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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection
Activation of hydrocarbons and the octane number

Activation of hydrocarbons and the octane number

Date: October 1, 1939
Creator: Peschard, Marcel
Description: This report presents an examination of the history of research on engine knocking and the various types of fuels used in the investigations of this phenomenon. According to this report, the spontaneous ignition of hydrocarbons doped with oxygen follows the logarithmic law within a certain temperature range, but not above 920 degrees K. Having extended the scope of investigations to prove hydrocarbons, the curves of the mixtures burned by air should then be established by progressive replacement of pure iso-octane with heptane. Pentane was also examined in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An active particle diffusion theory of flame quenching for laminar flames / Dorothy M. Simon and Frank E. Belles

An active particle diffusion theory of flame quenching for laminar flames / Dorothy M. Simon and Frank E. Belles

Date: March 4, 1952
Creator: Simon, Dorothy M
Description: An equation for quenching distance based on the destruction of chain carriers by the surface is derived. The equation expresses the quenching distance in terms of the diffusion coefficients and partial pressures of the chain carriers and gas phase molecules, the efficiency of the surface as a chain breaker, the total pressure of the mixture, and a constant which depends on the geometry of the quenching surface. Quenching distances measured by flashback for propane-air flames are shown to be consistent with the mechanism. The derived equation is used with the lean inflammability limit and a rate constant calculated from burning velocity data to estimate quenching distances for propane-air (hydrocarbon lean) flames satisfactorily.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adaptation of a Cascade Impactor to Flight Measurement of Droplet Size in Clouds

Adaptation of a Cascade Impactor to Flight Measurement of Droplet Size in Clouds

Date: September 18, 1951
Creator: Levine, Joseph
Description: A cascade impactor, an instrument for obtaining: the size distribution of droplets borne in a low-velocity air stream, was adapted for flight cloud droplet-size studies. The air containing the droplets was slowed down from flight speed by a diffuser to the inlet-air velocity of the impactor. The droplets that enter the impactor impinge on four slides coated with magnesium oxide. Each slide catches a different size range. The relation between the size of droplet impressions and the droplet size was evaluated so that the droplet-size distributions may be found from these slides. The magnesium oxide coating provides a permanent record. of the droplet impression that is not affected by droplet evaporation after the. droplets have impinged.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adaptation of aeronautical engines to high altitude flying

Adaptation of aeronautical engines to high altitude flying

Date: May 1, 1923
Creator: Kutzbach, K
Description: Issues and techniques relative to the adaptation of aircraft engines to high altitude flight are discussed. Covered here are the limits of engine output, modifications and characteristics of high altitude engines, the influence of air density on the proportions of fuel mixtures, methods of varying the proportions of fuel mixtures, the automatic prevention of fuel waste, and the design and application of air pressure regulators to high altitude flying. Summary: 1. Limits of engine output. 2. High altitude engines. 3. Influence of air density on proportions of mixture. 4. Methods of varying proportions of mixture. 5. Automatic prevention of fuel waste. 6. Design and application of air pressure regulators to high altitude flying.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adaptation of Combustion Principles to Aircraft Propulsion, Volume 2, Combustion in Air-Breathing Jet Engines

Adaptation of Combustion Principles to Aircraft Propulsion, Volume 2, Combustion in Air-Breathing Jet Engines

Date: May 2, 1956
Creator: unknown
Description: This volume continues the NACA study of combustion principles for aircraft propulsion. The various aspects of combustion pertinent to jet engines are organized and interpreted with quite extensive information, particularly for basic or fundamental. subject matter. The report concerns only air-breathing engines and hydrocarbon fuels, and not rocket engines and high-energy fuels. Since the references have been selected to illustrate important points, the bibliographies, while thorough, are not complete. This volumes describes the observed performance and design problems of engine combustors of the principal types. These include combustor-inlet conditions; starting, acceleration, combustion limits, combustion efficiency, coke deposits, and smoke formation in turbojets; ram-jet performance; and afterburner performance and design.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adaptation of Combustion Principles to Aircraft Propulsion, Volume I, Basic Considerations in the Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels with Air

Adaptation of Combustion Principles to Aircraft Propulsion, Volume I, Basic Considerations in the Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels with Air

Date: April 1, 1955
Creator: unknown
Description: The report summarizes source material on combustion for flight-propulsion engineers. First, several chapters review fundamental processes such as fuel-air mixture preparation, gas flow and mixing, flammability and ignition, flame propagation in both homogenous and heterogenous media, flame stabilization, combustion oscillations, and smoke and carbon formation. The practical significance and the relation of these processes to theory are presented. A second series of chapters describes the observed performance and design problems of engine combustors of the principal types. An attempt is made to interpret performance in terms of the fundamental processes and theories previously reviewed. Third, the design of high-speed combustion systems is discussed. Combustor design principles that can be established from basic considerations and from experience with actual combustors are described. Finally, future requirements for aircraft engine combustion systems are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adaptor for measuring principal strains with Tuckerman strain gage

Adaptor for measuring principal strains with Tuckerman strain gage

Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Mcpherson, A E
Description: An adapter is described which uses three Tuckerman optical strain gages to measure the displacement of the three vortices of an equilateral triangle along lines 120 degrees apart. These displacements are substituted in well-known equations in order to compute the magnitude and direction of the principal strains. Tests of the adaptor indicate that principal strains over a gage length of 1.42 inch may be measured with a systematic error not exceeding 4 percent and a mean observational error of the order of + or minus 0.000006. The maximum observed error in strain was of the order of 0.00006. The directions of principal strains for unidirectional stress were measured with the adaptor with an average error of the order of 1 degree.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addition of heat to a compressible fluid in motion

Addition of heat to a compressible fluid in motion

Date: February 1, 1945
Creator: Hicks, Bruce L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional abstracts pertaining to seaplanes

Additional abstracts pertaining to seaplanes

Date: March 9, 1948
Creator: Bidwell, J. M.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional comparisons between computed and measured transonic drag-rise coefficients at zero lift for wing-body-tail configurations

Additional comparisons between computed and measured transonic drag-rise coefficients at zero lift for wing-body-tail configurations

Date: August 15, 1955
Creator: Holdaway, George H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department