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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2003
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Pathways: In the UNFCCC Process up to 2025

Greenhouse Gas Reduction Pathways: In the UNFCCC Process up to 2025

Date: October 2003
Creator: Criqui, P.; Kitous, A.; Berk, M.; den Elzen, M.; Eickhout, B.; Lucas, P. et al.
Description: Meeting the EU objective of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels requires a peak in global greenhouse gas emissions within the next two decades. This means that early participation of developing countries in global emission control is needed, even under a significant strengthening of the commitments of Annex I countries under the Kyoto Protocol. The study has shown that it is possible to design a set of consistent rules for the attribution of the long-term emission endowments of the different world regions. The gains from participating in global emission trading and from reduced air pollution damage and/or abatement costs does substantially enhance, from a developing country perspective, the attractiveness of an early participation in a regime based on greenhouse gas reduction pathways, provided that the level and the form of their commitment is well designed so as to minimise economic risks.
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Kyoto Protocol Implementation

Kyoto Protocol Implementation

Date: May 2003
Creator: Criqui, Patrick & Kitous, Alban
Description: This report analyze the impacts of linking JI and CDM to the future European Emission Allowance Trading System (ETSy). The result indicate that the volume of credits obtained through JI and CDM projects by the enlarged EU Emission Allowance Trading Scheme, as well as the magnitude of cost savings and allowance price impacts will crucially depend on how much competition there will be from EU Member States and other countries in JI and CDM credits.
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Establishing the Leakage Rates of Mobile Air Conditioners

Establishing the Leakage Rates of Mobile Air Conditioners

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Schwarz, Winfried & Harnisch, Jochen
Description: The purpose of the study is to - based on field measurements - determine the average annual leakage rate of HFC-134a from MACs in the European Union of a "second generation"1 air conditioner. From November 2002, to January 2003 300 measurements of HFC-134a leakage were carried out on air conditioners of cars up to seven years age. The measurements were carried out on vehicles of all EU relevant makes at 19 garages in Germany (Osnabrück), Portugal (Rio Maior) and Sweden (Helsingborg) reflecting different climatic conditions.
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Environmental Impact Assessment Act

Environmental Impact Assessment Act

Date: January 8, 2003
Creator: China (Republic : 1949- ). Huan jing bao hu shu
Description: This law was passed by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to protect the natural environment from some of the negative effects of economic growth.
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Modernizing NEPA Implementation

Modernizing NEPA Implementation

Date: September 2003
Creator: Council on Environmental Quality (U.S.)
Description: This report presents recommendations to change the NEPA implementation process, based on the review of an appointed task force.
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Buying Time: A User’s Manual for Building Resistance and Resilience to Climate Change in Natural Systems

Buying Time: A User’s Manual for Building Resistance and Resilience to Climate Change in Natural Systems

Date: August 2003
Creator: Hansen, L. J.; Biringer J.L. & Hoffman J.R.
Description: This publication is meant for Protected Areas Managers. It gives detailed information about assessing occurring and possible damage from climate change and fending off the damage - buying time for our protected areas while the world works out the only long-term solution - reducing CO2 emissions.
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Conserving Nature - Partnering with People brochure on WWF's work on protected areas

Conserving Nature - Partnering with People brochure on WWF's work on protected areas

Date: August 2003
Creator: Dudley, Nigel; Stolton, Sue & Duncan, Emma
Description: WWF is working harder than ever to establish a global network of ecologically representative and effectively managed land, freshwater, and marine protected areas. With 40 years experience, targeted conservation goals, and projects combining practical field implementation with highlevel policy work in over 100 countries, we are uniquely placed to lead protected area work into the 21st century.
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Senate, No. 2351

Senate, No. 2351

Date: February 2003
Creator: State of New Jersey
Description: An Act establishing a vehicle emissions program.
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OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

Date: March 2003
Creator: Gupta, Shreekant
Description: The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to greenhouse gas emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. The Forum also aimed to promote dialogue between the various stakeholder groups, and discuss policy needs in the design and implementation of tradeable emissions schemes. Forum participants included representatives from OECD and non-OECD governments, as well as from the research community. Those from industry and other institutions involved with emissions trading, joint implementation and clean development mechanism projects such as the European Commission and the World Bank were also represented.
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The Global Drylands Initiative: Land Tenure Reform and The Drylands

The Global Drylands Initiative: Land Tenure Reform and The Drylands

Date: April 2003
Creator: United Nations Development Programme
Description: The paper focuses on the need to rethink conventional wisdom on land tenure approaches and asks how we can best respond to the land tenure problems. It provides a comparative overview of land tenure systems in the drylands, identifies challenges and trends in land tenure reform projects, and offers ideas for decision-makers.
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Power Switch: Impacts of Climate Policy on the Global Power Sector

Power Switch: Impacts of Climate Policy on the Global Power Sector

Date: November 2003
Creator: WWF Climate Change Programme
Description: This report assesses the financial consequences of climate change policy for 14 leading global power companies.
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OECD Global Forum on Substainable Development: Emission Trading: Concerted Action On Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

OECD Global Forum on Substainable Development: Emission Trading: Concerted Action On Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

Date: March 2003
Creator: Yang, Jintian & Schreifels, Jeremy
Description: The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to greenhouse gas emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. The Forum also aimed to promote dialogue between the various stakeholder groups, and discuss policy needs in the design and implementation of tradeable emissions schemes. Forum participants included representatives from OECD and non-OECD governments, as well as from the research community. Those from industry and other institutions involved with emissions trading, joint implementation and clean development mechanism projects such as the European Commission and the World Bank were also represented.
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The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

Date: August 2003
Creator: Bailie, Alison; Bernow, Stephen; Castelli, Brian; O’Connor, Pete; Romm, Joseph & Tellus Institute & The Center for Energy and Climate Solutions April
Description: This report examines the policies and measures needed to accelerate the use of those technologies and dramatically reduce U.S. heat-trapping gas emissions by 2020. The goal is to set the nation on the path to achieving zero-carbon electricity by mid-century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum

Date: March 2003
Creator: Ogushi, Takuya & Kure, Seiki
Description: The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to GHG emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. These mechanisms are of significant interest to both Economies in Transition and developing countries. The scope of the Forum also covered experiences with the use of emission trading in other environmental policy applications, such as reducing conventional air pollutants.
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An Assessment of Coastal Hypoxia and Eutrophication in U.S. Waters

An Assessment of Coastal Hypoxia and Eutrophication in U.S. Waters

Date: November 2003
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Air Quality Research Subcommittee.
Description: This document is about hypoxia in aquatic ecosystems. Hypoxia is a depletion of oxygen caused by runoff, land cover change, and other factors associated with population growth and agriculture. The report discusses mitigation strategies and trends in managing this problem.
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Agency Collaboration for UNCCD Implementation: Current Situation and Lessons Learned

Agency Collaboration for UNCCD Implementation: Current Situation and Lessons Learned

Date: August 2003
Creator: Havana, Cuba
Description: This joint publication of the Facilitation Committee of the Global Mechanism for the UNCCD CoP-6, (25 Aug - 5 Sept 2003, Havana, Cuba), presents short briefs by Committee members highlighting their commitment to CCD process and its implementation. It provides some lessons learnt from collaboration between members through a matrix of successful collaborative efforts to date.
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Global Drylands Imperative Challenge Paper: Pastoralism and Mobility In Drylands

Global Drylands Imperative Challenge Paper: Pastoralism and Mobility In Drylands

Date: March 2003
Creator: unknown
Description: Nomadic pastoralists and the dryland ecosystems they occupy form a critically important but little known livelihood system. Pastoralists have been ill-served by development policies and actions so far, since planners have almost without exception tried to convert the pastoralists into something else, judged more modern, more progressive and more productive. Happily this is now changing, as researchers and planners revise their ideas and identify a new development agenda. Many of these changes have resulted from successfully listening to herders themselves
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No Place to Hide:: Effects of Climate Change on Protected Areas

No Place to Hide:: Effects of Climate Change on Protected Areas

Date: July 2003
Creator: Ervin, Jamison
Description: This paper considers the potential impacts of climate change on protected areas (PAs) and actions that can be taken to mitigate them. Recent research suggests that the types of environmental changes predicted in climatic models are now taking place. Studies of many animals and plants that show significant alterations in range or behaviour find that the most consistent explanation for these is climate change. These impacts may necessitate a fundamental rethinking in the approach to protection. Protected areas are rooted in the concept of permanence: protection works best as a conservation tool if the area remains protected for the foreseeable future. But under climate change, species for which a particular protected area was established may no longer survive there. Some protected areas - for instance in coastal, arctic and mountain regions - may disappear altogether in their current form.
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Fueling Transportation Finance: A Primer on the Gas Tax

Fueling Transportation Finance: A Primer on the Gas Tax

Date: March 2003
Creator: Puentes, Robert & Prince, Ryan
Description: This report is about a study of the collection, allocation, and use of federal and state taxes on motor fuels the “gas tax”.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Public Law of Maine: First Regular Session of the 121st

Public Law of Maine: First Regular Session of the 121st

Date: September 2003
Creator: State of Maine
Description: An Act To Provide Leadership in Addressing the Threat of Climate Change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Date: 2003
Creator: Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics Project (GLOBEC)
Description: The ocean is a vital component of the metabolism of the Earth and plays a key role in global change. In fact, the oceans cover so much of the Earth's surface that our planet has been described as the Water Planet, and it could be argued that its most extensive ecosystems are marine. Marine ecosystems are inextricably involved in the physical, chemical, biological and societal processes of global change. It is impossible to describe and understand the Earth system without understanding the ocean, the special characteristics of the environment that it provides for life, the changes that it is undergoing and the manner in which these changes interact with the total Earth System. Understanding the functioning of marine ecosystems and how they respond to global change is also essential in order to effectively manage global marine living resources, such as fisheries. The GLOBEC project is an international response to the need to understand how global change will affect the abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations, from zooplankton to fish, that comprise a major component of oceanic ecosystems. GLOBEC's goal is to advance our understanding of the structure and functioning of such ecosystems, their major subsystems, and responses to physical ...
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Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation [Map]

Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation [Map]

Date: 2003
Creator: CAVM Team
Description: The Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map shows the types of vegetation that occur across the Arctic, between the ice-covered Arctic Ocean to the north and the northern limit of forests to the south. Environmental and climatic conditions are extreme, with a short growing season and low summer temperatures. As one moves southward (outward from map's center in all directions), the amount of warmth available for plant growth increases considerably.
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Tunza: The UNEP Magazine for Youth, Volume 1, Number 2, 2003

Tunza: The UNEP Magazine for Youth, Volume 1, Number 2, 2003

Date: 2003
Creator: unknown
Description: Tunza is a UNEP magazine for and by young people. This issue is devoted to recycling and ecological footprints.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Tunza: The UNEP Magazine for Youth, Volume 1, Number 1, 2003

Tunza: The UNEP Magazine for Youth, Volume 1, Number 1, 2003

Date: 2003
Creator: Lean, Geoffrey
Description: Tunza is a magazine published by the UN Environment Programme about environmental issues from a youth perspective. This issue is about freshwater resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
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