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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate
This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122236/
An Overview of the Presidential Pardoning Power
This report provides an overview of the scope of the President's pardoning power, the legal effects of a pardon, and the procedures that have traditionally been adhered to in the consideration of requests for pardons. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462432/
An Overview of the Tax Provisions in the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012
This report provides an overview of the tax provisions (Titles I-IV and Title X of P.L. 112-240) included in the "fiscal cliff deal," including the permanent extension and modification of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, often referred to collectively as the "Bush-era tax cuts"; the temporary extension of certain tax provisions originally included as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA; P.L. 111-5), often referred to as the "2009 tax cuts"; the permanent extension of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) patch; the temporary extension of a variety of other temporary expiring provisions for individuals, businesses, and energy often referred to as "tax extenders" and the expansion of in-plan conversions of traditional employer-sponsored retirement accounts (like 401(k) plans) to employer-sponsored Roth accounts (like Roth 401(k) plans). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462208/
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism
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An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness
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An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and EPA actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462162/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491316/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501821/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc505471/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc505537/
An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs
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Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's 2015 Revision
This report discusses the standard-setting process, the specifics of the current and most recent reviews, and issues that may be raised as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brings the current review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone to completion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462623/
Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's 2015 Revision
This report discusses the standard-setting process, the specifics of the current and most recent reviews, and issues that may be raised as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brings the current review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone to completion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501869/
Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's Proposed January 2010 Revisions
This report discusses the standard-setting process for ambient air, the specifics of the new standard, and issues raised by the Administrator's choice; and it describes the steps that will follow EPA's promulgation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503479/
P.L. 97-320, Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982: A Brief Explanation
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P.L. 111-292, the Telework Enhancement Act of 2010: Summary of Provisions and Possible Issues for Oversight
As executive agencies implement the law on telework, Congress may wish to examine several issues, including the policies and guidance that the Office of Management and Budget and OPM, respectively, will be prescribing on the security of information and systems during telework, and the operation of executive agency telework programs. This report summarizes the provisions of P.L. 111-292 and identifies several possible issues for congressional oversight of telework. It will be updated as the law is implemented. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40160/
The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America
The Pacific Alliance is a regional integration initiative formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru on April 28, 2011. Its main purpose is for members to form a regional trading bloc and forge stronger economic ties with the Asia-Pacific region. This report provides an overview of the structure of the Pacific Alliance, events leading up to its creation, and the economic significance of the Member countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462830/
Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout: Management Under the Endangered Species Act
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Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout: Managing Under the Endangered Species Act
This report summarizes the reasons for Endangered Species Act (ESA) listings and outlines efforts to protect ESA - listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86531/
Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout: Managing Under the Endangered Species Act
This report summarizes the reasons for Endangered Species Act (ESA) listings and outlines efforts to protect ESA-listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93809/
The Pacific Salmon Treaty: The 1999 Agreement in Historical Perspective
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Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Program Administration
For more than 180 years, messengers known as pages have served the United States Congress. Several incumbent and former Members of Congress as well as other prominent Americans have served as congressional pages. This report takes a look at the history and current status of Congressional pages. It also details how a student can apply to be a page, and what factors lead to a successful application. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83859/
Pages of the United States Congress: Selection, Duties, and Program Administration
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Pairing in Congressional Voting: The House
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Pakistan Aid Cutoff: U.S. Nonproliferation and Foreign Policy Considerations
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events
This report provides a chronology of recent events involving Pakistan and Pakistan-U.S. relations. Sources include, but are not limited to, major newswires, the U.S. Department of State, and Pakistani news outlets. For a substantive review, see CRS Issue Brief IB94041, Pakistan-U.S. Relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10239/
Pakistan--Internal Stability and U.S. Response: CRS Experts
This report provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to Pakistan's internal stability and the U.S. response. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc627031/
Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments
This report reviews key current issues and developments in Pakistan and in U.S.-Pakistan relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501727/
Pakistan Political Unrest: In Brief
This report provides an overview of the latest developments in Islamabad. The report discusses the recent political unrest in Pakistan and implications for the U.S. interest. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462005/
Pakistan-U.S. Anti-Terrorism Cooperation
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Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements
This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86589/
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements
This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84011/
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements
This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93915/
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance
This report discusses U.S. aid to Pakistan including an overview of current developments, a discussion of aid rendered before and after 9/11, the objectives of requesting aid during FY2012, and various issues that Congress needs to consider relating to this topic. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93879/
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance
This report discusses the 112th Congress' measures to reduce the federal budget deficit and how this may influence congressional debate over the third-ranking U.S. aid recipient, Pakistan-a country vital to U.S. national security interests but that some say lacks accountability and even credibility. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122210/