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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
United States v. Santos: "Proceeds" in Federal Criminal Money Laundering Statute, 18 U.S.C. Section 1956, Means "Profits," Not "Gross Receipts"

United States v. Santos: "Proceeds" in Federal Criminal Money Laundering Statute, 18 U.S.C. Section 1956, Means "Profits," Not "Gross Receipts"

Date: June 13, 2008
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: On June 2, 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court, in United States v. Santos (No. 96-1005), vacated convictions of the operator of an illegal lottery and one of his runners who had been charged with conducting financial transactions involving the "proceeds" of an illegal lottery and one of his runners who had been charged with conducting financial transactions involving the "proceeds" of an illegal gaming business. The ruling is that "proceeds," as used in this money laundering statute, means "profits" rather than "gross receipts" of the underlying unlawful activity. This report analyzes this decision, the factors contributing to the decision, the principles upon which the decision was based, and the possible future effects of the ruling.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States' Withdrawal from the World Trade Organization: Legislative Procedure

United States' Withdrawal from the World Trade Organization: Legislative Procedure

Date: June 16, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Universal Service Fund: Background and Options for Reform

Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the idea that all Americans should be able to afford access to the telecommunications network; this is commonly called the “universal service concept” and can trace its origins back to the 1934 Communications Act. The current policy debate has focused on five concerns: the scope of the program; who should contribute and what methodology should be used to fund the program; eligibility criteria for benefits; concerns over possible program fraud, waste, and abuse; and the impact of the Antideficiency Act (ADA) on the USF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Universal Social Security Coverage: Extending Mandatory Coverage

Universal Social Security Coverage: Extending Mandatory Coverage

Date: January 19, 1983
Creator: Snook, Dennis W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver's Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues

Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver's Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an overview of key legal issues raised by state laws regarding the denial or issuance of driver's licenses and other forms of ID to unlawfully present aliens, as well as by state and local approaches to recognizing foreign-issued ID documents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Geer, Harlan & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2003
Creator: Bone, Elizabeth & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces:  Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Unmanned vehicles (UVs) are viewed as a key element of the effort to transform U.S. military forces. The Department of the Navy may eventually acquire every major kind of UV. Navy and Marine Corps UV programs raise several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. Naval Forces: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Unmanned vehicles (UVs) are viewed as a key element of the effort to transform U.S. military forces. The Department of the Navy may eventually acquire every major kind of UV. Navy and Marine Corps UV programs raise several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department