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 Country: Turkey
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: June 13, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the situation immediately following the completion of the U.S. withdrawal from Iraq on December 18, 2011, when relations among major political factions worsened substantially, threatening Iraq's stability and the legacy of the U.S. intervention in Iraq. It includes an overview of historical and current political, military, and governance issues as well as an analysis of Iraq in relation to the other nations in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides background information on the blockade imposed of by Israeli in response to Hamas's takeover. Israel considered its actions to be legitimate self-defense. Turkey, whose nationals comprised the largest contingent in the flotilla and among the casualties, considered them to be unjustifiable and in contravention of international law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo: Greek and Turkish Perspectives

Kosovo: Greek and Turkish Perspectives

Date: May 27, 1999
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: September 1, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of the Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq, which has been fairly peaceful since the fall of Saddam Hussein; however, the region is also home to friction with Christian and other minorities, with various Arab leaders of Iraq, and with neighboring Turkey and Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of the Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq, which has been fairly peaceful since the fall of Saddam Hussein; however, the region is also home to friction with Christian and other minorities, with Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and other Arab leaders of Iraq, and with neighboring Turkey and Iran. The report also addresses other general political issues and tensions in the Kurdish region, and how said tensions might affect and be affected by the projected U.S. drawdown of U.S. forces in Iraq between now and August 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq is relatively peaceful and prospering economically, but the Iraqi Kurds' political autonomy and political strength in post- Saddam Iraq is causing friction with Arab leaders in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. However, an overall reduction in violence in Iraq, coupled with continued U.S. political influence over the Kurds, is likely to prevent a destabilizing escalation of the Iraqi Kurd-Arab disputes. Also see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by Kenneth Katzman.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq is relatively peaceful and prospering economically, but the Iraqi Kurds' political autonomy and political strength in post- Saddam Iraq is causing friction with Arab leaders in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. However, an overall reduction in violence in Iraq, coupled with continued U.S. political influence over the Kurds, is likely to prevent a destabilizing escalation of the Iraqi Kurd-Arab disputes. Also see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by Kenneth Katzman.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq is relatively peaceful and prospering economically, but the Iraqi Kurds' political autonomy and political strength in post- Saddam Iraq is causing friction with Arab leaders in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. However, an overall reduction in violence in Iraq, coupled with continued U.S. political influence over the Kurds, is likely to prevent a destabilizing escalation of the Iraqi Kurd-Arab disputes. Also see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by Kenneth Katzman.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E
Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Date: July 27, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides a background of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) financial crisis and the issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: December 20, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on U.S.-Turkey relations and discusses key foreign policy issues regarding the Kurdish issue, Israel, Syria, Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey—a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally—have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed. Turkey's economic dynamism and geopolitical importance—it straddles Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia and now has the world's 16th-largest economy—have increased its influence regionally and globally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey-a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally-have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Report that provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: October 5, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy questions and considerations for Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Politics of Identity and Power

Turkey: Politics of Identity and Power

Date: August 13, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides an overview of economic situation, demographics, historical context and political situation in Turkey. The report discusses the role of the military in Turkey, the Kurdish issue, press freedom, and future political possibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Politics of Identity and Power

Turkey: Politics of Identity and Power

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Turkey has become increasingly assertive on the international stage. Members of Congress and other U.S. officials require an understanding of the current domestic political situation that, combined with a exceptionally robust economy, has enabled the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) to act so confidently in order to develop appropriate policies. As a contribution toward that goal, this report provides an overview of the Turkish domestic political scene. It does not address specific foreign policy issues, which will be the subject of a separate report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department