Latest content added for UNT Digital Library Collection: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)http://digital.library.unt.edu/explore/collections/NACA/browse/?fq=untl_decade:1970-19792011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00UNT LibrariesThis is a custom feed for browsing UNT Digital Library Collection: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)Pressure Distribution on Joukowski Wings2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53400/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53400/"><img alt="Pressure Distribution on Joukowski Wings" title="Pressure Distribution on Joukowski Wings" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53400/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>The hydrodynamics and mathematical models as applied to the potential flow about a Joukowski wing are presented.</p>Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53404/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53404/"><img alt="Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory" title="Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53404/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>Results are presented of the theory of wings and of wing sections which are of immediate practical value. They are proven and demonstrated by the use of the simple conceptions of kinetic energy and momentum only.</p>Flow and Force Equations for a Body Revolving in a Fluid2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53409/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53409/"><img alt="Flow and Force Equations for a Body Revolving in a Fluid" title="Flow and Force Equations for a Body Revolving in a Fluid" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53409/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>A general method for finding the steady flow velocity relative to a body in plane curvilinear motion, whence the pressure is found by Bernoulli's energy principle is described. Integration of the pressure supplies basic formulas for the zonal forces and moments on the revolving body. The application of the steady flow method for calculating the velocity and pressure at all points of the flow inside and outside an ellipsoid and some of its limiting forms is presented and graphs those quantities for the latter forms. In some useful cases experimental pressures are plotted for comparison with theoretical. The pressure, and thence the zonal force and moment, on hulls in plane curvilinear flight are calculated. General equations for the resultant fluid forces and moments on trisymmetrical bodies moving through a perfect fluid are derived. Formulas for potential coefficients and inertia coefficients for an ellipsoid and its limiting forms are presented.</p>The Inertia Coefficients of an Airship in a Frictionless Fluid2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53406/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53406/"><img alt="The Inertia Coefficients of an Airship in a Frictionless Fluid" title="The Inertia Coefficients of an Airship in a Frictionless Fluid" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53406/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>The apparent inertia of an airship hull is examined. The exact solution of the aerodynamical problem is studied for hulls of various shapes with special attention given to the case of an ellipsoidal hull. So that the results for the ellipsoidal hull may be readily adapted to other cases, they are expressed in terms of the area and perimeter of the largest cross section perpendicular to the direction of motion by means of a formula involving a coefficient kappa which varies only slowly when the shape of the hull is changed, being 0.637 for a circular or elliptic disk, 0.5 for a sphere, and about 0.25 for a spheroid of fineness ratio. The case of rotation of an airship hull is investigated and a coefficient is defined with the same advantages as the corresponding coefficient for rectilinear motion.</p>The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53403/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53403/"><img alt="The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls" title="The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53403/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>The new method for making computations in connection with the study of rigid airships, which was used in the investigation of Navy's ZR-1 by the special subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics appointed for this purpose is presented. The general theory of the air forces on airship hulls of the type mentioned is described and an attempt was made to develop the results from the very fundamentals of mechanics.</p>Remarks on the Pressure Distribution over the Surface of an Ellipsoid, Moving Translationally Through a Perfect Fluid2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53405/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53405/"><img alt="Remarks on the Pressure Distribution over the Surface of an Ellipsoid, Moving Translationally Through a Perfect Fluid" title="Remarks on the Pressure Distribution over the Surface of an Ellipsoid, Moving Translationally Through a Perfect Fluid" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53405/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>The pressure distribution over ellipsoids when in translatory motion through a perfect fluid is calculated. A method to determine the magnitude of the velocity and of the pressure at each point of the surface of an ellipsoid of rotation is described.</p>The Minimum Induced Drag of Aerofoils2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53402/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53402/"><img alt="The Minimum Induced Drag of Aerofoils" title="The Minimum Induced Drag of Aerofoils" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53402/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>Equations are derived to demonstrate which distribution of lifting elements result in a minimum amount of aerodynamic drag. The lifting elements were arranged (1) in one line, (2) parallel lying in a transverse plane, and (3) in any direction in a transverse plane. It was shown that the distribution of lift which causes the least drag is reduced to the solution of the problem for systems of airfoils which are situated in a plane perpendicular to the direction of flight.</p>Graphic Construction of Joukowski Wings2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53401/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53401/"><img alt="Graphic Construction of Joukowski Wings" title="Graphic Construction of Joukowski Wings" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53401/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>A plot of the cross sectional outline of a Joukowski wing is presented.</p>Flow and Drag Formulas for Simple Quadrics2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53407/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53407/"><img alt="Flow and Drag Formulas for Simple Quadrics" title="Flow and Drag Formulas for Simple Quadrics" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53407/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>The pressure distribution and resistance found by theory and experiment for simple quadrics fixed in an infinite uniform stream of practically incompressible fluid are calculated. The experimental values pertain to air and some liquids, especially water; the theoretical refer sometimes to perfect, again to viscid fluids. Formulas for the velocity at all points of the flow field are given. Pressure and pressure drag are discussed for a sphere, a round cylinder, the elliptic cylinder, the prolate and oblate spheroid, and the circular disk. The velocity and pressure in an oblique flow are examined.</p>Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics. Part 1: Fundamental Concepts and the Most Important Theorems. Part 2: Applications2011-11-11T19:22:00-06:00http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc53396/<p><a href="/ark:/67531/metadc53396/"><img alt="Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics. Part 1: Fundamental Concepts and the Most Important Theorems. Part 2: Applications" title="Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics. Part 1: Fundamental Concepts and the Most Important Theorems. Part 2: Applications" src="/ark:/67531/metadc53396/thumbnail/"/></a></p><p>A discussion of the principles of hydrodynamics of nonviscous fluids in the case of motion of solid bodies in a fluid is presented. Formulae are derived to demonstrate the transition from the fluid surface to a corresponding 'control surface'. The external forces are compounded of the fluid pressures on the control surface and the forces which are exercised on the fluid by any solid bodies which may be inside of the control surfaces. Illustrations of these formulae as applied to the acquisition of transformations from a known simple flow to new types of flow for other boundaries are given. Theoretical and experimental investigations of models of airship bodies are presented.</p>