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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1920-1929
 Year: 1920
 Collection: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection
The aerodynamic properties of thick aerofoils suitable for internal bracing

The aerodynamic properties of thick aerofoils suitable for internal bracing

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Norton, F H
Description: The object of this investigation was to determine the characteristics of various types of wings having sufficient depth to entirely inclose the wing bracing, and also to provide data for the further design of such sections. This type of wing is of interest because it eliminates the resistance of the interplane bracing, a portion of the airplane that sometimes absorbs one-quarter of the total power required to fly, and because these wings may be made to give a very high maximum lift. Results of the investigation of the following subjects are given: (1) effect of changing the upper and lower camber of thick aerofoils of uniform section; (2) effect of thickening the center and thinning the tips of a thin aerofoil; (3) effect of adding a convex lower surface to a tapered section; (4) effect of changing the mean thickness with constant center and tip sections; and (5) effect of varying the chord along the span.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air flow through poppet valves

Air flow through poppet valves

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Lewis, G W & Nutting, E M
Description: Report discusses the comparative continuous flow characteristics of single and double poppet valves. The experimental data presented affords a direct comparison of valves, single and in pairs of different sizes, tested in a cylinder designed in accordance with current practice in aviation engines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airplane performance as influenced by the use of a supercharged engine

Airplane performance as influenced by the use of a supercharged engine

Date: May 1, 1920
Creator: De Bothezat, George
Description: The question of the influence of a supercharged engine on airplane performance is treated here in a first approximation, but one that gives an exact idea of the advantage of supercharging. Considered here is an airplane that climbs first with an ordinary engine, not supercharged, and afterwards climbs with a supercharged engine. The aim is to find the difference of the ceilings reached in the two cases. In the case of our figure, the ceiling from 25,000 feet is increased to 37,000 feet, the supercharging maintaining the power only up to 20,000 feet. This makes, in comparison with an engine without supercharging, an increase of about 50 percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The airplane tensiometer

The airplane tensiometer

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Larson, L J
Description: Certain parts of an airplane are subjected not only to the stresses imposed by the aerodynamic or flying load, but also to the initial stresses, caused by the tension in the stay and drift wires. Report describes a tensiometer that measures such stresses which is simple in construction, accurate, and easily and quickly operated even by inexperienced persons. Two sizes of the instrument are available. One is suitable for wires up to one-fourth inch in diameter and the other for wires from one-fourth to three-eights inch in diameter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The altitude laboratory for the test of aircraft engines

The altitude laboratory for the test of aircraft engines

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Dickinson, H C & Boutell, H G
Description: Report presents descriptions, schematics, and photographs of the altitude laboratory for the testing of aircraft engines constructed at the Bureau of Standards for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aluminum and its light alloys

Aluminum and its light alloys

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Merica, Paul D
Description: Report is a summary of research work which has been done here and abroad on the constitution and mechanical properties of the various alloy systems with aluminum. The mechanical properties and compositions of commercial light alloys for casting, forging, or rolling, obtainable in this country are described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (4th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 24 to 50

Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (4th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 24 to 50

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: unknown
Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the President, Congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, expenditures, problems, recommendations, and a compilation of technical reports produced.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (5th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 51 to 82

Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (5th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 51 to 82

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: unknown
Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the President, Congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, expenditures, and a compilation of technical reports produced.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bomb trajectories

Bomb trajectories

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Wilson, Edwin Bidwell
Description: The report is a mathematical treatise dealing with the trajectories of bombs of high terminal velocity, dropped from a great altitude.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calculation of low-pressure indicator diagrams

Calculation of low-pressure indicator diagrams

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Kemble, E C
Description: Report develops a fundamental conception and partial application of a method for calculating the pressure-volume relationships to be expected for any given engine design. It outlines a method of computing and interpreting low-pressure indicator cards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbureting conditions characteristics of aircraft engines

Carbureting conditions characteristics of aircraft engines

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Tice, Percival S
Description: Tests were conducted at the altitude laboratory erected at the Bureau of Standards for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics to determine the changes in engine performance with changes in atmospheric temperature and pressure at various levels above the earth's surface, with special reference to (a) the variables affecting the functioning of the carburetor and (b) the changes in performance resulting from variables in the carburetor itself. This report constitutes a concise statement of the difficulties to be encountered in this branch of carburetion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Characteristics of high-tension magnetos

Characteristics of high-tension magnetos

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Silsbee, F. B.
Description: This report gives the results of an investigation made into the fundamental physical characteristics of high-tension ignition magnetos, and also describes the methods used for measuring the quantities involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of United States and British standard pitot tubes

Comparison of United States and British standard pitot tubes

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Zahm, A. F. & Smith, R. H.
Description: The results shown in this report give a comprehensive comparison of the accuracy of United States and British standard pitot tubes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Construction of models for tests in wind tunnels

Construction of models for tests in wind tunnels

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Norton, F H
Description: Report deals with the methods of constructing aerofoils and all other parts of a model airplane, including discussion of the degree of accuracy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Design of recording wind tunnel balances

Design of recording wind tunnel balances

Date: December 1, 1920
Creator: Norton, F H
Description: Given here is a description of the design of a scientific recording wind tunnel balance. It was decided that the most satisfactory arrangement would be a rigid ring completely surrounding the tunnel or wind stream, so that the model could be supported from it by wires or any arrangement of spindles. The forces and moments acting on this ring can then be recorded by suitable weighing apparatus. The methods available for recording forces on the arms are explained. The proposed type of balance will support the model rigidly in a variety of ways, will make a complete test without attention, and will plot the results so that all computations are avoided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development of air speed nozzles

Development of air speed nozzles

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Zahm, A F
Description: Report describes the development of a suitable speed nozzle for the first few thousand airplanes made by the United States during the recent war in Europe, and to furnish a basis for more mature instruments in the future. Requirements for the project were to provide a suitable pressure collector for aircraft speed meters and to develop a speed nozzle which would be waterproof, powerful, unaffected by slight pitch and yaw, rugged and easy to manufacture, and uniform in structure and reading, so as not to require individual calibration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development of the inflow theory of the propeller

Development of the inflow theory of the propeller

Date: November 1, 1920
Creator: Betz, A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drag or negative traction of geared-down supporting propellers in the downward vertical glide of a helicopter

Drag or negative traction of geared-down supporting propellers in the downward vertical glide of a helicopter

Date: September 1, 1920
Creator: Toussaint, A
Description: Discussed here are computations of drag or negative traction of geared down supporting propellers in the downward vertical glide of a helicopter. By means of Frounde's Theory, the maximum value of the drag of a windmill is calculated. For wooden propellers, the author finds that the difference between the drag and the weight is proportional to the number of blades and is larger for propellers of small diameter; thus it is 25 kg. for a six blade propeller with a diameter of 2 m. 50. The author notes that if we are to adopt large propellers, we must have recourse to a different method of construction, resulting in large dimension propellers much lighter than those made of wood. In discussing insufficient drag, the author notes that the question of the drag of geared down supporting propellers can only be decided by experiment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duralumin

Duralumin

Date: July 1, 1920
Creator: Unger, E & Schmidt, E
Description: The use of duralumin in the construction of aircraft makes an account of the properties of this material desirable especially with reference to its working qualities as developed by experience.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The dynamometer hub

The dynamometer hub

Date: September 1, 1920
Creator: Stieber, W
Description: The construction of the dynamometer hub is illustrated and explained, and its electrical and aviation motor tests, as well as those in free flight, described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effect of altitude on radiator performance

Effect of altitude on radiator performance

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: James, W S & Parsons, S R
Description: As an airplane rises to high altitudes the decrease in the density and the temperature of the air have important effects on the performance of the radiator. This report gives the results of a study of the effect of reduced pressure and temperature upon the capacity of airplane radiators. A method is presented by which the performance of a radiator at an altitude may be estimated for a particular speed of the airplane at a particular altitude.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The effect of kiln drying on the strength of airplane woods

The effect of kiln drying on the strength of airplane woods

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Wilson, T R C
Description: This report is a very complete treatise on the comparative strength of air and kiln dried wood. The series of tests includes 26 species of wood, approximately 100 kiln runs, and over 10,000 mechanical tests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effect of temperature and pressure on the sparking voltage

Effect of temperature and pressure on the sparking voltage

Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Loeb, L B & Silsbee, F B
Description: This report presents the results of an investigation which was to determine how the voltage necessary to produce the proper spark discharge varies with the pressure and temperature of the gas in which the discharge takes place.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Experience with geared propeller drives for aviation engines

Experience with geared propeller drives for aviation engines

Date: September 1, 1920
Creator: Kutzbach, K
Description: I. The development of the gear wheels: (a) bending stresses; (b) compressive stresses; (c) heating; (d) precision of manufacture. II. General arrangement of the gearing. III. Vibration in the shaft transmission. An overview is given of experience with geared propeller drives for aviation engines. The development of gear wheels is discussed with emphasis upon bending stresses, compressive stresses, heating, and precision in manufacturing. With respect to the general arrangement of gear drives for airplanes, some principal rules of mechanical engineering that apply with special force are noted. The primary vibrations in the shaft transmission are discussed. With respect to vibration, various methods for computing vibration frequency and the influence of elastic couplings are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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