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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State and Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress
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State and Local Economic Sanctions: Constitutional Issues
This report discusses the Constitutionality and ongoing legal concerns of sanctions enacted by states and localities restricting their agencies from conducting economic transactions with firms that do business with or in foreign countries whose conduct the jurisdictions find objectionable. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98090/
State and Local Economic Sanctions: Constitutional Issues
This report considers the Constitutionality of states and localities enacting their own sanctions on foreign countries, particularly Iran and Sudan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96771/
State and Local Economic Sanctions: Constitutional Issues
This report discusses the Constitutionality and ongoing legal concerns of sanctions enacted by states and localities restricting their agencies from conducting economic transactions with firms that do business with or in foreign countries whose conduct the jurisdictions find objectionable. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463033/
State and Local Government Debt: An Analysis
This report examines state and local government debt. It provides an overview of state and local government finances and how these governments incorporate borrowing into their budget, reports data on state and local government debt and how that debt has changed over time, and discusses different economic perspectives on the use of debt by governments and if governments are intrinsically biased toward borrowing more than is considered economically optimal. Issues related to state and local government finances, such as government pensions and health benefits, are also addressed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99042/
State and Local Government Debt: An Analysis
This report first provides a broad overview of state and local government finances and how these governments incorporate borrowing into their budgets. The second section reports data on state and local government debt and how that debt has changed over time. This section includes a comparative analysis of these debt parameters for each state. The third section discusses different economic perspectives on the use of debt by governments and if governments are intrinsically biased toward borrowing more than is considered economically optimal. The discussion provides background for Congress as it deliberates potential changes in the oversight of the primary and secondary markets for state and local government debt. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40128/
State and Local Government Series (SLGS) Treasury Debt: A Description
The U.S. Treasury projected the federal debt will reach its statutory limit on May 16, 2011. On May 2, 2011, in anticipation of reaching the statutory debt limit, U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner sent a letter to Congress indicating that he would declare a debt issuance suspension period on May 16 to extend Treasury's borrowing capacity until early August 2011. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40155/
State and Local Government Series (SLGS) Treasury Debt: A Description
This report explains State and Local Government Series (SLGS), a nonmarketable custom tailored security, and how suspension may impact state and local government issuers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40154/
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress
Arguably, the three most important homeland security public laws enacted following the terrorist attacks on September 2001 are the USA PATRIOT Act, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. This report describes each of these pieces of legislation and their respective domestic security enhancements. Many important state and local homeland security policy issues remain, separate from these three laws, which the 109th Congress might address. This report also describes these such issues, which include unmet emergency responder needs, absence of emergency responder equipment standards, and the development of state and local homeland security strategies, among others. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10370/
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress
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State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress
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State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
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State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
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State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
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State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Selected Policy Issues
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State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments
This report discusses the constitutional issues raised by state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens by limiting their access to housing, employment, and public benefits, as well as the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have for the implementation and enforcement of these laws. It also discusses recent federal court cases addressing the constitutionality of such measures. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc490883/
State and Local Restrictions on Employing Unauthorized Aliens
This report discusses state and local restrictions upon employing unauthorized aliens in light of the May 26, 2011, decision by the Supreme Court in Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America v. Whiting. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462184/
State and Local Sales and Use Taxes and Internet Commerce
In theory, state sales and use taxes are based on the destination principle, which prescribes that taxes should be paid where the consumption takes place. States are concerned because they anticipate gradually losing more tax revenue as the growth of Internet commerce allows more residents to buy products from vendors located out-of-state and evade use taxes. The size of the revenue loss from Internet commerce and subsequent tax evasion is uncertain. Congress is involved in this issue because commerce conducted by parties in different states over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The degree of congressional involvement is an open question. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10474/
State and Local Sales and Use Taxes and Internet Commerce
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State and Local Sales and Use Taxes and Internet Commerce
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State and Local Sales Tax Deductibility: Legislation in the 108th Congress
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State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement
This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. It includes legal background and select limitations on immigration enforcement including traditional "sanctuary" policies, declining to honor immigration detainers, shielding juveniles from federal detection, and modifying criminal sentences to avoid immigration consequences. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306522/
State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises: Issues for the 109th Congress
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State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions
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State CO2 Emission Rate Goals in EPA's Proposed Rule for Existing Power Plants
This report discusses the methodology EPA used to establish state-specific CO2 emission rate goals that apply to states' overall electricity generation portfolio. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462645/
State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis
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State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis
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State Department and Related Agencies FY1998 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies FY2001 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2002 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2002 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies FY2002 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2003 Appropriations
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2003 Appropriations and FY2004 Request
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations and FY2007 Request
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State Department and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations and FY2007 Request
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State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070
On April 23, 2010, Arizona enacted S.B. 1070, which is designed to discourage and deter the entry or presence of aliens who lack lawful status under federal immigration law. This report discusses this piece of legislation and some of the notable preemption issues raised by its provisions. Where relevant, it examines the district court's ruling that the federal government is likely to succeed on the merits of its arguments that certain sections of S.B. 1070 are preempted by federal law. It also discusses other preemption issues potentially raised by S.B. 1070 or similar legislation, including some issues that were not expressly addressed by the district court in its preliminary ruling. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29589/
State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070
This report discusses S.B. 1070 and some of the notable preemption issues raised by some of its provisions. Where relevant, it examines the district court's ruling that the federal government is likely to succeed on the merits of its arguments that certain sections of S.B. 1070 are preempted by federal law. It also discusses other preemption issues potentially raised by S.B. 1070 or similar legislation, including some issues that were not expressly addressed by the district court in its preliminary ruling. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83946/
State Election Laws: Overview of Statutes Regarding Emergency Election Postponement Within the State
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State Estate and Gift Tax Revenue
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State Estate and Gift Tax Revenue
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State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations
This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it will track major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and will highlight congressional action throughout the appropriations process including the congressional report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462532/
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations
This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it tracks major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and highlights congressional action throughout the appropriations process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463319/
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations
The annual State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies appropriations bill is the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in general. On May 7, 2009, President Obama submitted a budget proposal for FY2010 that requests $53.9 billion for the international affairs budget. This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010. To date, this includes the introduction and committee approval of H.R. 3081, the House State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26181/
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations
This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33017/