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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Overview of the Air Carrier Access Act
This report briefly discusses the Air Carrier Access Act's (ACAA) statutory provisions, accompanying regulations, relevant judicial opinions, and legislation in the 110th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc700866/
Overview of the Appeal Process for Veterans' Claims
This report covers the current appeal process for veterans benefit claims. It ends with a description of current proposed legislation to alter the process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462323/
Overview of the Appeal Process for Veterans' Claims
This report covers the current appeal process for veterans benefit claims. It ends with a description of current proposed legislation to alter the process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98033/
Overview of the Authorization-Appropriation Process
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Overview of the Authorization-Appropriation Process
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Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process
A primary avenue for exercising Congress's power of the purse is the authorization and appropriation of federal spending to carry out government activities. This report discusses the formal authorization-appropriation process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31435/
Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process
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Overview of the Congressional Budget Process
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An Overview of the Employment-Population Ratio
This report provides an overview of the employment-population ratio. It opens with a discussion of its value as a labor market indicator, noting its key features and limitations. This is followed by an examination of long-term and recent trends. The contribution of demographic and economic factors to recent patterns is explored at the close of the report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689241/
Overview of the Executive Budget Process
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Overview of the Executive Budget Process
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Overview of the Federal Debt
The size of current and projected federal deficits and the accumulation of federal debt are central to current congressional deliberations regarding fiscal reforms. This report provides a broad overview of the federal debt, annual budget deficits, and debt service costs. Federal debt is the accumulated sum of unrepaid borrowing by the federal government over time. The total federal debt consists of debt held by the public and intragovernmental debt. Debt owed to the public represents borrowing from entities other than the federal government, and includes borrowing from state and local governments, foreign governments and investors, the Federal Reserve System, and foreign central banks, as well as private investors in the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40158/
Overview of the Federal Procurement Process and Resources
he federal government's basic procurement or acquisition process involves an agency identifying the goods and services it needs (also known as the agency's "requirements"), determining the most appropriate method for purchasing these items, and carrying out the acquisition. Although this process is simple in theory, any given procurement can be complex, involving a multitude of decisions and actions. This report describes the most common elements of the federal procurement process and resources that may be used in that process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31495/
Overview of the Federal Procurement Process and Resources
This report discusses the the federal government's basic procurement or acquisition process: identifying the goods and services it needs, determining the most appropriate method for purchasing these items, and carrying out the acquisition. Although this process is simple in theory, any given procurement can be complex, involving a multitude of decisions and actions. This report also describes the most common elements of the federal procurement process and resources that may be used in that process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122346/
Overview of the Federal Tax System
The major sources of federal tax revenue are individual income taxes, Social Security and other payroll taxes, corporate income taxes, excise taxes, and estate and gift taxes. This report describes the federal tax structure, provides some statistics on the tax system as a whole, and presents analysis of selected tax concepts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491524/
Overview of the Federal Tax System
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An Overview of the HOME Investment Partnerships Program
This report provides an introduction to the HOME Investment Partnerships Program, including a brief history, an overview of allowable uses of HOME funds, and a description of certain program requirements. It also provides information on funding for the program and how that funding has been used. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462247/
An Overview of the Housing Finance System in the United States
This report provides an overview of how the housing finance system works and provides context for housing finance-related policy issues that Congress might choose to consider. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462704/
Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug and Reform Legislation
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Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003
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An Overview of the Nonprofit and Charitable Sector
This report discusses various aspects of the nonprofit and charitable sector, including the sector's size and scope, funding, and relationship with the federal government. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc627242/
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate
This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462666/
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate
This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122236/
An Overview of the Presidential Pardoning Power
This report provides an overview of the scope of the President's pardoning power, the legal effects of a pardon, and the procedures that have traditionally been adhered to in the consideration of requests for pardons. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462432/
An Overview of the Tax Provisions in the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012
This report provides an overview of the tax provisions (Titles I-IV and Title X of P.L. 112-240) included in the "fiscal cliff deal," including the permanent extension and modification of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, often referred to collectively as the "Bush-era tax cuts"; the temporary extension of certain tax provisions originally included as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA; P.L. 111-5), often referred to as the "2009 tax cuts"; the permanent extension of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) patch; the temporary extension of a variety of other temporary expiring provisions for individuals, businesses, and energy often referred to as "tax extenders" and the expansion of in-plan conversions of traditional employer-sponsored retirement accounts (like 401(k) plans) to employer-sponsored Roth accounts (like Roth 401(k) plans). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462208/
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism
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An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness
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An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and EPA actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462162/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491316/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed hydraulic fracturing rule and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501821/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc505471/
An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions
This report focuses on the growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production driven primarily by tight oil formations and shale gas formations. It also reviews selected federal environmental regulatory and research initiatives related to unconventional oil and gas extraction, including the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) hydraulic fracturing rule (finalized in March 2015) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc505537/
An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs
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Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's 2015 Revision
This report discusses the standard-setting process, the specifics of the current and most recent reviews, and issues that may be raised as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brings the current review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone to completion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462623/
Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's 2015 Revision
This report discusses the standard-setting process, the specifics of the current and most recent reviews, and issues that may be raised as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) brings the current review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone to completion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501869/
Ozone Air Quality Standards: EPA's Proposed January 2010 Revisions
This report discusses the standard-setting process for ambient air, the specifics of the new standard, and issues raised by the Administrator's choice; and it describes the steps that will follow EPA's promulgation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503479/
P.L. 97-320, Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982: A Brief Explanation
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P.L. 111-292, the Telework Enhancement Act of 2010: Summary of Provisions and Possible Issues for Oversight
As executive agencies implement the law on telework, Congress may wish to examine several issues, including the policies and guidance that the Office of Management and Budget and OPM, respectively, will be prescribing on the security of information and systems during telework, and the operation of executive agency telework programs. This report summarizes the provisions of P.L. 111-292 and identifies several possible issues for congressional oversight of telework. It will be updated as the law is implemented. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40160/
The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America
The Pacific Alliance is a regional integration initiative formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru on April 28, 2011. Its main purpose is for members to form a regional trading bloc and forge stronger economic ties with the Asia-Pacific region. This report provides an overview of the structure of the Pacific Alliance, events leading up to its creation, and the economic significance of the Member countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462830/
Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout: Management Under the Endangered Species Act
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Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout: Managing Under the Endangered Species Act
This report summarizes the reasons for Endangered Species Act (ESA) listings and outlines efforts to protect ESA - listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86531/
Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout: Managing Under the Endangered Species Act
This report summarizes the reasons for Endangered Species Act (ESA) listings and outlines efforts to protect ESA-listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93809/
The Pacific Salmon Treaty: The 1999 Agreement in Historical Perspective
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Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Program Administration
For more than 180 years, messengers known as pages have served the United States Congress. Several incumbent and former Members of Congress as well as other prominent Americans have served as congressional pages. This report takes a look at the history and current status of Congressional pages. It also details how a student can apply to be a page, and what factors lead to a successful application. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83859/
Pages of the United States Congress: Selection, Duties, and Program Administration
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Pairing in Congressional Voting: The House
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Pakistan Aid Cutoff: U.S. Nonproliferation and Foreign Policy Considerations
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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Pakistan: Chronology of Events
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