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 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Environmental Variability and Climate Change

Environmental Variability and Climate Change

Date: 2001
Creator: Past Global Changes (PAGES)
Description: The PAGES research community works toward improving our understanding of the Earth's changing environment. By placing current and future global changes in a long term perspective, they can be assessed relative to natural variability. Since the industrial revolution, the Earth System has become increasingly affected by human activities. Natural and human processes are woven into a complex tapestry of forcings, responses, feedbacks and consequences. Deciphering this complexity is essential as we plan for the future. Paleoenvironmental research is the only way to investigate Earth System processes that operate on timescales longer than the period of instrumental records.
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Global Change and Mountain Regions:  The Mountain Research Initiative

Global Change and Mountain Regions: The Mountain Research Initiative

Date: 2001
Creator: Bekcer, Alfred & Bugmann, Harald
Description: The strong altitudinal gradients in mountain regions provide unique and sometimes the best opportunities to detect and analyse global change processes and phenomena. Meteorological, hydrological, cryospheric and ecological conditions change strongly over relatively short distances; thus biodiversity tends to be high, and characteristic sequences of ecosystems and cryospheric systems are found along mountain slopes. The boundaries between these systems experience shifts due to environmental change and thus may be used as indicators of such changes. The higher parts of many mountain ranges are not affected by direct human activities. These areas include many national parks and other protected environments. They may serve as locations where the environmental impacts of climate change alone, including changes in atmospheric chemistry, can be studied directly. Mountain regions are distributed all over the globe, from the Equator almost to the poles and from oceanic to highly continental climates. This global distribution allows us to perform comparative regional studies and to analyse the regional differentiation of environmental change processes as characterised above. Therefore, within the IGBP an Initiative for Collaborative Research on Global Change and Mountain Regions was developed, which strives to achieve an integrated approach for observing, modelling and investigating global change phenomena and processes ...
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Global Change and the Earth System: A planet under pressure

Global Change and the Earth System: A planet under pressure

Date: 2001
Creator: Global Environmental Change Programmes
Description: The PAGES research community works toward improving our understanding of the Earth's changing environment. By placing current and future global changes in a long term perspective, they can be assessed relative to natural variability. Since the industrial revolution, the Earth System has become increasingly affected by human activities. Natural and human processes are woven into a complex tapestry of forcings, responses, feedbacks and consequences. Deciphering this complexity is essential as we plan for the future. Paleoenvironmental research is the only way to investigate Earth System processes that operate on timescales longer than the period of instrumental records.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Protocol amending 1949 Convention of Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol to amend the 1949 Convention on the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, done at Guayaquil, June 11, 1999, and signed by the United States, subject to ratification, in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on the same date

Protocol amending 1949 Convention of Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol to amend the 1949 Convention on the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, done at Guayaquil, June 11, 1999, and signed by the United States, subject to ratification, in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on the same date

Date: 2001
Creator: United States. President (1993-2001 : Clinton) & Pickering, Thomas Reeve, 1931-
Description: This treaty allows organizations that are not governments of states to join the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Convention, and be subject to its conservation and management protocols.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
UNEP 2000 Annual Report

UNEP 2000 Annual Report

Date: 2001
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Description: The UNEP annual report provides an overview of UNEP's activities for the year of 2000. The report also reflects on the possible challenges that the new millennium "the Environment Millennium" may bring.
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Retreat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet

Retreat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet

Date: December 27, 2000
Creator: NASA
Description: New evidence suggests that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is retreating more slowly and contributing less to rising global sea levels than scientists once thought. In fact, said researchers at a recent meeting, the sheet was still growing as recently as 8,000 years ago -- thousands of years after the most recent Ice Age.
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Effective Disaster Warnings - Report by the Working Group on Natural Disaster Information Systems Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Effective Disaster Warnings - Report by the Working Group on Natural Disaster Information Systems Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Date: November 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction.
Description: This report describes and recommends ways to improve alert systems in order to reduce loss of lives, property, and economic activity caused by natural and man-made disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
From the Edge: Science to Support Restoration of Pacific Salmon

From the Edge: Science to Support Restoration of Pacific Salmon

Date: November 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
Description: According the preface, this report represents the scientific understanding of salmon and salmon declines in the year 2000. The report provides an overview of salmon population trends, and ways to aid in and measure recovery.
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Marine Pollution Control Act

Marine Pollution Control Act

Date: November 1, 2000
Creator: China (Republic : 1949- )
Description: This law was passed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) in order to control marine pollution, protect public health, and sustainably use marine resources.
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Harmful Algal Blooms in US Waters

Harmful Algal Blooms in US Waters

Date: October 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
Description: This document discusses the causes of harmful algae blooms and their impact on the environment, public health, and the economy. The document also discusses options for managing algal blooms and current federal efforts to address the problem.
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Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Date: September 2000
Creator: Vellinga, P. & Verseveld, W. J. van
Description: The report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of 1995 has been taken as a starting point. Since 1995 many new observations and reports have become available. Much of the information on observations and studies on climate change and its impacts can be found through the Internet. Where possible we have made references, such that the reader can easily verify and review our sources. This study addresses three main questions: To what extent can the human influence on the climate system presently be measured? What can we expect for the short term and long-term future? To what extent will measures to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions affect the future climate?
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Our Changing Planet: The FY 2001 U.S. Global Change Research Program

Our Changing Planet: The FY 2001 U.S. Global Change Research Program

Date: September 2000
Creator: Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of the National Science and Technology Council
Description: This report, prepared under the auspices of the President's National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), highlights the Program's recent research and describes future plans and goals. The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established in 1989 and authorized by Congress in the Global Change Research Act of 1990. The first edition of Our Changing Planet was transmitted to the Congress as a supplement to the FY1990 budget. In just over a decade, the USGCRPhas generated remarkable improvements to our knowledge of Earth's global-scale environmental processes and helped identify and explain the causes and consequences of a series of global environmental changes, including ozone depletion and climate change.
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Senate Bill No. 1771

Senate Bill No. 1771

Date: September 2000
Creator: Secretary of State
Description: An act to add Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 42800) to Part 4 of Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, and to add Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section 25730) to Division 15 of the Public Resources Code, relating to air pollution.
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New England's Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wild life Fund

New England's Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wild life Fund

Date: August 2000
Creator: Bernow, Stephen; Dougherty, William; Page, Tom; Dunbar, Jana & Goldberg, Marshall
Description: This report presents a detailed analysis of the energy impacts, carbon and pollutant emissions reductions, and economic benefits in New England of the national policies and measures analyzed in America’s Global Warming Solutions. That study indicated that the region would reap about one sixth of the net national employment created. As two years have passed since that study was begun, time has been lost for pursuing and implementing the policies and measures evaluated along the same temporal path. Now, achieving such benefits by 2010 would require an even more aggressive set and schedule of policies, or else the benefits would occur somewhat later in time. Nonetheless, these results show that a truly aggressive national policy commitment to the problem of climate change could achieve large near-term carbon emissions reductions along with environmental and economic gains.
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Atmospheric Ammonia: Sources and Fate.  A Review of Ongoing Federal Research and Future Needs

Atmospheric Ammonia: Sources and Fate. A Review of Ongoing Federal Research and Future Needs

Date: June 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Air Quality Research Subcommittee.
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the state of the current state of federal scientific research related to atmospheric ammonia, based on discussions from an October, 1999 meeting of the Air Quality Research Subcommittee of CENR.
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The Economic Effects of EU-Wide Industry-Level Emission Trading to Reduce Greenhouse Gases: Results from PRIMES Energy Systems Model

The Economic Effects of EU-Wide Industry-Level Emission Trading to Reduce Greenhouse Gases: Results from PRIMES Energy Systems Model

Date: May 2000
Creator: Capros, P. & Manzos, L.
Description: In preparation of the Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within the European Union, the cost implications of EU-wide emissions trading carbon dioxide were estimated by E3-Lab with their PRIMES energy systems model. According to the report, if each EU member States implemented its target under the Burden sharing agreement individually, the total annual cost for the EU to reach the Kyoto target would be 9.0 billion Pound.
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Integrated Assessment of Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico

Integrated Assessment of Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico

Date: May 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
Description: This document details the ecological and economic effects of low oxygen (hypoxic) conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. This condition is caused by deforestation, river channelization, and the overuse of nitrogen in agricultural fertilizer. This document summarizes scientific evidence for the causes of hypoxia, the negative impact on Gulf of Mexico fisheries, and long-term national strategies for managing and mitigating the problem.
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Report of the Sixteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Report of the Sixteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Date: May 2000
Creator: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Description: This meeting focused on the future of the IPCC. Among other isues, the Panel considered the budget and assessed the National greenhouse gas inventories program (IPCC NGGIP).
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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution

Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution

Date: April 29, 2000
Creator: Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Description: This Law is formulated for the purpose of preventing and controlling atmospheric pollution, protecting and improving the environment for a healthy society and ecology, and promoting the development of a sustainable economy and society.
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Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries: Legal Issues and Tools

Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries: Legal Issues and Tools

Date: April 2000
Creator: Davis, Patsy
Description: Increasing awareness of the need for action on global warming has produced a search for ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to sequester carbon to offset such emissions. At the present time, nations around the globe are hotly debating whether to put into force the Kyoto Protocol. To comply with such climate controls, industrialized countries will need to develop systems to control their own domestic emissions. Domestic corporations that emit GHGs will be required to limit their emissions and will also very likely be able to gain credit by investing in climate-beneficial projects in other countries. This paper focuses on the legal issues concerned with carbon offset projects involving forestry in developing countries.
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Michigan's Global Warming Solutions

Michigan's Global Warming Solutions

Date: April 2000
Creator: Tellus Institute Resource and Environmental Strategies
Description: This report studies many changes in Michigan's energy system would help the U.S. reduce its global warming emissions, meet its Kyoto Protocol targets in the near term, and establish momentum for the deeper reductions needed for climate protection in subsequent decades. At the same time, they would contribute to the State's economic vitality, environmental integrity and quality of life.
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The Interplay between Climate Change, Forests, and Disturbances

The Interplay between Climate Change, Forests, and Disturbances

Date: March 25, 2000
Creator: Dale, Virginia H.; Joyce, Linda A.; McNulty, Steve & Neilson, Ronald P.
Description: Climate change affects forests both directly and indirectly through disturbances. Disturbances are a natural and integral part of forest ecosystems, and climate change can alter these natural interactions. When disturbances exceed their natural range of variation, the change in forest structure and function may be extreme. Each disturbance affects forests differently. Some disturbances have tight interactions with the species and forest communities which can be disrupted by climate change. Impacts of disturbances and thus of climate change are seen over a broad spectrum of spatial and temporal scales. Future observations, research, and tool development are needed to further understand the interactions between climate change and forest disturbances.
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Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency

Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency

Date: February 3, 2000
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the role of energy efficiency in federal policies to curb CO2 emissions. In particular, it discusses targets for CO2 reductions, projected energy efficiency impacts, strategies for measuring impacts, and legislative proposals that would affect support for energy efficiency programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Texas' Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wildlife Fund

Texas' Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wildlife Fund

Date: February 2000
Creator: Bernow, Stephen; Dougherty, William; Dunbar & Goldberg, Marshall
Description: This report outlined and evaluated a plan through which the United States could reduce its annual carbon-dioxide emissions by about 654 million metric tons of carbon (MtC) by 2010, 36 percent below businesses-usual projections for that year. This brings 2010 emissions to 14 percent below 1990 emissions, thereby exceeding the reductions required under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The study also found that these reductions could be obtained with net economic savings, almost 900,000 net additional jobs, and significant decreases in pollutant emissions that damage the environment, and are harmful to human health, especially of children and elderly.
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