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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Date: January 24, 1985
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: This minibrief describes the major hypothesis explaining why acid rain may be contributing to forest decline, along with the major arguments against this hypothesis. For additional information on acid rain and current legislation for pollutant emissions controls, see IB83016 -- Acid Rain: Current Issues, and IB83005 -- Clean Air Act: An Overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Date: May 12, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: After global warming became a concern in the mid-1950s, researchers proposed measuring deep ocean temperatures to reveal any significant trends in core ocean warming. Acoustic thermometry can detect changes in ocean temperature by receiving low-frequency sounds transmitted across an ocean basin because the speed of sound is proportional to water temperature. Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, or ATOC, is an international program involving 11 institutions in seven nations. It is designed as a 30-month "proof-of-concept" project to provide data on possible global climate change, with funding provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. A debate has arisen over ATOC's impact on marine mammals versus the benefits of better global warming information derived from ATOC. This report dicusses the ATOC program and related concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Military Manpower Policy

Date: February 12, 1988
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Description: This issue brief will discuss issues dealing with military manpower policy and the AIDS virus, including the level of the AIDS infection or HIV infection rates in the military; efforts to control the spread of AIDS to and among military personnel; and AIDS in the context of military personnel stationed overseas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquisition Reform in House- and Senate- Passed Versions of the FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1735)

Acquisition Reform in House- and Senate- Passed Versions of the FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1735)

Date: July 2, 2015
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report discusses the similarities and differences between House and Senate versions of the FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1735).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices

Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices

Date: September 20, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the main components of across-the-board rescissions and recent practices between FY2008 through FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Across-the-Board Spending Cuts in Omnibus Appropriations Acts

Across-the-Board Spending Cuts in Omnibus Appropriations Acts

Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report examines the use of across-the-board spending cuts in omnibus appropriations acts for FY2000-FY2004, assessing the budgetary context leading to the spending cut, recounting the legislative action on the spending cut provision, and reviewing the provision’s design and implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues

Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues

Date: September 24, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report examines economic issues relating to across-the-board tax cuts, focusing primarily on distributional issues. The report is divided into four sections. The first section provides a general overview of the tax system. The next discusses recent proposals relating to across-the-board tax cuts. The third section discusses methods of evaluating alternative types of across-the-board tax cuts. The final section briefly discusses issues of efficiency, simplicity, and stabilization policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues

Across-the-Board Tax Cuts: Economic Issues

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report examines economic issues relating to across-the-board tax cuts, focusing primarily on distributional issues. The report is divided into four sections. The first section provides a general overview of the tax system. The next discusses recent proposals relating to across-the-board tax cuts. The third section discusses methods of evaluating alternative types of across-the-board tax cuts. The final section briefly discusses issues of efficiency, simplicity, and stabilization policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Actions of the Congress and the Federal Government on Smoking and Health

Actions of the Congress and the Federal Government on Smoking and Health

Date: September 26, 1979
Creator: Klebe, Edward R.
Description: This paper is a history of actions taken by the U.S. Congress and by the various departments and regulatory agencies of the Federal Government on the subject of smoking and health for the period from the mid-1950s to the end of the 95th Congress in 1978.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Buck, Eugene H. & Calvert, Kori
Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report summarizes legal and political events related to active sonar and marine mammals since 1994. This report summarizes some of the more significant recent events pertaining to active military sonar, in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department