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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
The American Way to the Kyoto Protocol: an Economic Analysis to Reduce Carbon Pollution. A Study for World Wildlife Fund

The American Way to the Kyoto Protocol: an Economic Analysis to Reduce Carbon Pollution. A Study for World Wildlife Fund

Date: July 2001
Creator: Bailie, Alison; Bernow, Stephen; Dougherty, William; Lazarus, Michael & Kartha, Sivan
Description: This report presents a study of policies and measures that could dramatically reduce US greenhouse gas emissions over the next two decades. It examines a broad set of national policies to increase energy efficiency, accelerate the adoption of renewable energy technologies, and shift energy use to less carbon-intensive fuels. The policies address major areas of energy use in residential and commercial buildings, industrial facilities, transportation, and power generation.
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.Poverty and The Drylands

.Poverty and The Drylands

Date: October 2001
Creator: Dobie, Philip
Description: This paper takes as its initial premise the assumption that there are important and significant populations in the world's drylands who, given the right conditions and incentives, can achieve good livelihoods, accumulate assets to reduce vulnerability and escape from poverty. However, to make a convincing case it is necessary to challenge current wisdom on the distribution and condition of drylands populations, and build more realistic scenarios that decision makers can take seriously. This is a major task, and this paper will only set the challenge and introduce some of the new evidence that is required.
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Coral Bleaching and Marine Protected Areas

Coral Bleaching and Marine Protected Areas

Date: September 2001
Creator: Salm, Rod & Coles, Steve L.
Description: The report convenes a small working group of influential participants with significant experience in relevant coral reef research, monitoring, and marine protected area (MPA) management. Collectively, they embody comprehensive, direct knowledge of all major reef areas worldwide.
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Who Needs what to Implement the Kyoto Protocol?: An Assessment of Capacity Building Needs in 33 Developing Countries

Who Needs what to Implement the Kyoto Protocol?: An Assessment of Capacity Building Needs in 33 Developing Countries

Date: October 2001
Creator: UNITAR with the Consortium for North-South Dialogue on Climate Change
Description: For African countries, it is imperative to increase capacity for implementing both the Climate Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, in view of the continent’s vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change, including the threat to food security and sustainable development. The country surveys, which are framed around the list of perceived capacity building needs annexed to Decision 10/CP.5, provided insight into the capacity building needs of the project-countries. Hence, the aspects examined during the assessment exercise reflect some of the concerns of African countries; and the stakeholders’ responses can be taken as indications of the capacity building needs of the African countries assessed.
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Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates

Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates

Date: May 2001
Creator: Tellus Institute Boston, MA
Description: Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates A Study for: World Wildlife Fund Tellus Institute Boston, . environmental regulations, and indefinitely postpone our obligation to protect the global climate – no matter the long-term impacts and costs. President. global warming later on. Indeed, had such demand-side efforts been underway sooner our current predicaments could have been avoided or lessened. Globally.. Today, the United States produces less than 12 percent of global oil supplies. Even with strenuous efforts by the Bush Administration.
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California Legislature, 2001-2002 Session, Senate Bill No. 527

California Legislature, 2001-2002 Session, Senate Bill No. 527

Date: September 2001
Creator: California. Legislature. Senate.
Description: Bill introduced by the California Senate to revise the functions and duties of the California Climate Action Registry and requires the Registry, in coordination with CEC to adopt third-party verification metrics, developing GHG emissions protocols and qualifying third-party organizations to provide technical assistance and certification of emissions baselines and inventories. SB 527 amended SB 1771 to emphasize third-party verification.
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Clean Energy: Jobs for America’s Future

Clean Energy: Jobs for America’s Future

Date: October 2010
Creator: Bailie, Alison; Bernow, Stephen; Dougherty, William; Lazarus, Michael; Kartha, Sivan & Goldberg, Marshall
Description: This study analyzes the employment, macroeconomic, energy and environmental impacts of implementing the Climate Protection Scenario.
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New England Governors/Eastern Canadian Premiers Climate Change Action Plan 2001

New England Governors/Eastern Canadian Premiers Climate Change Action Plan 2001

Date: August 2001
Creator: The Committee on the Environment and of the Conference of New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers
Description: Recognizing the need for the region to provide leadership on the critical issue of climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers established the regional climate change program in 2000. While the northeast represents a significant economic region with greenhouse gas emissions roughly equivalent to those of Spain, climate change is an international issue for which our states and provinces are only a relatively small part of the problem. However, through their leadership the Governors and Premiers have established our region as an internationally-recognized part of the solution.
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Protocol amending 1949 Convention of Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol to amend the 1949 Convention on the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, done at Guayaquil, June 11, 1999, and signed by the United States, subject to ratification, in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on the same date

Protocol amending 1949 Convention of Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol to amend the 1949 Convention on the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, done at Guayaquil, June 11, 1999, and signed by the United States, subject to ratification, in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on the same date

Date: 2001
Creator: United States. President (1993-2001 : Clinton) & Pickering, Thomas Reeve, 1931-
Description: This treaty allows organizations that are not governments of states to join the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Convention, and be subject to its conservation and management protocols.
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Service Contract : EC - DG Environment − CNRS-IEPE: Options for the Operationalisation of the Kyoto Mechanisms - Economic Analysis based on Partial Equilibrium Models

Service Contract : EC - DG Environment − CNRS-IEPE: Options for the Operationalisation of the Kyoto Mechanisms - Economic Analysis based on Partial Equilibrium Models

Date: October 2001
Creator: Institut d'Économie et de Politique de l'Énergie (France)
Description: This report presents two series of studies performed before COP-6 and COP-6bis, in order to provide DG Environment with economic analysis of the issues at stake in international climate negotiations. These analysis used the background information provided by the large scale world energy partial equilibrium model POLES. They were also based on an extensive use of the Marginal Abatement Cost Curves produced by the POLES model through the ASPEN-sd software, specifically designed to produce assessment.
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National Plant Genome Initiative

National Plant Genome Initiative

Date: December 2001
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Science. Interagency Working Group on Plant Genomes.
Description: This report is an update on progress of federal plant genome research. The focus in this report is on plants that are economically important to agribusiness.
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Intercontinental Transport of Air Pollution: Relationship to North American Air Quality.  A Review of Federal Resarch and Future Needs

Intercontinental Transport of Air Pollution: Relationship to North American Air Quality. A Review of Federal Resarch and Future Needs

Date: April 2001
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Air Quality Research Subcommittee.
Description: This government report describes pollutants which are carried between continents by air currents. The report also addresses current and future research to better understand how these pollutants are transported.
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Air Quality Forecasting: A Review of Federal Programs and Research Needs

Air Quality Forecasting: A Review of Federal Programs and Research Needs

Date: June 2001
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Air Quality Research Subcommittee.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the state of science of air quality forecasting. The report was composed to guide future federal research in air quality forecasting.
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Lessons from PPP2000: Living with Earth's Extremes-Report from the PPP2000 Working Group to the Office of Science and Technology Policy Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Lessons from PPP2000: Living with Earth's Extremes-Report from the PPP2000 Working Group to the Office of Science and Technology Policy Subcommittee on Natural Disaster Reduction

Date: September 2001
Creator: Cohn, Timothy A.; Gohn, Kathleen K. & Hooke, William H.
Description: This book is a series of reports summarizing discussions and recommendations from a series of forums about strategies to deal with natural disaster. The focus is on changing human behavior and development in order to coexist with natural phenomena rather than trying to control natural phenomena.
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Vision 2050: An Integrated National Transportation System

Vision 2050: An Integrated National Transportation System

Date: February 2001
Creator: United States. Federal Transportation Advisory Group.
Description: This document calls for major improvements to the United States transportation infrastructure. The vision includes improvements in energy independence, environmental compatibility, safety, cost, and performance.
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UNEP 2000 Annual Report

UNEP 2000 Annual Report

Date: 2001
Creator: United Nations Environment Programme
Description: The UNEP annual report provides an overview of UNEP's activities for the year of 2000. The report also reflects on the possible challenges that the new millennium "the Environment Millennium" may bring.
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Environmental Variability and Climate Change

Environmental Variability and Climate Change

Date: 2001
Creator: Past Global Changes (PAGES)
Description: The PAGES research community works toward improving our understanding of the Earth's changing environment. By placing current and future global changes in a long term perspective, they can be assessed relative to natural variability. Since the industrial revolution, the Earth System has become increasingly affected by human activities. Natural and human processes are woven into a complex tapestry of forcings, responses, feedbacks and consequences. Deciphering this complexity is essential as we plan for the future. Paleoenvironmental research is the only way to investigate Earth System processes that operate on timescales longer than the period of instrumental records.
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Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation

Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation

Date: June 11, 2001
Creator: Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
Description: What is the overall state of the Arctic environment? The aim of this report is to answer the many aspects of this seemingly straightforward question. Although several national and international efforts have looked at parts of the Arctic, this is the first attempt to assess the state of Arctic flora and fauna as a whole.
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IHDP Global Carbon Cycle Research: International Carbon Research Framework

IHDP Global Carbon Cycle Research: International Carbon Research Framework

Date: February 2001
Creator: Gupta, Joeeta; Lebel, Louis; Vellinga, Pier & Young, Oran
Description: The degree to which carbon flows balance each other - human activities leading to carbon emissions into the atmosphere, vegetation and oceans soaking it up - is the subject of vigorous debate. It is not yet possible to define quantitatively the global effects of human activities such as forestry and agriculture, and may never be so. However, studies to determine these effects have emerged as critical for understanding how the earth's climate will evolve in the future. Global concern about the potential implications of the behaviour of the carbon cycle under anthropogenic stress includes concepts of system instability and large scale change. To contribute to understanding this behaviour, and our potential responses to it, requires a thorough investigation of both biophysical and social systems. Until recently, most scientific assessments of such risks focused on the anatomy of conceivable environmental changes themselves, devoting little attention to either the human driving forces or the ecosystems and societies that might be endangered by the changes. Recently, however, questions about the linkage and interaction of social, ecological, and biogeochemical systems are emerging as a central focus of policy-driven assessments of global environmental risks. The approach used here is to accept humans as an integral ...
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Clouds in the Balance

Clouds in the Balance

Date: October 11, 2001
Creator: Schmidt, Laurie J.
Description: This feature article provides a summary of study about the role of clouds in the balance. Until recently, scientists were uncertain whether clouds had an overall net cooling or heating effect on the Earth's climate. But recent studies show that, in the tropics, a "near cancellation" between shortwave cooling and longwave warming exists, which indicates that the amount of incoming radiant energy is roughly equal to the amount of outgoing radiation. However, small changes in tropical cloudiness can disrupt this precarious balance.
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New Source of Natural Fertilizer Discovered in Oceans

New Source of Natural Fertilizer Discovered in Oceans

Date: August 8, 2001
Creator: National Science Foundation Office of Legislative and Public Affairs
Description: New findings suggest that the deep ocean is teeming with organisms that produce essential natural fertilizers. A National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded research team led by Jonathan Zehr, a marine scientist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, has discovered a previously unknown type of photosynthetic bacteria that fixes nitrogen, converting nitrogen from the atmosphere into a form other organisms can use.
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The National Tenth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection(Abstract)

The National Tenth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection(Abstract)

Date: December 26, 2001
Creator: State Environmental Protection Administration
Description: The State Council approved the National Tenth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection on 26 December 2001, requesting that loca1 governments and the various departments strengthen environmental protection in close relation with the economic restructuring; raise funds for environmental protection through multiple channels in connection with the expansion of domestic demand, and establish the mechanism of environmental protection with the government playing the dominant role with market promotion and public participation. The State Council emphasizes that local governments should undertake the major responsibilities of environmental protection. The governments at various levels should integrate the tasks of the Plan into the target responsibility system for provincial governors, mayors, and county heads. Periodic examination should be carried out on the targets of total pollutant discharge control and environmental quality. The implementation of the Plan should be inspected and reported on every year. The State Council requests that the relevant departments should provide guidance and support in implementing the Plan according to their respective responsibilities. The State Environmental Protection Administration should conduct coordinated supervision, management, and inspection of the implementation of the Plan.
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Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 U.S. Global Change Research Program

Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 U.S. Global Change Research Program

Date: September 2001
Creator: Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of the National Science and Technology Council
Description: This document, which is produced annually, describes the activities and plans of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which was established in 1989 and authorized by Congress in the Global Change Research Act of 1990. Strong bipartisan support for this inter-agency program has resulted in more than a decade's worth of scientific accomplishment. "Because there is considerable uncertainty in current understanding of how the climate system varies naturally and reacts to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols, current estimates of the magnitude of future warming should be regarded as tentative and subject to future adjustments (either upward or downward). Reducing the wide range of uncertainty inherent in current model predictions of global climate change will require major advances in understanding and modeling of both (1) the factors that determine atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols, and (2) the so-called 'feedbacks' that determine the sensitivity of the climate system to a prescribed increase in greenhouse gases. There is also a pressing need for a global system designed for monitoring climate. Climate projections will always be far from perfect. Confidence limits and probabilistic information, with their basis, should always be considered as an integral part of the information that climate ...
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Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Kennedy, Barbara
Description: Scientific news article about Snowball Earth eras. These are times when ice periodically covered the globe, and the era called the Cambrian Explosion, which produced the first fossils of almost all major categories of animals living today.
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