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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Biomass Feedstocks for Biopower: Background and Selected Issues
The production of bioenergy - renewable energy derived from biomass - could potentially increase national energy security, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and contribute to rural economic growth. This report provides analyses of commonly discussed biomass feedstocks and their relative potential for power generation. Additional biopower issues - feedstock accessibility, the biomass power plant carbon-neutrality debate, and unintended consequences of legislative activities to promote bioenergy - are also discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31382/
Energy's Water Demand: Trends, Vulnerabilities, and Management
The nation's energy choices embody many tradeoffs. Water use is one of those tradeoffs. The energy choices before Congress represent vastly different demands on domestic freshwater. The energy sector's water consumption is projected to rise 50% from 2005 to 2030. This rising water demand derives from both an increase in the amount of energy demanded and shifts to more water-intense energy sources and technologies. This report discusses this issue as well as related issues that may arise for the 112th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31387/
Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress
The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened concerns about the region's future. Issues such as Arctic sovereignty claims; commercial shipping through the Arctic; Arctic oil, gas, and mineral exploration; endangered Arctic species; and increased military operations in the Arctic could cause the region in coming years to become an arena of international cooperation, competition, or conflict. This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress, and refers readers to more in-depth CRS reports on specific Arctic-related issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31354/
Army Corps of Engineers Water Resource Projects: Authorization and Appropriations
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers attracts congressional attention because its projects can have significant local and regional economic benefits and environmental effects, in addition to their water resource development purposes. This report provides an overview of the Corps civil works program. It covers the congressional authorization and appropriation process, the standard project development process, and other Corps activities and authorities. It also includes an Appendix on the evolution of Corps civil works missions and authorities and a description of the limits on the Corps' role in levee accreditation and improvements for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31359/
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles - issues discussed in further detail in other CRS reports referred to in each section. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31330/
Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS): Overview and Issues
This report focuses on the mandated minimum usage requirements - referred to as the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) - whereby a minimum volume of biofuels is to be used in the national transportation fuel supply each year. It describes the general nature of the biofuels RFS and its implementation, and outlines some of the emerging issues related to the sustainability of the continued growth in U.S. biofuels production needed to fulfill the expanding RFS mandate, as well as the emergence of potential unintended consequences of this rapid expansion. This report does not address the broader public policy issue of how best to support U.S. energy policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31329/
Work of the United States Forest Service.
Discusses forest depletion and provides a history of forest conservation efforts by the United States government. Describes the work of the the Civilian Conservation Corps and other emergency projects, and discusses forest and range research. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5966/
Planting and care of street trees.
Describes the importance of shade trees within city limits, including: how to plan the layout of street trees; the various types of trees best suited for city growth; and how to properly maintain city-grown trees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5943/
Our remaining land : we can use it and save it.
Discusses the condition of the remaining productive land in the United States and the risk of losing it to soil erosion. Describes conservation efforts including the use of land standards in conservation planning. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5965/
Use the land and save the soil.
This bulletin briefly answers the questions: "What is soil and water conservation?" and "How does the Soil Conservation Service help farmers and landowners?" digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5955/
Conservation farming in the Slope-Hettinger Soil Conservation District, North Dakota.
Reports the results of a soil conservation survey and makes the case for increased conservation efforts. Provides information on identifying land types and suggests simple methods of soil conservation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5956/
Visual materials on soil and water conservation.
An annotated list of films about soil and water conservation. Includes information about the films' suitability for use in elementary and secondary schools. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5957/
The church and agricultural progress.
Describes the role of agriculture in the United States from a Christian perspective. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1572/
Facts about wind erosion and dust storms on the Great Plains.
Describes the history and conditions of drought, wind erosion, and dust storms in the Great Plains; discusses long-range conservation programs and emergency measures. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1551/
Legumes in soil conservation practices.
Describes measures for preventing soil erosion through the planting of legumes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1561/
Soil-depleting, soil-conserving, and soil-building crops.
Discusses soil conservation in a clear and concise manner. Discusses soil building, soil conserving, and soil depleting crops as well as the minerals to be found in soil. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5986/
The what and why of agricultural experiment stations.
A summary of the purpose, origins, and work of the agricultural experiment stations in the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6357/
Meadows and pastures : formation and cultivation in the middle eastern states.
A guide to the cultivation and selection of varieties of hay, pasture grasses, and clover. Describes the use grass as a soil builder and provides methods of soil improvement. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6317/
Rural planning : the social aspects of recreation places.
Describes the trend toward establishing planned recreation areas in rural communities, and the economic and social benefits they provide to farmers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6304/
Reducing damage to trees from construction work.
Describes the damage often inflicted upon trees during construction projects, and explains how to plan projects accordingly to avoid these problems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1721/
Controlling the Japanese beetle.
Describes the characteristics of the Japanese beetle, the damage it causes to plants, and methods of control. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1719/
Tree planting on rural school grounds.
Discusses the importance of planning for successful Arbor-Day tree plantings on rural school grounds and churchyards. Includes suggested study topics for teachers to use in school lessons. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6306/
New landmarks of soil conservation.
Discusses various methods for protecting and conserving soil. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1576/
Dual-purpose pines.
Describes dual-purpose pines, which yield both naval stores and wood; provides suggestions for managing dual-purpose pines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1813/
Know your watersheds.
Describes the necessity of water in everyday life, the water cycle, and provides suggestions for the management of watersheds. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1804/
Seafood Safety: Background and Issues
Although seafood consumption can contribute to a healthy diet, some fish and shellfish can cause foodborne illnesses or contain environmental contaminants. This report discusses whether current food safety programs are sufficiently protecting consumers, and if not, what changes should be considered. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31458/
Game management on the farm.
Describes ways that a farmer can support game on his land to make the best use of otherwise wasted land. Provides an overview of practical game management practices. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6168/
Planting the roadside.
Describes the benefits of planting trees and shrubs on the roadside, and the proper procedures for doing so. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6187/
Grass crops in conservation farming.
Describes the success of grassland improvement methods as demonstrated by experiment stations, agricultural technicians, farmers, and ranchers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5855/
Managing the small forest
A guide to the basic principles of forest management, for use by small forest owners. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9504/
Fifty Birds of Town and City
A book depicting 50 common birds in U.S. towns and cities, with illustrations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1047/
Forest and flame in the Bible.
A collection of biblical passages supporting the protection of forests, with descriptive text provided by the author. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9515/
What are we aiming at? : a forest conservation program.
Describes the need for a postwar program to increase timber production. Discusses the need for regulated conservation practices, incentives for responsible private forest management, and an increase in public forest land area. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9516/
Managing farm fields, wetlands, and waters for wild ducks in the South.
Provides instructions for establishing ponds and marshes in order to attract wild ducks to farmlands. Discusses the recreational benefits of watching and hunting ducks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc5849/
Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues
This report reviews several issues relating to alternative fuels and vehicles, mainly to combat dependence on petroleum imports and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report discusses the advantages and drawbacks of various alternative fuels and vehicles, as well as related legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1671/
Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10015/
Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10025/
Climate Change Legislation in the 108th Congress
Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been an issue in the 108th Congress, as they have been over the past decade. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research (H.R. 1578 and S. 1164) to comprehensive emissions cap and trading programs for all six greenhouse gases (S. 139 and H.R. 4067). This report briefly discusses basic concepts on which these bills are based, and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, GHG reporting and registries, and cap and trade programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10056/
Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress
Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a continuing issue in the 109th Congress. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research to comprehensive emissions cap-and-trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting and registries, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. The bills vary in their approaches to climate change issues. This report briefly discusses the basic concepts on which these bills are based and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, technology deployment, GHG reporting and registries, and emissions reduction programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10374/
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 109th Congress
This report reviews the status of energy efficiency and renewable energy legislation introduced during the 109th Congress. Action in the second session has focused on appropriations bills; the first session focused on omnibus energy policy bill H.R. 6, H.R. 3, and several appropriations bills. For each bill listed in this report, a brief description and a summary of action are given, including references to committee hearings and reports. Also, a selected list of hearings on renewable energy is included. This report supplements the tracking of issues that appear in CRS Issue Brief IB10020 and CRS Issue Brief IB10041. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10381/
Global Climate Change: Status of Negotiations
In December 2007, the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held their 13th annual meeting in Bali, Indonesia, and began the process of working toward an agreement/treaty that would succeed the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC when it expires in 2012. The Protocol includes a mandate for a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30 developed/industrialized nations to an average of some 5% below their 1990 levels over the commitment period 2008-2012. The broad array of these issues, briefly discussed in this report, has been described by some as comprising perhaps the most complex negotiations ever undertaken internationally. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10759/
Global Climate Change
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1395/
Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?
At least one recent report and numerous news articles suggest that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are rising more rapidly than expected. While CO2 emissions associated with human activities continue to rise -- and may be worthy of alarm because of their influence on climate change -- any short-term comparisons between actual emissions and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenarios miss the mark. This report analyzes this issue and the issues associated with IPCC scenarios and trajectories. It also describes the importance of monitoring CO2 emissions and analyzing the factors and forces behind increasing CO2 emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10807/
Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1069/
Global Climate Change and Wildlife
Recently projected climate changes could have widespread effects on wildlife species. These effects might be positive or negative, depending on the species. Some effects might include extinction, range shifts, mismatches in phenology (timing of pollination, flowering, etc.), and population changes. If the effects of climate change are widespread, there is uncertainty on how wildlife will adapt. Some suggest that evolution and migration will enable species to adapt, whereas others contend that adaptation will be minimal because of limited habitat, and changes in climate that may occur may rapidly than adaptation can respond. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10692/
Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7147/
Climate Change Legislation in the 109th Congress
Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a continuing issue in the 109th Congress. Bills directly addressing climate change issues range from those focused primarily on climate change research to comprehensive emissions cap-and-trade programs. Additional bills focus on GHG reporting and registries, or on power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, as part of wider controls on pollutant emissions. The bills vary in their approaches to climate change issues. This report briefly discusses the basic concepts on which these bills are based and compares major provisions of the bills in each of the following categories: climate change research, technology deployment, GHG reporting and registries, and emissions reduction programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7450/
Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States, with a More Detailed Account of the Lands of Utah. With Maps.
A report on the lands of the Arid Region of the United States, including their agricultural and grazing potential as well as a statement of the rainfall of the western portion of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc125/
Taming runaway waters
Describes the damage caused and the economic impact of floods and fast-moving water. Discusses the role of soil and water management programs in flood control. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc11805/
Deep Water: the Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling
On May 22, 2010, President Barack Obama announced the creation of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling: an independent,nonpartisan entity, directed to provide a thorough analysis and impartial judgment. The President charged the Commission to determine the causes of the disaster, and to improve the country’s ability to respond to spills, and to recommend reforms to make offshore energy production safer. This report is the result of an intense six-month effort to fulfill the President’s charge. The Commission’s report offers the President, policymakers, industry, and the American people the fullest account available of the largest oil spill in U.S history: the context for the well itself, how the explosion and spill happened, and how industry and government scrambled to respond to an unprecedented emergency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc123527/
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