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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Borgatti, Rachel & Buck, Eugene H
Description: Genetic engineering techniques allow the manipulation of inherited traits to modify organisms. Genetically modified (GM) fish and seafood products are currently under development and may offer potential benefits such as increasing aquaculture productivity and addressing human health concerns. However, some critics of this rapidly evolving field are concerned that current technological and regulatory safeguards are inadequate to protect the environment and ensure public acceptance of these products. This report discusses various regulatory and environmental concerns regarding GM fish and seafood, then discusses the possible benefits and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood: Environmental Concerns

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood: Environmental Concerns

Date: January 29, 2013
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Salmon

Genetically Engineered Salmon

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: Upton, Harold F. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the genetically modified salmon. The term “genetic modification” refers to changes in an organism’s genetic makeup that do not occur in nature. Also, if approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Atlantic salmon would be the first genetically engineered (GE) animal to be marketed in the United States for human consumption.
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Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses issues regarding genetically engineered soybeans in South America. U.S. soybean growers and trade officials charge that Argentina and Brazil–the United States’ two major export competitors in international soybean markets–gain an unfair trade advantage by routinely saving genetically-engineered (GE), Roundup Ready (RR) soybean seeds from the previous harvest (a practice prohibited in the United States) for planting in subsequent years.
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Genocide Convention

Genocide Convention

Date: July 25, 1985
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide has been a matter of pending business before the Senate since its transmittal to that body in 1949. On May 21, 1985, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee recommended that the Senate give its advice and consent to ratification of the Convention subject to eight conditions: two reservations, five understandings, and one declaration. This report examines the differing opinions on whether and under what conditions the Senate should approve ratification of the Genocide Convention.
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Genocide: Legal Precedent Surrounding the Definition of the Crime

Genocide: Legal Precedent Surrounding the Definition of the Crime

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genomic Data and Privacy: Background and Relevant Law

Genomic Data and Privacy: Background and Relevant Law

Date: May 11, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Date: November 26, 2013
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi & Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report is intended as a primer on the policy issues, science, and governance of geoengineering technologies. The report will first set the policy parameters under which geoengineering technologies may be considered. It will then describe selected technologies in detail and discuss their status. The third section provides a discussion of possible approaches to governmental involvement in, and oversight of, geoengineering, including a summary of domestic and international instruments and institutions that may affect geoengineering projects.
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Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Date: August 16, 2010
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Lattanzio, Richard K. & Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is intended as a primer on the policy issues, science, and governance of geoengineering technologies. The report will first set the policy parameters under which geoengineering technologies may be considered. It will then describe selected technologies in detail and discuss their status. The third section provides a discussion of possible approaches to governmental involvement in, and oversight of, geoengineering, including a summary of domestic and international instruments and institutions that may affect geoengineering projects.
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Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Lattanzio, Richard K. & Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report is intended as a primer on the policy issues, science, and governance of geoengineering technologies. The report will first set the policy parameters under which geoengineering technologies may be considered. It will then describe selected technologies in detail and discuss their status. The third section provides a discussion of possible approaches to governmental involvement in, and oversight of, geoengineering, including a summary of domestic and international instruments and institutions that may affect geoengineering projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy

Date: January 2, 2013
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: This report discusses the issue of expanding intellectual property protections for geographical indications for wines, spirits, and agricultural products is being debated in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications in U.S.-EU Trade Negotiations

Geographical Indications in U.S.-EU Trade Negotiations

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Georgia Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized

Georgia Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized

Date: April 2, 2004
Creator: Bea, Keith; Runyon, L. Cheryl & Warnock, Kae M
Description: This report is one of a series that profiles the emergency management and homeland security statutory authorities of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and three territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). Each profile identifies the more significant elements of state statutes, generally as codified. This report focuses on the state of Georgia.
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Georgia [Republic] and NATO Enlargement: Issues and Implications

Georgia [Republic] and NATO Enlargement: Issues and Implications

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines the aspirations of Georgia [Republic] to become a member of NATO. It discusses issues related to Georgia's reform progress, Georgia-Russia relations, and U.S. policy.
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Georgia [Republic] and NATO Enlargement: Issues and Implications

Georgia [Republic] and NATO Enlargement: Issues and Implications

Date: March 7, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines Georgia's efforts to democratize and bolster its free market economy, while surmounting separatism, Russian economic sanctions, and other problems. U.S. policy and assistance are discussed. Basic facts and biographical information are provided. Related products include CRS Report RL33453, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests, by Jim Nichol.
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Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Report that examines Georgia's efforts to democratize and bolster its free market economy, U.S. policy and assistance, basic facts, and biographical information.
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Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines Georgia's efforts to democratize and bolster its free market economy, while surmounting separatism, Russian economic sanctions, and other problems. U.S. policy and assistance are discussed. Basic facts and biographical information are provided. Related products include CRS Report RL33453, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests, by Jim Nichol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 18, 2011
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: The small Black Sea-bordering country of Georgia gained its independence at the end of 1991with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union. In early 2009, the United States and Georgia signed a Strategic Partnership Charter, which pledged U.S. support for democratization, economic development, and security reforms in Georgia. The Obama Administration has pledged continued U.S. support to uphold Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity. The United States has been Georgia's largest bilateral aid donor, budgeting cumulative aid of $2.7 billion in FY1992-FY2008 (all agencies and programs). Estimated aid to Georgia in FY2010 was about $171.6 million, and planned spending for FY2011 is about $90 million. The Administration has requested $87.6 million for foreign assistance for Georgia for FY2012.
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Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: July 13, 2012
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Georgia [Republic]: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: April 5, 2007
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department