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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Country: United States
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Dead Planet, Living Planet: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Restoration for Sustainable Development

Dead Planet, Living Planet: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Restoration for Sustainable Development

Date: 2010
Creator: Nelleman, Christian & Corcoran, Emily
Description: This report discusses some vital services that natural ecosystems contribute to human health and development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Dust from Africa Leads to Large Toxic Algae Blooms in Gulf of Mexico, Study Finds. [Press release].

Dust from Africa Leads to Large Toxic Algae Blooms in Gulf of Mexico, Study Finds. [Press release].

Date: August 28, 2001
Creator: NASA News
Description: This press release summarizes the findings of a new study. Saharan dust clouds travel thousands of miles and fertilize the water off the West Florida coast with iron, which kicks off blooms of toxic algae. The research was partially funded by a NASA grant as part of ECOHAB: Florida (Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms), a multi-disciplinary research project designed to study harmful algae.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Ecological Forecasting: Agenda for the Future

Ecological Forecasting: Agenda for the Future

Date: unknown
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Ecological Systems.
Description: This brochure outlines the economic importance of ecological forecasting, as well as the importance of ecosystems for sustainable development, land management, and recreation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Ecoregion: Caribbean

Ecoregion: Caribbean

Date: June 2009
Creator: U.S. Global Change Research Program
Description: This document is part of a set of educational resources for educators to encourage climate literacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Ecoregion: Desert Arid

Ecoregion: Desert Arid

Date: June 2009
Creator: U.S. Global Change Research Program
Description: This brochure describes the effects of climate change in the desert and arid regions of the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Effective Disaster Warnings - Report by the Working Group on Natural Disaster Information Systems Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Effective Disaster Warnings - Report by the Working Group on Natural Disaster Information Systems Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Date: November 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction.
Description: This report describes and recommends ways to improve alert systems in order to reduce loss of lives, property, and economic activity caused by natural and man-made disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Emissions Caps for Electricity

Emissions Caps for Electricity

Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Description: This map shows states that cap greenhouse gas emissions through performance standards or through cap and trade systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Endangered Species Act of 1973

Endangered Species Act of 1973

Date: January 24, 2002
Creator: United States. Congress. House
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) of the Department of the Interior maintains a worldwide list which, as of Feb. 20, 2008, included 1574 endangered species (599 are plants) and 351 threatened species (148 are plants). Species include birds, insects, fish, reptiles, mammals, crustaceans, flowers, grasses, and trees. Anyone can petition FWS to include a species on this list. The law requires federal agencies, in consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and/or the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Service, to ensure that actions they authorize, fund, or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any listed species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of designated critical habitat of such species. The law also prohibits any action that causes a "taking" of any listed species of endangered fish or wildlife. Likewise, import, export, interstate, and foreign commerce of listed species are all generally prohibited.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Energy Efficiency Standards and Targets

Energy Efficiency Standards and Targets

Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Description: This map shows states with policies to promote efficient generation, transmission, and use of energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Energy Policy Act

Energy Policy Act

Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: United States. Congress
Description: The Energy Policy Act (EPA) addresses energy production in the United States, including: (1) energy efficiency; (2) renewable energy; (3) oil and gas; (4) coal; (5) Tribal energy; (6) nuclear matters and security; (7) vehicles and motor fuels, including ethanol; (8) hydrogen; (9) electricity; (10) energy tax incentives; (11) hydropower and geothermal energy; and (12) climate change technology. For example, the Act provides loan guarantees for entities that develop or use innovative technologies that avoid the by-production of greenhouse gases. Another provision of the Act increases the amount of biofuel that must be mixed with gasoline sold in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Environmental Quality; Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Environmental Quality; Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Date: 2007
Creator: House of Representatives
Description: Establishes as state policy statewide greenhouse gas emissions limits at or below the statewide greenhouse gas emissions levels in 1990 to be achieved by January 1, 2020. Establishes greenhouse gas emissions reduction task force to prepare a work plan and regulatory scheme to achieve the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Executive Order - Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes

Executive Order - Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: United States. President (2009- : Obama)
Description: This order establishes a national policy to ensure the protection, maintenance, and restoration of the health of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystems and resources, enhance the sustainability of ocean and coastal economies, preserve maritime heritage, support sustainable uses and access, provide for adaptive management to enhance understanding of and capacity to respond to climate change and ocean acidification, and coordinate with national security and foreign policy interests. This order also provides for the development of coastal and marine spatial plans that build upon and improve existing Federal, State, tribal, local, and regional decision making and planning processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
S.F. No. 145, 2nd Engrossment 85th Legislative Session (20072008)

S.F. No. 145, 2nd Engrossment 85th Legislative Session (20072008)

Date: May 2007
Creator: State of Minnesota
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: [United States. Congress]
Description: The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) provides for federal regulation of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides distributed or sold in the United States must be registered (licensed) by EPA. Before EPA may register a pesticide under FIFRA, the applicant must show, among other things, that using the pesticide according to specifications "will not generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on the environment.'' FIFRA defines the term ''unreasonable adverse effects on the environment'' to mean: ''(1) any unreasonable risk to man or the environment, taking into account the economic, social, and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide, or (2) a human dietary risk from residues that result from a use of a pesticide in or on any food inconsistent with the standard under section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.''
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance

Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance

Date: October 5, 2009
Creator: United States. President (2009- : Obama)
Description: This executive order establishes sustainability and energy efficiency as priorities in the operations of the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Federal Register Volume 62, No. 78, Pages 19884  to 19887, April 23, 1997

Federal Register Volume 62, No. 78, Pages 19884 to 19887, April 23, 1997

Date: April 23, 1997
Creator: [Clinton, William J.]
Description: The United States Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents. This specific Executive Order (E.O.) 13045 - Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks - was issued by President William J. Clinton in 1997. The order applies to economically significant rules under E.O. 12866 that concern an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect children. Environmental health risks or safety risks refer to risks to health or to safety that are attributable to products or substances that the child is likely to come in contact with or ingest (such as the air we breathe, the food we eat, the water we drink or use for recreation, the soil we live on, and the products we use or are exposed to). When promulgating a rule of this description, EPA must evaluate the effects of the planned regulation on children and explain why the regulation is preferable to potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Date: November 27, 2002
Creator: United States. Congress. House
Description: The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. The basis of the CWA was enacted in 1948 and was called the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, but the Act was significantly reorganized and expanded in 1972. "Clean Water Act" became the Act's common name with amendments in 1977. Under the CWA, EPA has implemented pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry. We have also set water quality standards for all contaminants in surface waters. The CWA made it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit was obtained. EPA's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program controls discharges. Point sources are discrete conveyances such as pipes or man-made ditches. Individual homes that are connected to a municipal system, use a septic system, or do not have a surface discharge do not need an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other facilities must obtain permits if their discharges go directly to surface waters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force

Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: United States. Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force.
Description: This report provides recommendations for a strengthened governance structure to provide sustained, high-level, and coordinated attention to ocean, coastal, and Great Lake issues with a framework that addresses conservation, economic activity, user conflict, and sustainable use of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Final Vermont Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reference Case Projections, 1990-2030

Final Vermont Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reference Case Projections, 1990-2030

Date: October 2007
Creator: Center for Climate Strategies
Description: This report estimates the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sinks for Vermont from 1990-2030.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Financial Incentives for CCS

Financial Incentives for CCS

Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Description: This map shows states that provide financial incentives for deploying carbon capture and storage technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Report 2.2: The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report: North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle

Findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Report 2.2: The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report: North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle

Date: 2007
Creator: U.S. Global Change Research Program
Description: This brochure describes sources of carbon emissions in North America, and ways to remove those emissions from the atmosphere.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
FITness Testing: Exploring the myths and misconceptions about feed-in tariff policies

FITness Testing: Exploring the myths and misconceptions about feed-in tariff policies

Date: 2009
Creator: World Future Council
Description: The booklet argues that in spite of the recent surge in renewable electricity markets, the United States will need to dramatically increase the amount of installed renewable energy in order to improve energy security, create new jobs, and address the growing risks of climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Florida’s Energy and Climate Change Action Plan: 2007

Florida’s Energy and Climate Change Action Plan: 2007

Date: November 2007
Creator: Governor’s Action Team on Energy and Climate Change
Description: This report provides findings and recommendations addressing 11 charges, framed by three principal energy challenges facing Florida: stimulate economic development, achieve energy security and address the effects of global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
From the Edge: Science to Support Restoration of Pacific Salmon

From the Edge: Science to Support Restoration of Pacific Salmon

Date: November 2000
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Environment and Natural Resources.
Description: According the preface, this report represents the scientific understanding of salmon and salmon declines in the year 2000. The report provides an overview of salmon population trends, and ways to aid in and measure recovery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries