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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance, and then addresses eligibility issues and program operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges

Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges

Date: November 1, 2012
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: Report that looks at the eligibility of major highways and bridges recently damaged by Hurricanes Sandy and Irene to receive Emergency Relief Program assistance from the Federal Highway Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Response: Civil Liability of Volunteer Health Professionals

Emergency Response: Civil Liability of Volunteer Health Professionals

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Chu, Vivian S.
Description: This report discusses the patchwork of federal and state laws that operate to protect volunteers, which can include volunteer health professionals (VHPs), and those laws that trigger liability protection only for VHPs — with a focus on some of the midwestern states in addition to the Gulf region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Date: July 24, 2007
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report discusses the designation of spending as emergency, which has had significance in both procedural and budgetary terms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. The report discusses the most recent and costly disasters occurred in the summer of 2005 when Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma made landfall in Gulf Coast states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since 1989 after significant catastrophes. It includes funds appropriated to the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as well as funds appropriated to other departments and agencies. This report uses a broad concept of what constitutes emergency disaster assistance. The funds cited in this report include appropriations for disaster relief, repair of federal facilities, and hazard mitigation activities directed at reducing the impact of future disasters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. The report discusses the most recent and costly disasters occurred in the summer of 2005 when Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma made landfall in Gulf Coast states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Current Status of Benefits

Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Current Status of Benefits

Date: November 18, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report summarizes the structure of Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) benefits currently available through December 28, 2013 (December 29, 2013, for New York). It also provides the legislative history of the EUC08 program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Status of Benefits Prior to Expiration

Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Status of Benefits Prior to Expiration

Date: August 11, 2014
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P. & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report summarizes the structure of Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) benefits available prior to program expiration at the end of calendar year 2013 and provides the legislative history of the EUC08 program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Emergency Water Assistance During Drought: Federal Non-Agricultural Programs

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Cowan, Tadlock & Barrett, Joanna
Description: This report discusses droughts in relation to several issues for Congress, including how to measure and predict drought, how to prepare, and how to coordinate federal agency actions responding to drought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emerging Markets: Is Slower Growth Temporary?

Emerging Markets: Is Slower Growth Temporary?

Date: September 29, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the growing vulnerabilities Emerging market (EM) countries are facing due to declining global trade, depreciating currencies, sharply lower commodity prices, volatile equity markets, and deeper economic reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emission Allowance Allocation in a Cap-and-Trade Program: Options and Considerations

Emission Allowance Allocation in a Cap-and-Trade Program: Options and Considerations

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: The first two sections of this report discuss the primary emission allowance distribution methods: auctions and no-cost distribution to covered sources. These sections examine the potential benefits and concerns of these allocation mechanisms. The final section identifies different options and policy considerations for Congress when determining to whom and for what purpose to distribute the value of the emission allowances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emission Allowance Allocation in a Cap-and-Trade Program: Options and Considerations

Emission Allowance Allocation in a Cap-and-Trade Program: Options and Considerations

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: The first two sections of this report discuss the primary emission allowance distribution methods: auctions and no-cost distribution to covered sources. These sections examine the potential benefits and concerns of these allocation mechanisms. The final section identifies different options and policy considerations for Congress when determining to whom and for what purpose to distribute the value of the emission allowances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emoluments Clause: History, Law, and Precedents

The Emoluments Clause: History, Law, and Precedents

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: This report provides an historical review of the Emoluments Clause, focusing on the debates at the time the clause was drafted, as well as the precedents adopted by Congress and the executive branch with respect to nominations where the issue has arisen.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Employee Free Choice Act

The Employee Free Choice Act

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report discusses legislative attempts to amend the National Labor Relations Act ("NLRA") to allow for union certification without an election, based on signed employee authorizations. The Employee Free Choice Act ("EFCA") has been introduced in the past three Congresses to allow union certification based on signed authorizations, provide a process for the bargaining of an initial agreement, and prescribe new penalties for certain unfair labor practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Collins, Benjamin; Dilger, Robert Jay; Dortch, Cassandria; Kapp, Lawrence; Lowry, Sean & Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses veterans' employment trends and programs. The first section presents data on veterans' employment outcomes, identifying recent trends, and discussing issues to consider when interpreting veterans' employment data. The following sections present brief discussions of existing programs that provide employment-related services to veterans. These services are divided into (1) general programs that are broadly available to veterans, (2) programs that target veterans with service-connected disabilities, and (3) competitive grant programs that provide additional employment-related services to veterans but may be limited in scope or availability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Collins, Benjamin; Bradley, David H.; Dilger, Robert Jay; Dortch, Cassandria; Kapp, Lawrence; Lowry, Sean et al.
Description: Veterans' employment outcomes in the civilian labor market are an issue of ongoing congressional interest. This report offers introductory data on veterans' performance in the civilian labor market as well as a discussion of veteran-targeted federal programs that provide employment-related benefits and services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Employment for Veterans: Trends and Programs

Date: October 23, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin; Bradley, David H.; Dortch, Cassandria; Kapp, Lawrence & Scott, Christine
Description: This report discusses veterans' employment trends and programs. The first section presents data on veterans' employment outcomes, identifying recent trends, and discussing issues to consider when interpreting veterans' employment data. The following sections present brief discussions of existing programs that provide employment-related services to veterans. These services are divided into (1) general programs that are broadly available to veterans, (2) programs that target veterans with service-connected disabilities, and (3) competitive grant programs that provide additional employment-related services to veterans but may be limited in scope or availability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employment Growth and Progress Toward Full Employment

Employment Growth and Progress Toward Full Employment

Date: November 28, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides figures on job growth since October 2010 to the second half of 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2015
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches and explains how those breaches are carried out. It provides information about the effect of the transition in selected foreign countries. The report also discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV ( Europay, MasterCard Visa) transition in the United States and identifies areas of potential congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches and the impact of EMV (Europay, MasterCard, and Visa) chip cards on fraud. It provides information about the effect of the transition in selected foreign countries and discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV transition in the United States. It also identifies areas of potential congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

Date: November 27, 2015
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches and explains how those breaches are carried out, and discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV transition in the United States and identifies areas of potential congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Enactment of Appropriations Measures During Lame Duck Sessions

The Enactment of Appropriations Measures During Lame Duck Sessions

Date: December 2, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the enactment of regular and continuing appropriations measures in connection with lame duck sessions occurring between 1994 and 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption and Evolving Technology: Implications for U.S. Law Enforcement Investigations

Encryption and Evolving Technology: Implications for U.S. Law Enforcement Investigations

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report provides an overview of the perennial issue involving technology outpacing law enforcement and discusses how policy makers and law enforcement officials have dealt with this issue in the past. It discusses the current debate surrounding smartphone data encryption and how this may impact U.S. law enforcement operations. The report also discusses existing law enforcement capabilities, the debate over whether law enforcement is "going dark" because of rapid technological advances, and resulting issues that policy makers may consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department