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 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles:Morocco
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226616/
Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Forecast and Policy Recommendations Addressing Greenhouse Gas Reduction in Alaska
This report describes potential mitigation measures to include in a strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Alaska. The report states that each of the measures requires further study. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226650/
Integrated Ecosystem Assessment of Western China
Western Development is an important strategy of China Government. The ecological environment in the western region of China is very fragile, and any improper human activity or resource utilization will lead to irrecoverable ecological degradation. Therefore, the integrated ecosystem assessment in the western region of China is of great significance to the Western Development Strategy. This project, Integrated Ecosystem Assessment of Western China (MAWEC), will provide very important scientific foundations for both the central and local governments to make decisions on ecological construction, thus assuring the successful implementation of the Western Development Strategy. Meanwhile, MAWEC as one of the MA sub-global assessments is contributing to strengthen capability in boosting the development of the ecological science, interaction between different subjects, and combination between scientific research and practice, and pushing forward international cooperation in the relevant fields. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226654/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Ethiopia
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226682/
AB 32 Fact Sheet - California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006
Establishes first-in-the-world comprehensive program of regulatory and market mechanisms to achieve real, quantifiable, cost-effective reductions of greenhouse gases (GHG). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226668/
Valuation Techniques and Metrics for Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Options: Methodological Perspectives For the National Climate Assessment
The National Climate Assessment (NCA) Report Series summarizes regional, sectoral, and process-related workshops and discussions being held as part of the third NCA process. This workshop focused on techniques for quantitatively valuing climate impacts and adaptation in the context of the upcoming NCA. The workshop was held in Arlington, VA on January 12-13, 2011. Volume 8 of the NCA Report Series summarizes the discussions and outcomes of this workshop. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226640/
CYCLOCITY® A Revolutionary Public Transport System Accessible To All
Presentation to the OECD Working Group on Transport. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226670/
State of Biodiversity Markets Offset and Compensation Programs Worldwide
The report provides the status and trends of biodiversity offset and compensatory mitigation programs by geographical region. It summarizes the total active programs and developing activities, and broad metrics like total known payments and land area protected. It also analyzes the characteristics of offset programs and looks at recent developments in nascent and existing programs in the region. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226690/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Barbados
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226666/
Creating an Alaska Climate Impact Assessment Commission: Legislative Resolve Number 49
This legislation establishes a commission to assess the impact of climate change on the economy, population, and landscape of Alaska. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226696/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Ghana
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226664/
Public Law of Maine: First Regular Session of the 121st
An Act To Provide Leadership in Addressing the Threat of Climate Change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226694/
From the Drylands to the Market: Policy Opportunities and Challenges in Dryland Areas of East Africa.
This paper presents a summary of the challenges, opportunities and policies adopted by the three East African countries –Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania- to address the production and marketing of goods and services from drylands. It also provides recommendations on policy that could enhance production and marketing of relevant products. It is based on three national policy studies undertaken in the three countries, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226800/
.Negotiations on Additional Investment and Financial Flows to Address Climate Change in Developing Countrie: An Environment & Energy Group Publication
This paper is one of a series produced for the project that provides in-depth information on the four thematic building blocks of the Bali Action Plan—mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance—as well as on land-use, land-use change and forestry. The project materials also include executive summaries for policymakers, background briefing documents and workshop presentations. These materials will be used for national awareness raising workshops in the participating countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226632/
HCR 30 Will Help Alaska Prepare for and Reduce the Impacts of Climate Change
This document describes Alaska's state bill, HCR 30 which calls for a sub-cabinet on the impacts of climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226660/
Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates
Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates A Study for: World Wildlife Fund Tellus Institute Boston, . environmental regulations, and indefinitely postpone our obligation to protect the global climate – no matter the long-term impacts and costs. President. global warming later on. Indeed, had such demand-side efforts been underway sooner our current predicaments could have been avoided or lessened. Globally.. Today, the United States produces less than 12 percent of global oil supplies. Even with strenuous efforts by the Bush Administration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226618/
A Bill : House Bill 2460
On April 3, 2007, Governor Mike Beebe of Arkansas established a Governor's Commission on Global Warming with the signing of HB2460. The commission will study the potential impacts of climate change on the state’s environment and economy, and then recommend a global warming pollutant reduction goal and strategies for achieving it. Commission members will include representatives from the state government as well as many groups including scientific, energy, forestry, agricultural, and environmental organizations, among others. The Commission must report its findings by November 1, 2008. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226698/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Kenya
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226624/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Mauritius
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226652/
Clean Energy: Jobs for America’s Future
This study analyzes the employment, macroeconomic, energy and environmental impacts of implementing the Climate Protection Scenario. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226676/
Administrative Order No. 238
This executive order establishes the Alaska Climate Change Sub-Cabinet to advise the Office of the Governor of Alaska on the preparation and implementation of a climate change strategy for Alaska. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226712/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Dominica
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226734/
Cycling in Sweden
Increased use of bicycles can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution - and have positive impacts on human health. The Working Group on Transport (WGT) under OECD’s Environment Policy Committee discussed measures to promote bicycle use at a meeting (27-28 January 2010). Below are the presentations that were made on that occasion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226748/
Blue Ribbon Advisory Council on Climate Change, Report to Governor Jon M. Huntsman, Jr.
The final report from an advisory panel of 15 scientists and industry experts finding that humans are responsible for climate warming and that Utah is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions per capita than the rest of the nation. It makes about 70 recommendations for fighting global warming including: developing significant amounts of renewable energy with incentives and tax credits, encouraging the capture and disposal of carbon dioxide, improving efficiency at power plants, implementing an aggressive mass-transit strategy, and preserving open space and agricultural land and protecting forests. The report, however, does not include specific policy recommendations or rules to implement action. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226742/
Sustainable Development Report 2009
This Sustainable Development Report provides a comprehensive description of the economic, ecological and social challenges that are linked to Bayer's operations and show stakholders the strategies and solutions that are applying to meet them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226714/
Green and Growing: Building A Green And Prosperous Future For Manitoba Families
Green and Growing is a strategic framework that will continue to be developed and expanded as we go forward. Through this strategic framework, we hope to provide Manitobans, and the world, with a better understanding of the Manitoba government’s overall approach to the environment as well as the health and well-being of our province and its families. Our goal is to build a future that promises to be both green and growing for the benefit of all Manitobans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226772/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Chad
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226728/
Montana Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reference Case Projections 1990-2020
The Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) prepared this report under contract to the Montana Department of Environment Quality (MDEQ). The report contains an inventory and forecast of the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from 1990 to 2020. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226750/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Tanzania
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226754/
Who Needs what to Implement the Kyoto Protocol?: An Assessment of Capacity Building Needs in 33 Developing Countries
For African countries, it is imperative to increase capacity for implementing both the Climate Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, in view of the continent’s vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change, including the threat to food security and sustainable development. The country surveys, which are framed around the list of perceived capacity building needs annexed to Decision 10/CP.5, provided insight into the capacity building needs of the project-countries. Hence, the aspects examined during the assessment exercise reflect some of the concerns of African countries; and the stakeholders’ responses can be taken as indications of the capacity building needs of the African countries assessed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226740/
Quebec and Climate Change: A Chllenge for the Future
In June 2006, Québec established its first climate change action plan that set ambitious goals and established the means to achieve them. Entitled QUÉBEC AND CLIMATE CHANGE: A Challenge for the Future, the 2006–2012 Climate Change Action Plan was a major step on the road to a society where sustainable development is at the core of priorities and collective choices. The government is now moving forward by improving the action plan with new measures and additional funding. The revised action plan allows Québec to maintain its position as a North American leader in the fight against climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226770/
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Washington State Government
This report summarizes the total GHG emission from all state agencies for 2005, 2008, and 2009. It examines actions already taken by agencies to reduce emissions and outlines key next steps for agencies to take to develop emission reduction strategies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226776/
Florida’s Energy and Climate Change Action Plan: 2007
This report provides findings and recommendations addressing 11 charges, framed by three principal energy challenges facing Florida: stimulate economic development, achieve energy security and address the effects of global climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226764/
General Assembly of North Carolina Session 2005: Session Law 2005-442 Senate Bill 1134
An act to establish the legislative commission on global climate change: to direct the commission to study issues related to global warming, the emerging carbon economy, and whether it is appropriate and desirable for the state to establish a global warming pollutant reduction goal; and, if the commission determines that the establishment of a goal is appropriate and desirable, to authorize the commission to develop a recommended goal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226794/
Engrossed Substitute House Bill 6001
. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226782/
Carbon/Efficiency Labelling & Bio-Blending for Optimising Benefits of Biodiesel & Additive Use
The Carbon Labelling project implemented several labelling measures in Europe focused on transportation products and services with low CO2 emissions. The project promoted biodiesel, low-viscosity lubricants and ‘low carbon’ freight services. This first European carbon labelling initiative supported the discussion about measures for the greenhouse gas reduction (GHG) targets of the European Union and the role of biofuels to mitigate GHG emissions. Carbon life cycle numbers were calculated with GHG models from leading European research institutes. The identified carbon reduction numbers were used for pilot labelling initiatives via the label “CO2Star” developed by a professional advertising agency. The label and consumer information websites provided information to consumers about environmental and economic benefits of the labelled biofuels, lubricants and freight services. For instance, the German fuel distributor Q1 implemented a carbon labelling pilot programme for biodiesel (B 100) and lubricants at its fuel stations, while Dutch horticulture freight companies implemented the carbon label to promote "low carbon" freight services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226768/
Michigan's Global Warming Solutions
This report studies many changes in Michigan's energy system would help the U.S. reduce its global warming emissions, meet its Kyoto Protocol targets in the near term, and establish momentum for the deeper reductions needed for climate protection in subsequent decades. At the same time, they would contribute to the State's economic vitality, environmental integrity and quality of life. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226774/
OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum
The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to GHG emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. These mechanisms are of significant interest to both Economies in Transition and developing countries. The scope of the Forum also covered experiences with the use of emission trading in other environmental policy applications, such as reducing conventional air pollutants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226716/
Korea's Green Growth Strategy Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines
Korea’s greenhouse gas emissions almost doubled between 1990 and 2005, the highest growth rate in the OECD area. Korea recently set a target of reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a "business as usual" baseline, implying a 4% cut from the 2005 level. Achieving this objective in a cost-effective manner requires moving from a strategy based on voluntary commitments by firms to market-based instruments. The priority is to establish a comprehensive cap-and-trade scheme, supplemented, if necessary, by carbon taxes in areas not covered by trading. Achieving a significant cut in emissions requires a shift from energy-intensive industries to low-carbon ones. Korea is strongly committed to promoting green growth through its Five-Year Plan, which envisages spending 2% of GDP per year through 2013. One challenge is to ensure that these expenditures are efficiently targeted so as to develop green technologies, while avoiding the risks inherent in industrial policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226798/
Financial Sustainability Scorecard for National Systems of Protected Areas
The purpose of this scorecard is to assist governments, donors and NGOs to investigate and record significant aspects of aProtected Area (PA) financing system –its accounts and its underlying structural foundations – to show both its current health and status and to indicate if the system is holistically moving over the long-term towards an improved financial situation. The scorecard is designed for national systems of PAs but could be used by sub-national eg state, regional or municipal or networks of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226724/
Dryland futures: East and Southern Africa-Three Critical Factors
The publication looks to the prospect for the East and Southern African drylands in the context of recent history and the changes that have occurred in the realms of policy, economic and social conditions and the environment. It further points out three of the biggest challenges facing East and Southern Africa in the foreseeable future— climate change, land tenure and HIV/AIDS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226752/
Leveraging the Landscape
Over the last three years, projects that address the relationships between carbon and forests have moved from the sidelines of international climate action to center field. Forestry’s recent advancements are the product of decades of ongoing collaboration among market and environmental experts seeking to strike an ideal balance between forestry projects’ market risks and shared benefits. Market dynamics in 2011 demonstrated that these efforts have never been more pivotal, or complex, as forest carbon projects mature – and find themselves positioned squarely in the midst of some of today’s most challenging policy debates. This year, a record number of forest project developers and secondary market suppliers from around the world shared data about their projects and transactions. This third annual State of the Forest Carbon Markets tracks, reports, and analyzes trends in these responses. This information is primarily based on data collected from respondents to Ecosystem Marketplace’s 2011 forest carbon project developer’s survey, combined with data from the 2012 State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets report. The data and analysis that follow cover forest carbon activity in compliance carbon markets – including the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS), the New South Wales Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scheme (NSW GGAS) and British Columbia’s (BC) Carbon Neutral Government directive – as well as voluntary carbon markets including voluntary Over-the-Counter (OTC) market and country-specific voluntary programs worldwide. In total, we captured responses from 140 project developers or project proponents in the primary forest carbon market and 35 suppliers in the secondary market. Respondents represented 215 individual forest carbon projects, half of which transacted credits in 2011 – totaling 451 projects analyzed in all survey years. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226738/
Antarctic Climate Change in the 20th and 21st centuries: Extracts from the Executive Summary of SCAR’s Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment (ACCE) Review Report
The instrumental period began in the Antarctic with the International Geophysical Year, about 50 years ago. The snapshot we have of the climate during this period is tiny in the long history of the continent. Determining how the environment of the Antarctic will evolve over the next century presents challenges. Climate models are the only means we have of providing synoptic views of future environmental behaviour, albeit crudely and at coarse resolution. However, the effects of increased greenhouse gases are already evident, and the effects of their expected increase over the next century, if they continue to rise at the current rate, will be remarkable because of their speed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226784/
Green Economy In Action: Articles and Excerpts that Illustrate Green Economy and Sustainable Development Efforts
The Green Economy is one in which the vital linkages among the economy, society, and environment are taken into account. This selection of articles and excerpts emerged in response to the need to fill the knowledge gap on practical, concrete, and on the ground green economy country experience. It is in this spirit that the articles and excerpts included in this publication have been selected: to provide information and knowledge for policy and decision makers and practitioners on the positive implications of greening some priority sectors, including job creation, resource efficiency, and generally contribution to sustainable development through an extensive review of scientific publications and magazines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226762/
El Niño and health
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a climate event that originates in the Pacific Ocean but has wide-ranging consequences for weather around the world, and is especially associated with droughts and floods. The irregular occurrence of El Niño and La Niña events has implications for public health. On a global scale, the human effect of natural disasters increases during El Niño. The effect of ENSO on cholera risk in Bangladesh, and malaria epidemics in parts of South Asia and South America has been well established. The strongest evidence for an association between ENSO and disease is provided by time-series analysis with data series that include more than one event. Evidence for ENSO's effect on other mosquito-borne and rodent-borne diseases is weaker than that for malaria and cholera. Health planners are used to dealing with spatial risk concepts but have little experience with temporal risk management. ENSO and seasonal climate forecasts might offer the opportunity to target scarce resources for epidemic control and disaster preparedness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226726/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Mali
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226792/
The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in The Climate Negotiations: Summary for Policy Makers
To assist policy makers in understanding the complex issues under discussion in the negotiating process, UNDP commissioned a series of background briefing papers on the key issues under the four main "building blocks" of the current international negotiations -- mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance -- as well as land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). This document contains summaries for policy makers of these briefing papers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226708/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Benin
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226730/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Armenia
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226778/
Senate Bill No. 1368
An act to add Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 8340) to Division 4.1 of the Public Utilities Code, relating to electricity. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226756/