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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Protecting Civilian Flights from Missiles
This report briefly outlines the history of incidents involving civilian flights being hit by shoulder fired missiles and discusses the Directed Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) systems, which were developed to be mounted on commercial airliners for defense against infrared guided missiles and were never widely implemented. The report discusses the limitations of DIRCM systems, especially in the context of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, which would not have been saved by such a system due to having been brought down by a radar-guided missile. The report also examines alternative ways to protect commercial airliners from missile attacks, such as flight techniques and ground-based systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463400/
Protecting Classified Information and the Rights of Criminal Defendants: The Classified Information Procedures Act
This report gives an overview of the Classified Information Procedures Act, enacted by the 96th Congress, which provides uniform procedures for prosecutions involving classified information. It provides a background of the act and discusses its various sections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99046/
Protecting Classified Information and the Rights of Criminal Defendants: The Classified Information Procedures Act
A criminal prosecution involving classified information may cause tension between the government's interest in protecting classified information and the criminal defendant's right to a constitutionally valid trial. In some cases, a defendant may threaten to disclose classified information in an effort to gain leverage. Concerns about this practice, referred to as "graymail," led the 96th Congress to enact the Classified Information Procedures Act to provide uniform procedures for prosecutions involving classified information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83957/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
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Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
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Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3275/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3277/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3278/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3279/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3276/
Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8479/
Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8255/
Protecting Noncreative Databases: Bills Before the 108th Congress
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Protecting Noncreative Databases: H.R. 3261, 108th Congress, First Session (2003)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5963/
Protecting Our Perimeter: “Border Searches” under the Fourth Amendment
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Protecting the U.S. Perimeter: Border Searches Under the Fourth Amendment
This report first outlines the statutes authorizing certain federal officers to conduct warrantless searches. It then addresses the scope of the government's constitutional authority to search and seize persons and property at the border. It also describes the varying levels of suspicion generally required for each type of border search as interpreted by the courts. Finally, this report lists several bills before the 111th Congress that address border searches. This report does not address interior searches and seizures performed by immigration personnel since they are not traditional "border searches." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26206/
Protecting the U.S. Perimeter: "Border Searches" Under the Fourth Amendment
This report addresses the scope of the government's authority to search and seize individuals at the border pursuant to the constitutional framework that encompasses the border search exception to the warrant and probable cause requirements of the Fourth Amendment. This report also describes the varying levels of suspicion generally associated with each type of border search as interpreted by the courts. In addition, this report highlights some of the border security recommendations made by the 9/11 Commission and legislative actions taken in the 108th, 109th, and 110th Congresses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462911/
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
The protection of classified national security and other controlled information is of concern not only to the executive branch - which determines what information is to be safeguarded, for the most part - but also to Congress, which uses the information to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities. It has established mechanisms to safeguard controlled information in its custody, although these arrangements have varied over time between the two chambers and among panels in each. This report explores and analyzes said mechanisms. It also discusses various proposals for standardization of and modifications to current policies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10558/
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
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Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6259/
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
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Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
This report discusses safeguards in place to protect conterolled information and proposals for change of some of the mechanisms in place. Congress uses classified national security and other controlled information to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities, particularly overseeing the executive, appropriating funds, and legislating public policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94174/
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals
This report discusses safeguards in place to protect controlled information and proposals for change of some of the mechanisms in place. Congress uses classified national security and other controlled information to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities, particularly overseeing the executive, appropriating funds, and legislating public policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503587/
The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework
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The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework
This report provides an overview of the relationship between executive and legislative authority over national security information, and summarizes the current laws that form the legal framework protecting classified information, including current executive orders and some agency regulations pertaining to the handling of unauthorized disclosures of classified information by government officers and employees. The report also summarizes criminal laws that pertain specifically to the unauthorized disclosure of classified information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122339/
The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework
This report provides an overview of the relationship between executive and legislative authority over national security information, and summarizes the current laws that form the legal framework protecting classified information, including current executive orders and some agency regulations pertaining to the handling of unauthorized disclosures of classified information by government officers and employees. The report also summarizes criminal laws that pertain specifically to the unauthorized disclosure of classified information, as well as civil and administrative penalties. Finally, the report describes some recent developments in executive branch security policies and legislation currently before Congress (S. 3454). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc491562/
The Protection of Classified Information: The Legal Framework
This report provides an overview of the relationship between executive and legislative authority over national security information, and summarizes the current laws that form the legal framework protecting classified information, including current executive orders and some agency regulations pertaining to the handling of unauthorized disclosures of classified information by government officers and employees. The report also summarizes criminal laws that pertain specifically to the unauthorized disclosure of classified information, as well as civil and administrative penalties. Finally, the report describes some recent developments in executive branch security policies and relevant legislative activity. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462798/
Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis
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Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036 and S. 659, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis
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Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036, S. 659, S. 1805, S. 1806, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis
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Protection of Security-Related Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9566/
Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation
This report starts out with background information regarding trade secrets and an overview of current legal landscape for trade secret protection. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462248/
Provisions in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 as an Alternative to a Traditional Budget Resolution
This report provides an explanation of such provisions, highlights how those provisions compare with a traditional budget resolution, and places them within the context of the budget process for FY2014 and FY2015. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306445/
Proxy Access Reform Being Considered by the SEC: An Overview
This report discusses the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) role that oversees matters related to the content of proxy materials. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc501618/
Public Access to Data from Federally Funded Research: Provisions in OMB Circular A-110
The results of scientific studies are used in making many governmental policy decisions. While the studies are often published, the data on which they are based may not be, even for federally funded research. Before 1999, academic and nonprofit performers of such research were permitted but not required to make their data available to the public through provisions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). In October 1998, a provision in P.L. 105-277 changed that, requiring that such data be made publicly available. This report provides background on the 1999 revisions to federal policy, a discussion of the impacts of those changes, and an analysis of the issues raised by them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463492/
Public Aid and Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
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Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3284/