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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Federal Water Pollution Control Act

Date: November 27, 2002
Creator: United States. Congress. House
Description: The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. The basis of the CWA was enacted in 1948 and was called the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, but the Act was significantly reorganized and expanded in 1972. "Clean Water Act" became the Act's common name with amendments in 1977. Under the CWA, EPA has implemented pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry. We have also set water quality standards for all contaminants in surface waters. The CWA made it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit was obtained. EPA's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program controls discharges. Point sources are discrete conveyances such as pipes or man-made ditches. Individual homes that are connected to a municipal system, use a septic system, or do not have a surface discharge do not need an NPDES permit; however, industrial, municipal, and other facilities must obtain permits if their discharges go directly to surface waters.
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DIVERSITAS Science Plan

DIVERSITAS Science Plan

Date: September 2002
Creator: DIVERSITAS
Description: This Science Plan is mainly concerned with the current extinction crisis on Earth, which, unlike its predecessors, is occurring at an unprecedented rate, is the direct result of human activities and is occurring at all levels at which diversity is measured - from the genetic diversity of many natural and domesticated species to the diversity of ecosystems and landscapes, through the tremendous richness of species. Current human-induced rates of species extinction are estimated to be about 1,000 times greater than past background rates. Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. Scientists commonly measure and describe this variety at the level of genes, species and ecosystems, but scientific interest in biodiversity goes far beyond describing and measuring it. The DIVERSITAS programme was founded to address the scientific questions that need to be answered in order to understand how biodiversity supports life on Earth, what the impacts of the present loss of biodiversity are for human and ecosystem survival and how humans can sustainably use and conserve biodiversity.
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Climate and Global Change Interagency Inventory Data Sheet

Climate and Global Change Interagency Inventory Data Sheet

Date: August 26, 2002
Creator: Climate Change Science Program
Description: The Climate and Global Change Interagency Inventory Data Sheet is a working document (dated August 2002) that includes information provided by federal agencies regarding their climate and global change research activities.
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California Assembly Bill No. 1493

California Assembly Bill No. 1493

Date: July 2002
Creator: Governor Gray Davis & Governor Gray Davis
Description: The "Pavley" bill requires the registry, in consultation with the State Air Resources Board, to adopt procedures and protocols for the reporting and certification of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from mobile sources for use by the state board in granting the emission reduction credits. This bill requires the state board to develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, regulations that achieve the maximum feasible reduction of greenhouse gases emitted by passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks.
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Excutive Order 07-02: Washington Climate Change Challenge

Excutive Order 07-02: Washington Climate Change Challenge

Date: July 2002
Creator: Office of Tthe Governor
Description: .
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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Promotion of Clean Production

Law of the People's Republic of China on the Promotion of Clean Production

Date: June 29, 2002
Creator: National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China
Description: This Law was enacted in order to promote cleaner production, increase the efficiency of resource utilization, reduce and avoid the generation of pollutants, protect and improve the environment, ensure public health, and promote sustainable development of the economy and society.
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Organic Act of the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan

Organic Act of the Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan

Date: May 30, 2002
Creator: China (Republic : 1949- )
Description: This law was passed by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to establish the Environmental Protection Administration.
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Polar Bears at Risk

Polar Bears at Risk

Date: May 2002
Creator: Norris, Stefan; Norris, Stefan & Eid,Pål Martin
Description: Satisfactory monitoring information has been obtained for most polar bear populations in recent years, however there is concern about hunting in areas without formal quota systems, such as Greenland. A range of toxic pollutants, including heavy metals, radioactivity, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are found throughout the Arctic. Of greatest concern are the effects of POPs on polar bears, which include a general weakening of the immune system, reduced reproductive success and physical deformities. The expansion of oil development in the Arctic poses additional threats; for example, disturbances to denning females in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska could undermine recruitment of the Beaufort Sea polar bear population.
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Highways of a Global Traveler: Tracking Tropospheric Ozone

Highways of a Global Traveler: Tracking Tropospheric Ozone

Date: March 22, 2002
Creator: Allen, Jeannie & Simmon, Robert
Description: On the stage of global change, ozone plays the role of both hero and villain. This brief document discusses about the tracking of Tropospheric Ozone, where ozone forms and where it travels have become key concerns for international health and economic policy-making.
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The New Climate Change Policy Programme

The New Climate Change Policy Programme

Date: March 19, 2002
Creator: Japan. Kankyōshō
Description: A description of the key points of Japanese New Climate Change Policy Programme which includes the fundamental principles, the main points of the programme, and the measures for reducing of greenhouse gass emissions
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries