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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) and the Federal Budget

Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) and the Federal Budget

Date: July 18, 2014
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report briefly examines budgetary considerations regarding the Export-Import Bank, which finances and ensures U.S. exports of goods and services on a demand driven basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Date: June 30, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report provides: (1) a general background of Ex-Im Bank; (2) a discussion of the international context of the Bank; (3) analysis of key issues that Congress may consider in a reauthorization debate; and (4) the congressional outlook on Ex-Im Bank.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Date: June 3, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report provides: (1) a general background of Ex-Im Bank; (2) a discussion of the international context of the Bank; (3) analysis of key issues that Congress may consider in a reauthorization debate; and (4) the congressional outlook on Ex-Im Bank.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Export-Import Bank: Overview and Reauthorization Issues

Date: March 25, 2015
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report provides: a general background of Export-Import (Ex-Im) Bank; a discussion of the international context of the Bank; analysis of key issues that Congress may consider in a reauthorization debate; and the congressional outlook on Ex-Im Bank.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Reauthorization

Export-Import Bank: Reauthorization

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate regarding the Export-Import Bank of the United States, a federal government corporation which is the the official export credit agency (ECA) of the U.S. Government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Date: August 18, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate regarding the Export-Import Bank of the United States, a federal government corporation which is the the official export credit agency (ECA) of the U.S. Government. The bank's statutory charter expires on September 30, 2014, meaning that its authority to obligations generally would cease and a wind-down of operations would be required. The report gives four possible scenarios for approaches Congress could take in regards to approaching the bank's future authorization status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Carpenter, David H.; Levit, Mindy R. & Taylor, Julia
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about Ex-Im Bank, grouped in the following categories: congressional interest and the Ex-Im Bank reauthorization debate; market context; international context; organizational structure and management; programs; statutory requirements and policies; risk management; budget and appropriations; implications of a sunset in authority; and historical and current approaches to reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: November 26, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Carpenter, David H.; Levit, Mindy R. & Taylor, Julia
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about Ex-Im Bank, grouped in the following categories: congressional interest and the Ex-Im Bank reauthorization debate; market context; international context; organizational structure and management; programs; statutory requirements and policies; risk management; budget and appropriations; implications of a sunset in authority; and historical and current approaches to reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Levit, Mindy R. & Taylor, Julia
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about Ex-Im Bank, grouped in the following categories: congressional interest and the Ex-Im Bank reauthorization debate; market context; international context; organizational structure and management; programs; statutory requirements and policies; risk management; budget and appropriations; implications of a sunset in authority; and historical and current approaches to reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exporting Software and the Extraterritorial Reach of U.S. Patent Law: Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp.

Exporting Software and the Extraterritorial Reach of U.S. Patent Law: Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp.

Date: May 31, 2007
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: Generally speaking, United States patent law does not have extraterritorial effect. The exception, however, is § 271(f) of the Patent Act, which makes it an act of patent infringement to manufacture within the United States the components of a patented invention and then export those disassembled parts for combination abroad into an end product. This report discusses Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp. (550 U.S. ___ , No. 05-1056, decided April 30, 2007), in which the U.S. Supreme Court held that software companies are not liable for patent infringement under § 271(f) when they export software that has been embodied in machine-readable, physical form (a CD-ROM, for example), with the intent that such software be copied abroad for installation onto foreign-manufactured computers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report discusses the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which is the nation's major program providing comprehensive vocational rehabilitation (VR) services to help persons with physical and mental disabilities become employable and achieve full integration into society.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: January 25, 2005
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the processes of expulsion and censure in the House of Representatives. The House is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 5, clause 2) to discipline or "punish" its own Members. It is designed as a measure to protect the institutional integrity of the House of Representatives, its proceedings and its reputation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the processes of expulsion and censure in the House of Representatives. The House is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 5, clause 2) to discipline or "punish" its own Members. It is designed as a measure to protect the institutional integrity of the House of Representatives, its proceedings and its reputation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Date: July 30, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses NASA's exemptions from the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) as it relates to the International Space Station (ISS). It provides background information on the ISS and nonproliferation as well as INA origins and relation to the ISS. It also discusses amendments to the INA, current plans for the ISS, and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA), which was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. Among these extensions is the Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) program created by P.L. 110-252.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: October 11, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): Emerging Public Health Threats and Quarantine and Isolation

Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): Emerging Public Health Threats and Quarantine and Isolation

Date: November 26, 2010
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report the international saga of Andrew Speaker, a traveler thought to have XDR-TB, a drug-resistant form of tuberculosis, placed a spotlight on existing mechanisms to contain contagious disease threats and raised numerous legal and public health issues. It also discusses the application of various public health measures available to contain an emerging public health threat posed by an individual who ignores medical advice and attempts to board an airplane or take other forms of public transportation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Doyle, Charles
Description: "Extradition" is the formal surrender of a person by a State to another State for prosecution or punishment. Extradition to or from the United States is a creature of treaty. The United States has extradition treaties with over a hundred of the nations of the world. International terrorism and drug trafficking have made extradition an increasingly important law enforcement tool. This is a brief overview of federal law in the area and of the adjustments in recent treaties to make them more responsive to American law enforcement interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: “Extradition” is the formal surrender of a person by a State to another State for prosecution or punishment. Extradition to or from the United States is a creature of treaty. The United States has extradition treaties with over a hundred of the nations of the world. International terrorism and drug trafficking have made extradition an increasingly important law enforcement tool. This report is a brief overview of federal law in the area and of the adjustments in recent treaties to make them more responsive to American law enforcement interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried, and punished according to the laws of the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under certain limited circumstances. A surprising number of federal criminal statutes have extraterritorial application, but prosecutions have been few. This may be because when extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction does exist, practical and legal complications, and sometimes diplomatic considerations, may counsel against its exercise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried, and punished according to the laws of the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under certain limited circumstances. A surprising number of federal criminal statutes have extraterritorial application, but prosecutions have been few. This may be because when extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction does exist, practical and legal complications, and sometimes diplomatic considerations, may counsel against its exercise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department