisal of how well these analyses seem to be helping the agency achieve its basic occupational safety and health mission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the question of how telecommunication related aid policies might be designed to support both United States trade and foreign aid goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Health Reform on Rural Areas: Lessons From the States

Impact of Health Reform on Rural Areas: Lessons From the States

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines: 1) the effects of insurance market reforms--measures intended to make the market more equitable, or to make health care more affordable to those without insurance 2) the effects of reforms aimed at the health care delivery system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impacts of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: Thanks to penicillin-- He will come home!

Impacts of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: Thanks to penicillin-- He will come home!

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses what is known about the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and describes research and development aimed at controlling those organisms. It concludes that efforts are necessary both to preserve the effectiveness of currently available antibiotics and to develop new antibiotics. It discusses issues that arise in these activities, and it presents options for taking action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings

Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In June 1995, OTA convened a workshop that brought together some of the world’s leading practitioners, academic experts, experienced diplomats, and leading technologists in order to study and discuss this issue. This report contains a summary of the results of the workshop, along with the original papers presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Technologies for the Control of Money Laundering

Information Technologies for the Control of Money Laundering

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes how analysts developed and evaluated a number of alternative configurations of technology that, combined with certain legal and institutional innovations, could greatly enhance the capability of law enforcement agencies to detect and prosecute money launders seeking to exploit U.S. financial institutions and wire transfer systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Innovation and Commercialization of Emerging Technologies

Innovation and Commercialization of Emerging Technologies

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines the complexities of innovation and commercialization in an attempt to demonstrate the linkages between science, technology, and innovation, and to highlight the growing importance of factors other than basic research in commercial success.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issue Update on Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments

Issue Update on Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper updates and develops some key issues that OTA had identified in its earlier report, in light of recent developments in the private sector and in government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Learning To Work: Making the Transition From School to Work

Learning To Work: Making the Transition From School to Work

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This reports shows that work-based learning has considerable promise but will be difficult to implement. The report discusses work-based learning that can potentially help students see the relevance of their academic studies later in life, allow students to explore career options, and help them develop needed occupational skills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Wastes in the Arctic: An Analysis of Arctic and Other Regional Impacts From Soviet Nuclear Contamination

Nuclear Wastes in the Arctic: An Analysis of Arctic and Other Regional Impacts From Soviet Nuclear Contamination

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the environmental and human health impacts from wastes dumped into the Arctic and North Pacific regions, from nuclear contaminants discharged into these environments, and from radioactive releases from both past and future nuclear activities in the region. The report presents what is known and unknown about this waste and contamination and how it may affect public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Occupational Training for Young People in the United Kingdom

Occupational Training for Young People in the United Kingdom

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report discusses the problems of high unemployment among young people ages 16 through 19. This paper examines the youth training experiences of the United Kingdom over the last 30 years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reducing Earthquake Losses

Reducing Earthquake Losses

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report assesses the state of the knowledge, identifies key future challenges in each of the three components of earthquake risk reduction—earth science, engineering, and implementation—and offers policy options to improve federal efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewing Our Energy Future

Renewing Our Energy Future

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report evaluates the potential for cost-effective renewable energy in the coming decades and the actions that have to be taken to achieve the potential.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risks to Students in School

Risks to Students in School

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report takes one critical step—identifying and commenting on the available data—that may help in developing priorities for the use of limited resources to protect children from health and safety hazards in schools.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department