Date: March 1, 1933
Creator: Mathar, Josef
Description: Various methods have been proposed for determining the inherent stresses in structural components by disturbing their stress equilibrium through a mechanical device and measuring the resulting deformations. The methods used have disadvantages because they can be used only with specially shaped pieces (those with round or rectangular cross sections), that every form of test piece requires another kind of injury and hence of calculation, and the tested parts are rendered useless. The new test method, which seeks to eliminate these disadvantages, is likewise based on a disturbance of the equilibrium of forces, and indeed by drilling a hole which, however, is so small that the part can be used again. This method serves, among other things, for determining the inherent stresses in castings, welded parts, rolled structural shapes and finished structures.
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